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Politician: Fewer people are entering the labor market now

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Politician: Fewer people are entering the labor market now [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 10:40
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4. Politician: Fewer people are entering the labor market now than previously. If the economy grows, the demand for motivated and educated people will far outstrip the supply. Some companies have already started to respond to this labor-market situation by finding better ways to keep their current employees. Their concern is a sure indicator that the economy is growing.

Which of the following is the best criticism of the politician’s reasoning?

(A) The fact that companies are making prudent preparations for a possible future development does not mean that this development is already taking place.
(B) The fact that some companies now try harder to keep their employees does not mean that they used to be indifferent to employee morale.
(C) The fact that demand will outstrip supply does not mean that there will be no supply at all.
(D) The fact that the number of new entrants into the labor market is declining does not mean that the number of new entrants is lower than it has ever been.
(E) The fact that current employees have become more valuable to some companies does not mean that those employees will do their jobs better than they used to.


15. Left-handed persons suffer more frequently than do right-handed persons from certain immune disorders, such as allergies. Left-handers tend to have an advantage over the right-handed majority, however, on tasks controlled by the right hemisphere of the brain, and mathematical reasoning is strongly under the influence of the right hemisphere in most people.

If the information above is true, it best supports which of the following hypotheses?

(A) Most people who suffer from allergies or other such immune disorders are left-handed rather than right-handed.
(B) Most left-handed mathematicians suffer from some kind of allergy.
(C) There are proportionally more left-handers among people whose ability to reason mathematically is above average than there are among people with poor mathematical reasoning ability.
(D) If a left-handed person suffers from an allergy, that person will probably be good at mathematics.
(E) There are proportionally more people who suffer from immune disorders such as allergies than there are people who are left-handed or people whose mathematical reasoning ability is unusually good


THESE ARE TWO SPECIFIC QUESTIONS WHICH AM LOOKING FOR EXPLANATIONS...AS ONE QUESTION DEALS WITH CRITICISM WHILE THE OTHER ON HYPOTHESES

ARE THERE ANY RULES FOR DOING BOTH THESE

Thanks
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 11:04
4 A
15 C
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 11:18
I got A and E.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 11:19
4A

politician's point is that the economy is growing on the assumption that company are retaining current employee only because they also think
economy is growing - rather than just being prudent as suggested by A

15C

left hander has advantage in right brain => there are more left-haders in math-capable people than in math-incapable people (C)
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 11:31
I got A and E.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 11:45
I think A and C
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 15:09
A and C
(LH who reason well:All who reason well) > (LH who DON'T reason well:All who DON'T reason well)

1. This is a 'weaken' the argument Q.
2. This is a 'inference' Q.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 16:55
A
C
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 17:03
Question 1

A is the best choice The politician's stand is that the economy is growing (progressive tense suggests the politician believes this growth is already taking place now). He makes his stand based on the fact some companies are findings ways to retain their employees. Choice (A) however says that companies making prudent preparations for a possible developement does not provide an indiciator that this development is already taking place. It debunks the politician's argument.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 17:15
Question 2

(A) Can't make this judegement. We only know left handed people suffer worse from certain allergies (only certain, not all)
(B) Takes the premises too far
(C) Go with thsi choice. We can't tell the exact number, but proportionally there should be more left handers among people with good mathematical ability than there are among people with poor mathematical ability
(D) Hard to say
(E) Can't compare

C it is.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2005, 20:09
4. A criticism=weaken the argument put forth by the mayor

15. C (after 3 minutes) beware of the percentage comparison trap.
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2005, 01:56
OA
4) A
15) C

.....but am still confused over the 15th question. i dont think i would have gone for C considering the lengthy wordings & no where it mentions the part of allergy
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2005, 08:58
sushom101 wrote:
OA
4) A
15) C

.....but am still confused over the 15th question. i dont think i would have gone for C considering the lengthy wordings & no where it mentions the part of allergy


The question stem does mention allergies. It's right in the first sentence "Left-handed persons suffer more frequently than do right-handed persons from certain immune disorders, such as allergies"
  [#permalink] 21 Oct 2005, 08:58
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