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possesives?

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possesives? [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2012, 02:37
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

40% (02:12) correct 60% (00:59) wrong based on 52 sessions
This question has been discussed before but I did not get any satisfactory answer....


Schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm, is prevalent in hot, humid climates, and it has become more widespread as irrigation projects have enlarged the habitat of THE FRESHWATER SNAILS THAT ARE THE PARASITE'S HOSTS FOR PART OF ITS LIFE CYCLE.

A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle
B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle
C. freshwater snails which becomes the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles
D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycles
E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hosts during their life cycles



even though the correct answer can be determined by a procees of elimination(all other choices have singular-plural proble)....still i cant understand how 'its' could refer to 'parasites'....isnt it one of the most basic rules that a pronoun's antecedent MUST refer to a noun or any other thing acting as a noun???
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Re: possesives? [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2012, 03:24
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First of all "ITS " is a possessive pronoun that can correctly refer to possessive.

A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle
--> everything is CORRECT; ITS correctly refers to the possessive.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle
--> THEIR is wrong as per subject -verb agreement.

C. freshwater snails which becomes the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles
--. SV error

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycles
-->
1) which is incorrectly used--> which introduces non essential part and also is used a comma.
2) unnecessarily wordy;
3) indicates "a parasite has several life cycles"

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hosts during their life cycles
--> pronoun error

Hope this helps...!!
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Re: possesives? [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2012, 05:46
Expert's post
First, the possessive pronoun ‘its’ is properly referring to the singular parasite and its apostrophe (parasite’s) and not the plural parasites and its apostrophe (parasites’) as has been stated.
It may be noted that the first pronoun ‘it’ refers to the disease, while the second pronoun ‘its’ refers to the parasite’s due to proximity. In the case of possessive pronouns, the antecedence rules are relaxable, if logic demands.

A is good enough,IMO, as the other choices are not really challenging enough in terms of grammar, as has been stated by the poster
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Re: possesives? [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2012, 20:16
I think your confusing "parasite's" with "parasites"

The sentence is referring to a single parasite
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Re: possesives? [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2013, 02:07
MGMAT SC says that every it and its should refer to the same noun.. but in the correct answer , it doesn't seem so..

it refers to the disease
and its refers to parasite


please clarify..
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Re: possesives? [#permalink] New post 10 Jan 2013, 03:00
kraizada84 wrote:
First of all "ITS " is a possessive pronoun that can correctly refer to possessive.

A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle
--> everything is CORRECT; ITS correctly refers to the possessive.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle
--> THEIR is wrong as per subject -verb agreement.

C. freshwater snails which becomes the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles
--. SV error

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycles
-->
1) which is incorrectly used--> which introduces non essential part and also is used a comma.
2) unnecessarily wordy;
3) indicates "a parasite has several life cycles"

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hosts during their life cycles
--> pronoun error

Hope this helps...!!



great, thank you

on gmat "which clause" show non restrictive information and must be used with a comma. This is different from general grammar in which "which clause" can show restrictive or non restrictive information and can go with or without comma.

is my thinking correct?
Re: possesives?   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2013, 03:00
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