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Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to

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Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 23:42
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Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to have been possible by reducing phenomena to mathematical expressions. Some social scientists also want the power to predict accurately and assume they ought to perform the same reduction. But this would be a mistake; it would neglect data that are not easily mathematized and thereby would only distort the social phenomena.
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the argument?

(A) The social sciences do not have as much predictive power as the natural sciences.
(B) Mathematics plays a more important role in the natural sciences than it does in the social sciences.
(C) There is a need in the social sciences to improve the ability to predict.
(D) Phenomena in the social sciences should not be reduced to mathematical formulas.
(E) Prediction is responsible for the success of the natural sciences.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2012, 00:38
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Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to have been possible by reducing phenomena to mathematical expressions. Some social scientists also want the power to predict accurately and assume they ought to perform the same reduction. But this would be a mistake; it would neglect data that are not easily mathematized and thereby would only distort the social phenomena.
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the argument?

(A) The social sciences do not have as much predictive power as the natural sciences. We dont know but may be psychology improves prediction power of social sciences into something better than that of natural sciences. SO cannot assume.
(B) Mathematics plays a more important role in the natural sciences than it does in the social sciences.This might sound correct. But mathematics do not play any role in the fields themselves, but rather helps in prediction in those fields. Incorrect
(C) There is a need in the social sciences to improve the ability to predict.This is wrong by the same logic that I wrote in 1
(D) Phenomena in the social sciences should not be reduced to mathematical formulas.This is correct as social sciences contain data that is not easily mathematized
(E) Prediction is responsible for the success of the natural sciences.We dont know whether natural sciences are successful. All we know is that prediction is possible there
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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2012, 01:18
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Rather than go through a POE, I think there is an easier method by looking at the question:

Which of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion? – Meaning: Locate the main conclusion in the argument and match to one of A-E.

So lets find the conclusion:
Prediction, the hallmark..... a premise describing what prediction is (therefore very much factual)
Some social scientist...... further information on the preferences of social scientists. Another premise.
But this would be a mistake..... Bingo! This statement talks about what would happen in the hypothetical future if the aforementioned premises were followed. I like these kind of conclusions (ones which talk about what might happen in the future) because they are easily located by the mere fact they occur in a different ‘tense’ in the argument.

All you need to do now is read A – E and see which matches this conclusion. There is only one thats close: D

Hope that helps

B.
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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2012, 01:22
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Yeah that is whats the best option for conclusion/inference questions. However, I think its good to show how exactly the wrong answer choices are wrong so that you have a feeling of how gmat throws you off guard.
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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to [#permalink] New post 13 Oct 2013, 10:19
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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2013, 10:18
souvik101990 wrote:
Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to have been possible by reducing phenomena to mathematical expressions. Some social scientists also want the power to predict accurately and assume they ought to perform the same reduction. But this would be a mistake; it would neglect data that are not easily mathematized and thereby would only distort the social phenomena.
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the argument?

(A) The social sciences do not have as much predictive power as the natural sciences. We dont know but may be psychology improves prediction power of social sciences into something better than that of natural sciences. SO cannot assume.
(B) Mathematics plays a more important role in the natural sciences than it does in the social sciences.This might sound correct. But mathematics do not play any role in the fields themselves, but rather helps in prediction in those fields. Incorrect
(C) There is a need in the social sciences to improve the ability to predict.This is wrong by the same logic that I wrote in 1
(D) Phenomena in the social sciences should not be reduced to mathematical formulas.This is correct as social sciences contain data that is not easily mathematized
(E) Prediction is responsible for the success of the natural sciences.We dont know whether natural sciences are successful. All we know is that prediction is possible there


@Souvik : I have no problem with D if it states that "For prediction to be possible,phenomena in the social sciences should not be reduced to mathematical formulas. ", but don't you think the statement D may not be true in all the cases.
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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2013, 12:31
Between C and D, I chose C from the idea - Some social scientists also want the power to predict :roll:

I felt D is a bit extreme to conclude. Someone please explain why C is out.

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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2013, 07:58
Hi CSSK,

to get this right, you really need to get what the meaning of 'conclusion' is. That is to say the result of what you are thinking at the end of the passage, with all info taken into account.

With C -it's not the CONCLUSION. It's more the starting point for the argument.

Hence why it is wrong

Hope that helps

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Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2014, 04:51
D for me

Psg conclusion: But this would be a mistake; it would neglect data that are not easily mathematized and thereby would only distort the social phenomena - saying don't do it, not the way to go.

D) Phenomena in the social sciences should not be reduced to mathematical formulas.
Re: Prediction, the hallmark of natural sciences, appears to   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2014, 04:51
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