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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s

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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2012, 05:39
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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Press Secretory: Our critics claim [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2012, 21:20
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. Logical error. Does not strengthen the argument. Just because canceling the projects was not the only option to be vindictive, does not mean that the action itself was not vindictive.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party. Most cancelled projects were in opposition districts (existing premise), but most of the projects identified as wasteful were also in opposition districts (this choice). This combination strengthens the argument. Correct.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. Out of scope. Incorrect.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. Weakens the argument, rather than strengthen it. Incorrect.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects. Weakens the argument, rather than strengthen it. Incorrect.

Thanks for sharing.
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Re: Press Secretory: Our critics claim [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2012, 01:33
Premise of the argument: "all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors."

Conclusion of the argument: "So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics."

In the assumption questions, the conclusion follows given the premise and the unstated assumption. In such questions, the premise is not complete. It needs something more which is the assumption for the conclusion to logically follow. In the above question the premise says that all the cancelled projects were wasteful. Choice B completes that by saying that all the wasteful projects were indeed cancelled and were not based on partisan politics. Only then the conclusion that the decision was based on sound budgetary policy follows.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 09:21
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 09:57
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Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.



B is clearly the answer. The other options go in other directions respect the argument at stake ;)
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 10:10
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Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 10:15
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 10:15
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Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.


Lets talk numbers!
Lets assume,
No of wasteful project districts=200
President's party districts=110
Opposition districts=90
Now lets say that the president cancelled 100 projects with 90 districts belonging to opposition and 10 of his own (so that it becomes 90%)
Now clearly the president is NOT fair isnt it?
That is exactly what B says!
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 10:20
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carcass wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.

whre is my kudos :lol:

SV disagreement :P
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2013, 10:25
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souvik101990 wrote:
carcass wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.

whre is my kudos :lol:

SV disagreement :P


ehi do you want to know one thing ?? compliments you are the first person on my black list. be happy for this :lol:

PS: typo on S in kudo :-D
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2013, 09:16
I chose B), doesn't B basically restate what the excerpt is stating?
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2013, 21:58
AccipiterQ wrote:
I chose B), doesn't B basically restate what the excerpt is stating?

No it doesn't. The argument says that all projects those were cancelled had been identified as wasteful. There is a gap in the argument. What about the projects those were not cancelled, even though, they were wasteful. And adding to it, if all of them were in districts controlled by President parties, this would have weaken the argument. Choice "B" fills this gap by explaining that projects identified as wasteful were not mostly from President's party.

Does it make sense?

Consider Kodus, if you find explanation useful. Thanks!
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink] New post 22 Apr 2014, 09:18
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.



Conclusion : President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
Evidence: the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts
Counter Evidence : all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors.

Assumption:
1) Wasteful means they are not sound budgetory projects.
2) Cancelled the projects on sound budgetary policy ground, but cancelled more Opposition parties district project than his own distircts.

So
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. - Irrelevant
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party. - Correct. Negating maks the conclusion question
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. - Irrelevant
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. - Expensive is not a matter of consideration here
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects. - irrelevant

I made wrong choice D)

-Press kudos if this helped
Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s   [#permalink] 22 Apr 2014, 09:18
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