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# Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s

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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2012, 05:39
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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Press Secretory: Our critics claim [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2012, 21:20
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. Logical error. Does not strengthen the argument. Just because canceling the projects was not the only option to be vindictive, does not mean that the action itself was not vindictive.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party. Most cancelled projects were in opposition districts (existing premise), but most of the projects identified as wasteful were also in opposition districts (this choice). This combination strengthens the argument. Correct.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. Out of scope. Incorrect.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. Weakens the argument, rather than strengthen it. Incorrect.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects. Weakens the argument, rather than strengthen it. Incorrect.

Thanks for sharing.
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Re: Press Secretory: Our critics claim [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2012, 01:33
Premise of the argument: "all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors."

Conclusion of the argument: "So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics."

In the assumption questions, the conclusion follows given the premise and the unstated assumption. In such questions, the premise is not complete. It needs something more which is the assumption for the conclusion to logically follow. In the above question the premise says that all the cancelled projects were wasteful. Choice B completes that by saying that all the wasteful projects were indeed cancelled and were not based on partisan politics. Only then the conclusion that the decision was based on sound budgetary policy follows.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 09:21
More clarifications required for this one.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 09:57
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Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

B is clearly the answer. The other options go in other directions respect the argument at stake
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 10:10
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Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 10:15
2
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Marcab wrote:
Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.

whre is my kudos
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 10:15
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Expert's post
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

Lets talk numbers!
Lets assume,
No of wasteful project districts=200
President's party districts=110
Opposition districts=90
Now lets say that the president cancelled 100 projects with 90 districts belonging to opposition and 10 of his own (so that it becomes 90%)
Now clearly the president is NOT fair isnt it?
That is exactly what B says!
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 10:20
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Expert's post
carcass wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.

whre is my kudos

SV disagreement
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 10:25
1
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souvik101990 wrote:
carcass wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Oh my my...
Got it now. This is the third time today that I tackled this question. I mean how can I be so stupid.
Don't know why was I not able to solve this one.

whre is my kudos

SV disagreement

ehi do you want to know one thing ?? compliments you are the first person on my black list. be happy for this

PS: typo on S in kudo
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2013, 09:16
I chose B), doesn't B basically restate what the excerpt is stating?
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2013, 21:58
AccipiterQ wrote:
I chose B), doesn't B basically restate what the excerpt is stating?

No it doesn't. The argument says that all projects those were cancelled had been identified as wasteful. There is a gap in the argument. What about the projects those were not cancelled, even though, they were wasteful. And adding to it, if all of them were in districts controlled by President parties, this would have weaken the argument. Choice "B" fills this gap by explaining that projects identified as wasteful were not mostly from President's party.

Does it make sense?

Consider Kodus, if you find explanation useful. Thanks!
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2014, 09:18
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

Conclusion : President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
Evidence: the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts
Counter Evidence : all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors.

Assumption:
1) Wasteful means they are not sound budgetory projects.
2) Cancelled the projects on sound budgetary policy ground, but cancelled more Opposition parties district project than his own distircts.

So
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. - Irrelevant
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party. - Correct. Negating maks the conclusion question
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future. - Irrelevant
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties. - Expensive is not a matter of consideration here
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects. - irrelevant

-Press kudos if this helped
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2015, 22:45
I'm Still not able to get this answer can some one help please. I have my Gmat exam tomorrow, just not able to deal with difficult level CR questions.

Thanks
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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2015, 22:16
If most of the wasteful projects are in opposition districts then it is natural that most of the projects cancelled would be from opposition districts. On the other hand, if most of the wasteful projects are in opposition districts but president cancelled most of the projects of his party’s district then it would be partisan.
So, ans would be B.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2015, 02:01
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

There are two conclusions here

C1.Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.

C2.So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

What I understand is C2 is the press secretary's conclusion

Quote:
Option B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party
. is the restatement of premise
Quote:
''the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts''.

I still wonder how B can be the answer!!
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2016, 06:54
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Tricky question !! I spent a lot of time trying to figure out authors assumption till i realized that the question is not asking authors assumption.

We need to find - assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?
Note it is NOT asking authors assumption.

Press secretary Conclusion: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties

So B.

No doubt we get confused as to why B when its already mentioned in the passage.

Hope this helps
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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04 May 2016, 22:08
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

Below explanation of Ron helps to someone who get confused to this question like me!

The point is that the 90% statistic would represent a possible bias, unless 90% of all the wasteful projects were in those districts. I.e., if the cancellation of those projects were at all out of proportion with their presence in those districts, then an accusation of bias would be justified.
If that's too confusing, then try negating (B).
If you negate that premise, you get "Most of the wasteful projects were in the president's districts". If that's true, then the fact that 90% of the cancelled projects were in opposition districts"”which didn't even contain most of the wasteful projects"”would very clearly demonstrate a political bias, thus destroying the argument.
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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2016, 00:10
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We have to find assumptions
Assumption is a premise that is not written explicitly.
If we add assumption to the argument our argument will become fool proof and devoid of criticism.

lets write the argument is simplest form first

Premise 1) Critics claims president is punishing opposition by cancelling project in their cities
Premise 2) Critics claims 90 % projects in opposition cities were cancelled
Premise 3) Independent auditor say projects were cancelled because they were wasteful

Conclusion ) President is saving money and not punishing opponents by cancelling MOST of the projects. <==== Now this is the line that the answer should defend or strengthen at any cost. If this line can be shown to be false then argument fails. You have to choose a answer that must protect, defend, save this line at any cost. THIS LINE IS THE ABSOLUTE TRUTH AND NO DOUBT SHOULD EVER FALL ON IT .. EVER !!!!!

Now think what will the opponent will you say to weaken the conclusion. He will probably say :- Yeah !! President .. !! are you saving money ? you save money by cancelling most of the projects in my city.. IF this is how you save money why don't you cancel most project in your city ?? huh.. lets be fair president.. I dare you to cancel most of project in your city.

bamm.. now the opposition has challenged the conclusion. now The president have to quickly save the conclusion otherwise the argument will wall apart

President saves the argument by saying:- "But I don't have most of the project in my city. ha ha .. how can i eat 40 bananas if i have only 1 banana. My city does not have most of the projects. So i cannot cancel most of the projects in my city"

Now the critic is speechless. He cannot attack the president anymore by saying that most of the projects that are being cancelled are in his city are to punish him.
If the number of projects was equal in critics city and presidents city and the president only cancelled critics project, then one can say president is clearly punishing the opponent. But this is not the case.

so this is what the option B does
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
in other words
The presidents city has either no or less projects.

NOW THE ARGUMENT IS SAFE AND THUS (B) IS THE ANSWER

THIS TECHNIQUE IS CALLED A DEFENDER ASSUMPTION. YOU CAN READ MORE ABOUT IT POWERSCORE CR BIBLE

Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

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Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 31 Aug 2016, 22:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2016, 15:35
hwgmat2015 wrote:
Tricky question !! I spent a lot of time trying to figure out authors assumption till i realized that the question is not asking authors assumption.

We need to find - assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?
Note it is NOT asking authors assumption.

Press secretary Conclusion: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties

So B.

No doubt we get confused as to why B when its already mentioned in the passage.

Hope this helps

You nailed it. I spent probably an hour trying to figure this question out but your explanation cleared it out for me. It just shows how important it is to restate every word in the conclusion. Thank you and Kudos.
Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President s   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2016, 15:35
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