price levels : GMAT Verbal Section
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# price levels

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23 Nov 2004, 11:08
Many economists maintain that (it is price levels for services, rather than supply and demand, that most clearly reflect consumer attitudes toward inflation.)

B. price levels for services, rather than supply and demend most clearly reflects consumer attitudes toward inflation
C. rather than supply and demand, consumer attituded toward inflation are most clearly reflected by price levels for services
D. price levels for services most clearly reflect consumer attitudes toward inflation, rather than supply and demand
E. the clearest reflection of consumer attitudes toward inflation are price levels for services rather than supply and demand

Thanks.

Last edited by boksana on 23 Nov 2004, 12:40, edited 1 time in total.
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23 Nov 2004, 12:01
'B'
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23 Nov 2004, 12:45
can you explain your choice of B?
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23 Nov 2004, 13:17
In 'A' the pronoun 'it' has no antecedent
The underlined portion should start with 'price levels.....' so I eliminated 'C' & 'E'.
So, between ' B' and 'D'. 'B' is better because of the use of '....reflects consumer attitudes...' instead of '.......reflect consumer attitudes .................'
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23 Nov 2004, 13:37
I go for A, but not very sure.

A: I think it is grammatically correct although a bit awkward. And I would have preferred the pronoun what instead of that.

B: wrong person of the verb, levels need the verb to be reflect

C: different clauses all over the place (misplaced)

D: rather than supply and demand is misplaced (it should have been placed after services). Otherwise the sentence is correct

E: puts the subject (levels) after the verb
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24 Nov 2004, 05:46
D for me.
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24 Nov 2004, 06:11
I think its D

In 'A' the pronoun 'it' has no antecedent
The underlined portion should start with 'price levels.....' so I eliminated 'C' & 'E'.
So, between ' B' and 'D'. 'B' is better because of the use of '....reflects consumer attitudes...' instead of '.......reflect consumer attitudes .................'

I think "reflect" is tied to "price levels for services"...
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24 Nov 2004, 06:23
May be you are right Gayathri but the reason I chose a singular verb is I knew that I should not include 'rather than supply and demand' and make a plural subject out of it, but I think I was looking at the wrong part of the sentence.
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24 Nov 2004, 07:20
tough one

between B & D, I will go with B
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24 Nov 2004, 10:06
OA is A. Who can explain?
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24 Nov 2004, 11:31
I would go for "A".

Reasoning: Ignore "rather than.." part first, as it is additional information.

B reads: Many economists maintain that price levels for services that most clearly ....
- that X that - is wrong

A reads: Many economists maintain that it is price levels for services that most clearly ...
- that it is X that - is correct

D is wrong because of misplaced modifier - changing the meaning. It suggests that "price levels reflect customer attitudes toward inflation and not toward supply and demand"
However, original sentence wants to differentiate between "price levels" and "supply and demand" that reflects customer attitude toward inflation.
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24 Nov 2004, 11:40
forumsmba can you tell me what the pronoun 'it' refers to.
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24 Nov 2004, 12:11

it is price level = SUBJECT .. dont think it as of a pronoun it is acting as a subject in accordance with PRICE LEVEL.
I know I am bad at explaining stuff but I am sure " it" is not wrong in this context.
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24 Nov 2004, 19:22
A is the correct one. All other choices are wrong, as explained by "forumsmba". As for the reference of the pronoun... the construction of this sentence is correct. "It" refers to the subject and the subject can come after the IT. an example of a similar one.....

"why did u take it, when u knew the the money was meant for charity"
"I did not take them out from the overb, as the cakes were still hot."
"I am not interested in them as both the movies were total flop"

In all above sentences, the pronoun clearly refers to the subject. The problem comes when there is a pronoun "it/them/those" and there are 2 subjects which makes a confusion to which "IT" refers.

I hope this helped.
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24 Nov 2004, 20:27
carsen, I do understand the examples that you have used but still I am not sure what the 'it' refers to in the above question - do you care to explain.
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24 Nov 2004, 21:18
Hi

Sure I can explain...

Let us look at the sentence to understand what it means.

Many economists maintain that it is price levels for services, rather than supply and demand, that most clearly reflect consumer attitudes toward inflation.

What can IT refer to in the above sentence.Would that be "price levels", or "services" or "supply" or "demand" or "reflect" or the "attiudes". Aomung the choices, "reflect" justifies the best. Can IT refer to anyother thing. Let us remove the sentence from "rather than supply.." we get,

Many economists maintain that it is price levels for services that most clearly reflect (consumer attitudes) toward inflation.

IT cannot represent any other thing other than "REFLECT". If you remove "reflect" the sentence looses it meaning and constrution.

I hope this helped.[/b]
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24 Nov 2004, 21:24
carsen, Thanks for your reply. Since you mentioned so many nouns I am thinking that this may not be a typical GMAT question because as per GMAT standard this will be an ambiguous sentence but once again thanks for your reply.
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24 Nov 2004, 21:32
Hi

This can be a typical GMAT question, as this is the way ETS traps us. My question is, was the doubt cleared?.

Regards
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24 Nov 2004, 21:39
Sorry Carsen, yes I did get your point. Thanks
24 Nov 2004, 21:39
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