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Many economists maintain that (it is price levels for services, rather than supply and demand, that most clearly reflect consumer attitudes toward inflation.)
B. price levels for services, rather than supply and demend most clearly reflects consumer attitudes toward inflation
C. rather than supply and demand, consumer attituded toward inflation are most clearly reflected by price levels for services
D. price levels for services most clearly reflect consumer attitudes toward inflation, rather than supply and demand
E. the clearest reflection of consumer attitudes toward inflation are price levels for services rather than supply and demand
Please explain your choice.
Last edited by boksana on 23 Nov 2004, 12:40, edited 1 time in total.
In 'A' the pronoun 'it' has no antecedent
The underlined portion should start with 'price levels.....' so I eliminated 'C' & 'E'.
So, between ' B' and 'D'. 'B' is better because of the use of '....reflects consumer attitudes...' instead of '.......reflect consumer attitudes .................'
In 'A' the pronoun 'it' has no antecedent The underlined portion should start with 'price levels.....' so I eliminated 'C' & 'E'. So, between ' B' and 'D'. 'B' is better because of the use of '....reflects consumer attitudes...' instead of '.......reflect consumer attitudes .................'
I think "reflect" is tied to "price levels for services"...
May be you are right Gayathri but the reason I chose a singular verb is I knew that I should not include 'rather than supply and demand' and make a plural subject out of it, but I think I was looking at the wrong part of the sentence.
Reasoning: Ignore "rather than.." part first, as it is additional information.
B reads: Many economists maintain that price levels for services that most clearly ....
- that X that - is wrong
A reads: Many economists maintain that it is price levels for services that most clearly ...
- that it is X that - is correct
D is wrong because of misplaced modifier - changing the meaning. It suggests that "price levels reflect customer attitudes toward inflation and not toward supply and demand"
However, original sentence wants to differentiate between "price levels" and "supply and demand" that reflects customer attitude toward inflation.
it is price level = SUBJECT .. dont think it as of a pronoun it is acting as a subject in accordance with PRICE LEVEL.
I know I am bad at explaining stuff but I am sure " it" is not wrong in this context.
A is the correct one. All other choices are wrong, as explained by "forumsmba". As for the reference of the pronoun... the construction of this sentence is correct. "It" refers to the subject and the subject can come after the IT. an example of a similar one.....
"why did u take it, when u knew the the money was meant for charity"
"I did not take them out from the overb, as the cakes were still hot."
"I am not interested in them as both the movies were total flop"
In all above sentences, the pronoun clearly refers to the subject. The problem comes when there is a pronoun "it/them/those" and there are 2 subjects which makes a confusion to which "IT" refers.
Let us look at the sentence to understand what it means.
Many economists maintain that it is price levels for services, rather than supply and demand, that most clearly reflect consumer attitudes toward inflation.
What can IT refer to in the above sentence.Would that be "price levels", or "services" or "supply" or "demand" or "reflect" or the "attiudes". Aomung the choices, "reflect" justifies the best. Can IT refer to anyother thing. Let us remove the sentence from "rather than supply.." we get,
Many economists maintain that it is price levels for services that most clearly reflect (consumer attitudes) toward inflation.
IT cannot represent any other thing other than "REFLECT". If you remove "reflect" the sentence looses it meaning and constrution.
carsen, Thanks for your reply. Since you mentioned so many nouns I am thinking that this may not be a typical GMAT question because as per GMAT standard this will be an ambiguous sentence but once again thanks for your reply.