Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the

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Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2013, 03:12
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Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the grape-growing season typically reduce a vineyard's yield, because the grapes stay relatively small. In years with such weather, wine producers can make only a relatively small quantity of wine from a given area of vineyards. Nonetheless, in regions where wine producers generally grow their own grapes, analysts typically expect a long, hot, dry spell late in the growing season to result in increased revenues for local wine producers.

Which of the following, if true, does most to justify the analysts' expectation?

A) The lower a vineyard's yield, the less labor is required to harvest the grapes.
B) Long, hot, dry spells at the beginning of the grape-growing season are rare, but they can have a devastating effect on a vineyard's yield.
C) Grapes grown for wine production are typically made into wine at or near the vineyard in which they were grown.
D) When hot, dry spells are followed by heavy rains, the rains frequently destroy grape crops.
E) Grapes that have matured in hot, dry weather make significantly better wine than ordinary grapes.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2013, 03:24
my pick is E
premise is :In years with such weather, wine producers can make only a relatively small quantity of wine from a given area of vineyards
conclusion is :Nonetheless, in regions where wine producers generally grow their own grapes, analysts typically expect a long, hot, dry spell late in the growing season to result in increased revenues for local wine producers.

revenue can be increased by either increasing quantity or quality and E is giving us that reason that even if qty might have reduced ,the quality of this wine will result for the increased revenue !!
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2013, 09:36
+1 E

That type of wine will be more expensive and demanded by the market.
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2013, 15:40
Can someone explain the problem with A?

I find the following issue with E. As per E, the wine will be better after a hot dry weather but it fails to support how it will generate higher revenue? Does it implicitly expect that the better wine will be sold at a higher price thus bringing higher revenue for wine sellers?
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2013, 21:06
Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the grape-growing season typically reduce a vineyard's yield, ....... wine producers can make only a relatively small quantity of wine from a given area of vineyards. ....., analysts typically expect a long, hot, dry spell late in the growing season to result in increased revenues for local wine producers.

'E' supports the analyst's expectations, whereas 'A' adds a new factor 'labor needed to harvest' which has not been discussed by the analyst.
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2013, 13:12
itsmeabhi99 wrote:
Can someone explain the problem with A?

I find the following issue with E. As per E, the wine will be better after a hot dry weather but it fails to support how it will generate higher revenue? Does it implicitly expect that the better wine will be sold at a higher price thus bringing higher revenue for wine sellers?

The problem with A is that you must assume that 'less required labor' means 'less demand for labor', which in turn might imply that 'less money is spent on labor' if 'demand for labor stays the same and the price of labor doesn't increase'.

The problem with E is that you must assume that higher quality wine 'is sold for more'.

Life is much easier with E:)
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 00:35
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itsmeabhi99 wrote:
Can someone explain the problem with A?

I find the following issue with E. As per E, the wine will be better after a hot dry weather but it fails to support how it will generate higher revenue? Does it implicitly expect that the better wine will be sold at a higher price thus bringing higher revenue for wine sellers?

Argument is talking about increasing the REVENUES.. Not about reducing the EXPENSES.. This makes A a loser..

A and C imply that Expenses can be reduced.. What we need is justification for increased Revenues..
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2013, 13:27
Another reason why A is wrong is the following

In hot season the size of the grape is reduced, this doesn't mean at all that the labor required will also be reduced since the work needed is still the same.
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 09:52
Vercules wrote:
Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the grape-growing season typically reduce a vineyard's yield, because the grapes stay relatively small. In years with such weather, wine producers can make only a relatively small quantity of wine from a given area of vineyards. Nonetheless, in regions where wine producers generally grow their own grapes, analysts typically expect a long, hot, dry spell late in the growing season to result in increased revenues for local wine producers.

Which of the following, if true, does most to justify the analysts' expectation?

A) The lower a vineyard's yield, the less labor is required to harvest the grapes.
B) Long, hot, dry spells at the beginning of the grape-growing season are rare, but they can have a devastating effect on a vineyard's yield.
C) Grapes grown for wine production are typically made into wine at or near the vineyard in which they were grown.
D) When hot, dry spells are followed by heavy rains, the rains frequently destroy grape crops.
E) Grapes that have matured in hot, dry weather make significantly better wine than ordinary grapes.

Conclusion : Analysts say that long, hot, dry spell late in the growing season to result in increased revenues for local wine producers.
Support the conclusion.

A) The lower a vineyard's yield, the less labor is required to harvest the grapes.
How does the long, hot, dry spell late in the growing season affect the revenues is supported? -> Incorrect

B) Long, hot, dry spells at the beginning of the grape-growing season are rare, but they can have a devastating effect on a vineyard's yield.
Long, hot, dry spells at the beginning have negative effect on the revenues. But the positive effect is not high lighted -> Incorrect

C) Grapes grown for wine production are typically made into wine at or near the vineyard in which they were grown.
Out of scope -> Incorrect

D) When hot, dry spells are followed by heavy rains, the rains frequently destroy grape crops.
Long is removed, Hot , dry spells + Rain -> Negative impact. How does long, hot and dry spells increases the yield is not highlighted-> Incorrect

E) Grapes that have matured in hot, dry weather make significantly better wine than ordinary grapes.
This is the options how Long, hot and dry spells increases revenues -> Correct
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Re: Prolonged spells of hot, dry weather at the end of the   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2014, 09:52
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