Prominent business executives often play active roles in : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Prominent business executives often play active roles in

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Director
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23 Apr 2005, 18:57
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Prominent business executives often play active roles in United States presidential campaigns as fundraisers or backroom strategists. But few actually seek to become president themselves. Throughout history the great majority of those who have sought to become president have been lawyers, military leaders, or full-time politicians. This is understandable, for the personality and skills that make for success in business do not make for success in politics. Business is largely hierarchical, whereas politics is coordinative; As a result, business executives tend to be uncomfortable with compromises and power sharing, which are inherent in politics.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the proposed explanation of why Business executives do not run for president?

(A) Many of the most active presidential fundraisers and backroom strategists are themselves Politicians.

(B) Military leaders are generally no more comfortable with compromises and power sharing than are business executives.

(C) Some of the skills needed to become a successful lawyer are different from some of those needed to become a successful military leader.

(D) Some former presidents have engaged in business ventures after leaving office

(E) Some hierarchically structured companies have been major financial supporters of Candidates for president.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Director
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23 Apr 2005, 19:56
I will go for (D).

(D) states that Politicians themselves become Business Executives lateron.
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23 Apr 2005, 20:01
I will go with 'B'.
Military leaders are not comfortable with compromises and power sharing & so are business executives but military leaders seek presidency, hence the reason given for business executives not entering politics falls apart.
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23 Apr 2005, 20:06
I will go with 'B'.
Military leaders are not comfortable with compromises and power sharing & so are business executives but military leaders seek presidency, hence the reason given for business executives not entering politics falls apart.

(B) was also in my favourite list. I declined it because it was too specific. There is no mention of "Politician" or "Lawyers". Is that not required? what do u say?
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23 Apr 2005, 20:11
jpv wrote:
(B) was also in my favourite list. I declined it because it was too specific. There is no mention of "Politician" or "Lawyers". Is that not required? what do u say?

jpv, I do not think you need to look for those words, IMO 'D' is a trap because it says that former Presidents become business people and not the other way around, whereas 'B' directly attacks one of the premise proving it to be false.
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23 Apr 2005, 20:36
I believe it is (B).

It shows the similarity between military and business executives.
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23 Apr 2005, 21:10
It should be (B) because if military leaders can become the presidet, the why ot business leaders.
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23 Apr 2005, 21:19
MA wrote:
It should be (B) because if military leaders can become the presidet, the why ot business leaders.

Ohh, n/N key pad of my computer was not working.

It should be (B) because if military leaders can become the president, the why not business leaders.
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23 Apr 2005, 23:37
how do u refute A.

"Prominent business executives often play active roles in United States presidential campaigns as fundraisers or backroom strategists"

A defies the basic premise on which argument is based.
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24 Apr 2005, 05:23
mbamantra wrote:
how do u refute A.

"Prominent business executives often play active roles in United States presidential campaigns as fundraisers or backroom strategists"

A defies the basic premise on which argument is based.

HI, the conclusion is few of prominent business executives seek to become president themselves.

In choice A, even if fundraisers are politicians, we still cannot make sure whether these politicians who are also fundraisers will run for president or not since the author talked about politicians who are not fundraisers.

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24 Apr 2005, 19:31
OA is B!
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10 May 2011, 00:45
B,by POE.
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28 Aug 2015, 05:25
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15 Oct 2016, 19:45
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11 Jan 2017, 01:38
Prominent business executives often play active roles in the United States presidential campaigns as fundraisers or backroom strategists. But few actually seek to become president themselves. Throughout history, the great majority of those who have sought to become president have been lawyers, military leaders, or full-time politicians. This is understandable, for the personality and skills that make for success in business do not make for success in politics. Business is largely hierarchical, whereas politics is coordinative;
As a result, business executives tend to be uncomfortable with compromises and power-sharing, which are inherent in politics.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the proposed explanation of why Business executives do not run for president?

Argument: ...business executives tend to be uncomfortable with compromises and power-sharing, which are inherent in politics

In order to weaken the argument, we can do two things:
1) It's not the compromises and power-sharing that are stopping the business executives from running for the prez.
2) The lawyers, the military leaders, or the full-time politicians are no more comfortable than biz execs with compromises and power-sharing

(A) Many of the most active presidential fundraisers and backroom strategists are themselves, Politicians.
Does not weaken the argument.

(B) Military leaders are generally no more comfortable with compromises and power-sharing than are business executives.
In line with point 2.

(C) Some of the skills needed to become a successful lawyer are different from some of those needed to become a successful military leader.

(D) Some former presidents have engaged in business ventures after leaving office
What some politicians have done after leaving the office is OFS.

(E) Some hierarchically structured companies have been major financial supporters of Candidates for president.
OFS

Option B.
Re: Prominent business executives often play active roles in   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2017, 01:38
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