The original sentence is problematic in a number of ways. First, its use of the pronoun
“they” is incorrect in the first instance. The first “they” should refer to the federal judge,
who is singular. Hence, the use of the plural pronoun “they” is incorrect, particularly
when viewed in conjunction with the second pronoun “their” which correctly refers to
the lawyers. Also, the sentence is unnecessarily wordy, with “in order to” detracting
from the sentence’s conciseness. “Damages against their client” is unidiomatic.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This answer choice corrects the pronoun issue. However, this sentence is even
more unnecessarily wordy and awkward, replacing “economic damages” with
“damages of an economic nature.” Also, “the client” is an awkward use of the article
“the” given that “the client” refers to the patent holder, which appears in the sentence.
(C) The sentence incorrectly retains the first “they” pronoun error, though it omits the
use of the second “their.” Also, “the client” is an awkward use of the article “the” given
that “the client” refers to the patent holder, which appears in the sentence.
(D) This choice’s use of “them” incorrectly suggests that the lawyers are to be
protected from economic harm rather than their client, the patent holder.
(E) CORRECT. This sentence remedies the pronoun issue, and uses “their” correctly
in the second part of the sentence. It is also clear and concise.
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