Proposals for extending the United States school year to : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Proposals for extending the United States school year to

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Proposals for extending the United States school year to [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2009, 23:00
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Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the school’s three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century, the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children labor. If any policy could be justified by those appears to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.

26.The argument counters the objection by
(A) providing evidence to show that the objection relies on a misunderstanding about the amount of time each year United States schools traditionally have been closed
(B) calling into question the relevance of information about historical practices to current disputes about proposed social change
(C) arguing for an alternative understanding of the nature of the United States tradition regarding the length of the school year
(D) showing that those who oppose extending the school year have no genuine concern for tradition
(E) demonstrating that tradition justifies bringing the United States school year in line with that of the rest of the industrialized world

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19 Apr 2009, 23:23
A
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20 Apr 2009, 00:47
A is wrong because there is no 'misunderstanding'
B is correct, as it captures the change in criteria on which the decision abt school year time is based.

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20 Apr 2009, 01:26
It was a difficult question. Used POE.

(A) providing evidence to show that the objection relies on a misunderstanding about the amount of time each year United States schools traditionally have been closed - there is no misunderstanding in the argument.
(B) calling into question the relevance of information about historical practices to current disputes about proposed social change - by POE, this is the correct answer.
(C) arguing for an alternative understanding of the nature of the United States tradition regarding the length of the school year - there is no alternative understanding of the tradition in the argument.
(D) showing that those who oppose extending the school year have no genuine concern for tradition - this is contrary to the objection.
(E) demonstrating that tradition justifies bringing the United States school year in line with that of the rest of the industrialized world - Argument does not counter the objection with this justification. Rather, argument uses this as the explanation for tradition and provides an alternative view for the current situation.
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20 Apr 2009, 21:53
OA is not A and B

Anyone?
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20 Apr 2009, 22:34
I initially chose B.

Now that B is not the answer, C is my pick. When I read closely, C seems more relevant than does B

The argument is actually not saying that 'historical practices are not relevant to current disputes' but is, infact, saying that
both are relevant.

C, by saying that the persons in favor of the proposal just to keep up with the tradition are mistaken because the 3-month vacation was, infact, given for XYZ reason, provides an alternative explantion/understanding for the vacation

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20 Apr 2009, 23:21
unplugged, While we await OA, in C what is meant by "alternate understanding"? To me, there is only one understanding of the tradition in the argument.
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20 Apr 2009, 23:41
scthakur wrote:
unplugged, While we await OA, in C what is meant by "alternate understanding"? To me, there is only one understanding of the tradition in the argument.

Number 1 - The line of reasoning of the guys who object the proposal is that 'the proposal is inline with the tradition'. Just plain and simple - 'In sync with the tradition'

Number 2 - The argument, when saying that ' However this misses its mark.......' , in effect, provides an alternative explanation for the three month vacation

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21 Apr 2009, 02:15
My choice is B
Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the school’s three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century, the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children labor. If any policy could be justified by those appears to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.

The argument counters the objection by
(A) providing evidence to show that the objection relies on a misunderstanding about the amount of time each year United States schools traditionally have been closed -->there is no misunderstading here, this is a must be true question[/color]
(B) calling into question the relevance of information about historical practices to current disputes about proposed social change --> correct, its intention is that an adaptation to the current condition of social economic condition is better than a retaining of a tradition event, which was only suitable in such particular condition in the past
(C) arguing for an alternative understanding of the nature of the United States tradition regarding the length of the school year -->there is no alternation explaining here, it has just one true fact and one explaination
(D) showing that those who oppose extending the school year have no genuine concern for tradition -->exaggeration
(E) demonstrating that tradition justifies bringing the United States school year in line with that of the rest of the industrialized world -->counterfact

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22 Apr 2009, 21:35
Thanks, OA is C
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25 Apr 2009, 05:11
1 question: Can this kind of questions appear on official test? I think this is LSAT type: "Method of Reasoning".
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28 Oct 2009, 01:13
asset wrote:
A is wrong because there is no 'misunderstanding'
B is correct, as it captures the change in criteria on which the decision abt school year time is based.

Asset

OA can not be B because there is no social change mentioned.
I chose C
Re: Proposals   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2009, 01:13
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