Provinces and states with stringent car safety requirements, including required use of seat
belts and annual safety inspections, have on average higher rates of accidents per kilometer
driven than do provinces and states with less stringent requirements. Nevertheless, most
highway safety experts agree that more stringent requirements do reduce accident rates.
Which one of the following, if true, most helps to reconcile the safety experts’ belief with the
apparently contrary evidence described above?
a) Annual safety inspections ensure that car tires are replaced before they grow old.
b) Drivers often become overconfident after their cars have passed a thorough safety
c) The roads in provinces and states with stringent car safety programs are far more congested
and therefore dangerous than in other provinces and states.
d) Psychological studies show that drivers who regularly wear seat belts often come to think of
themselves as serious drivers, which for a few people discourages reckless driving.
e) Provinces and states with stringent car safety requirements have, on average, many more
kilometers of roads then do other provinces and states.
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