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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and

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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2006, 23:19
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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.
(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 00:54
My 10 second answer. C.
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Re: CR_Psychological research indicates.... [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 01:05
mm007 wrote:
Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

This is my answer. The palyers remained hostile even during off-season means that the players were hostile by nature.


(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.
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Re: CR_Psychological research indicates.... [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 01:10
aurobindo wrote:
mm007 wrote:
Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.


This is my answer. The palyers remained hostile even during off-season means that the players were hostile by nature.


(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.


We need an answer that strengthens the research, not the answer that strengthens the criticism.So A is incorrect.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 01:22
i think its A...
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 03:21
A

Football players are hostile through out the year.... then it decribes their nature, thus it had nothing to do with games...
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Re: CR_Psychological research indicates.... [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 03:33
I would go for A, the researchers concluded that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive
A says the players became more hostile during the season, indicating that the games made them that way, thus strengthening their conclusion.

mm007 wrote:
Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.
(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 07:01
I also think its A. what's OA?
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 20:47
I picked C. Everyone else picked A. Can someone chime in?

The reason I picked C is

C establishes credibility for such psycholoical research by citing similar research.
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 [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 23:09
OA is A.
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2006, 05:14
ncprasad wrote:
I picked C. Everyone else picked A. Can someone chime in?

The reason I picked C is

C establishes credibility for such psycholoical research by citing similar research.


Conclusion: The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

The football and hockey players became hostile and stayed hostile in the off-season. They became and stayed hostile means, that there is something to do with nature.

(C) says that there is a great respect for cooperation and team play. This is to a certain extent weaking the conclusion "more hostile and aggressive to start with..."
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2006, 10:38
aurobindo wrote:
ncprasad wrote:
I picked C. Everyone else picked A. Can someone chime in?

The reason I picked C is

C establishes credibility for such psycholoical research by citing similar research.


Conclusion: The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

The football and hockey players became hostile and stayed hostile in the off-season. They became and stayed hostile means, that there is something to do with nature.

(C) says that there is a great respect for cooperation and team play. This is to a certain extent weaking the conclusion "more hostile and aggressive to start with..."


I agree with all of this. But I think the question is asking for something different.

Here's the problem I have. The research psychologists are saying that the agressive behavior is promoted by the contact sport. See below.

Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming

Further along the passage, the author of the passage argues that the research is flawed because the players are agressive by nature.

But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Now, lets look at the question.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

So, we need an answer that refutes the criticism leveled at the research by the author of the passage. That is, we need to weaken the argument "The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers."

Lets look at A.

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

A strengthens the author's argument against the research. So, it cannot be the answer.

May be I am missing something obvious here ???
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Last edited by ncp on 12 Dec 2006, 10:42, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2006, 10:40
Late but A
  [#permalink] 12 Dec 2006, 10:40
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