Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 24 Oct 2014, 17:28

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
3 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 293
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 29 [3] , given: 75

Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 01 Feb 2013, 22:52
3
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

27% (02:38) correct 73% (01:51) wrong based on 611 sessions
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

YOU CAN, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN


Last edited by greatps24 on 02 Feb 2013, 04:09, edited 1 time in total.
2 KUDOS received
GMAT Pill Representative
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 346
Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Followers: 141

Kudos [?]: 187 [2] , given: 4

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2013, 08:37
2
This post received
KUDOS
Hi Darmody,

I think your struggling because you've not totally grasped the question.

As the other guys have said, it asks for 'least strngthen' - this does not mean 'weaken'.

So in other words, we want something that strengthens the argument a little bit. NOT something that weakens...

Cheers,
James
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0



... and more

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 28 Apr 2012
Posts: 310
Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q48 V31
GMAT 2: 770 Q50 V47
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 13

Kudos [?]: 199 [1] , given: 142

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 03:48
1
This post received
KUDOS
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Premise 1: Photographic memory is supposed by media and ill-informed some scientists
Premise 2: The particpants of a top notch competition have same brain structure as of general population.
Premise 2: The particpants of a top notch competition have cognitive abilities comparable with that of general population.
Conclusion : photographic memory is a myth


Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.
Strengthens - This option eliminates the possibility that the psychologist was using a wrong sample.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.
Strengthens - This option validates the truth of Premise 2.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.
Strengthens - This option validates the truth of Premise 3.

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
Strengthens Slightly- This option eliminates the possibility of prejudice for the adjective "ill-informed" in Premise 1.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
Doesn't Help the argument.

is it E ?
_________________

"Appreciation is a wonderful thing. It makes what is excellent in others belong to us as well."
― Voltaire


Press Kudos, if I have helped.
Thanks!

shit-happens-my-journey-to-172475.html#p1372807

1 KUDOS received
Current Student
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 1097
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 274 [1] , given: 67

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 06:15
1
This post received
KUDOS
Hi
really excellent question.
Conclusion:Photographic memory is just a myth.
Premise: Top competitors at the competition have qualities comparable to the normal public.
Two characteristics of top competitors are presented.

Prethinking Assumption: The top competitors of the national competition are considered representative of excellent memory or If the photographic memory would have existed, than it would have been a criteria for qualifying in the competition (I mean if photographic memory existed , than for sure top competitors would have the foresaid quality).


Think of a kid who justifies his lower score by comparing his score to the the scores of toppers in his class. The argument is on similar lines.

Moreover, The stem asks which of the option Least Strengthen, ie the correct must also strengthen the argument.

B and C cannot strenghten the argument, hence can be rejected at first glance (They just repeat the characterstics, which is stated in the argumnet....not bringing new idea, hence cannot strengthen)

A is the most lucid assumption.....hence it strengthens, E also mentions one of the assumption, hence must strengthen.

D strengthens but least among all 3 correct options. It just states the scientist who proposed the photographic memory is widely discredited.
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Dec 2012
Posts: 395
Location: India
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 192 [1] , given: 10

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 17:39
1
This post received
KUDOS
There is one problem with the question. The question asks for a choice that least strengthens the argument. So one would expect that all the choices strengthen the argument though to varying extents. But we have, for example, choice B which actually weakens the argument.

I agree though that D is the best choice among those that strengthen the argument.
_________________

Srinivasan Vaidyaraman
Sravna Test Prep
http://www.sravna.com

Classroom Courses in Chennai
Online and Correspondence Courses

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Feb 2012
Posts: 117
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 56

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 03:22
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.-Strengthen

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.-Strengthen

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.-Out of scope

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.-Out of scope

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.--Correct

Anyone shed light on it................

Rgds
Prasannajeet
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1227
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 717 [0], given: 116

Premium Member
Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 03:41
Actually, the option that is out of scope is in fact the correct answer..

It is a tough call between D & E. However, I will go with D... Will explain if correct...
_________________

Did you find this post helpful?... Please let me know through the Kudos button.

Thanks To The Almighty - My GMAT Debrief

GMAT Reading Comprehension: 7 Most Common Passage Types

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 293
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 75

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 04:32
Posted OA.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

_________________

YOU CAN, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN

Expert Post
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 2444
Followers: 312

Kudos [?]: 2622 [0], given: 697

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 18:11
Expert's post
A tricky one but not so tricky.

Narrowed the options between B and D. B weaken the argumen the argument

But we want something that strengthen the argument but not so much, or at least is neutral. D is really good as answer :)
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS
Quant: 1. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 2. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 3. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version
Verbal:1. Best EXTERNAL resources to tackle the GMAT Verbal Section 2. e-GMAT's ALL CR topics-Consolidated 3. New Critical Reasoning question bank by carcass 4. Meaning/Clarity SC Question Bank by Carcass_Souvik 5. e-GMAT's ALL SC topics-Consolidated-2nd Edition 6. The best reading to improve Reading Comprehension 7.Verbal question bank and Directories

Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1227
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 717 [0], given: 116

Premium Member
Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 21:34
SravnaTestPrep wrote:
There is one problem with the question. The question asks for a choice that least strengthens the argument. So one would expect that all the choices strengthen the argument though to varying extents. But we have, for example, choice B which actually weakens the argument.

I agree though that D is the best choice among those that strengthen the argument.


But how does B weaken the argument?

The psychologist concludes that photographic memory is a myth based on the fact that the competitors have brains which are not different from regular people.

But who is to say that people with photographic memory should have brains that are different from regular people. Their brains might look the same and yet they might still have photographic memory.

Choice B addresses to this point and hence strengthens the argument.

Thoughts?
_________________

Did you find this post helpful?... Please let me know through the Kudos button.

Thanks To The Almighty - My GMAT Debrief

GMAT Reading Comprehension: 7 Most Common Passage Types

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Dec 2012
Posts: 395
Location: India
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 192 [0], given: 10

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 22:37
MacFauz wrote:
SravnaTestPrep wrote:
There is one problem with the question. The question asks for a choice that least strengthens the argument. So one would expect that all the choices strengthen the argument though to varying extents. But we have, for example, choice B which actually weakens the argument.

I agree though that D is the best choice among those that strengthen the argument.


But how does B weaken the argument?

The psychologist concludes that photographic memory is a myth based on the fact that the competitors have brains which are not different from regular people.

But who is to say that people with photographic memory should have brains that are different from regular people. Their brains might look the same and yet they might still have photographic memory.

Choice B addresses to this point and hence strengthens the argument.

Thoughts?


Dear MacFauz,

There are actually two premises.

1) people with photographic memory have brains that are different from normal people.
2) Those who contest the memory competition do not have brains that are different from normal people.

Conclusion: Photographic memory is a myth.

You cannot reach this conclusion if it were true that people with photographic memory indeed have brains that are different from normal people. This would weaken the assumption of the second premise that those who contest the memory competition possess photographic memory and hence weaken the argument
_________________

Srinivasan Vaidyaraman
Sravna Test Prep
http://www.sravna.com

Classroom Courses in Chennai
Online and Correspondence Courses

Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1227
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 717 [0], given: 116

Premium Member
Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 23:07
SravnaTestPrep wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
SravnaTestPrep wrote:
There is one problem with the question. The question asks for a choice that least strengthens the argument. So one would expect that all the choices strengthen the argument though to varying extents. But we have, for example, choice B which actually weakens the argument.

I agree though that D is the best choice among those that strengthen the argument.


But how does B weaken the argument?

The psychologist concludes that photographic memory is a myth based on the fact that the competitors have brains which are not different from regular people.

But who is to say that people with photographic memory should have brains that are different from regular people. Their brains might look the same and yet they might still have photographic memory.

Choice B addresses to this point and hence strengthens the argument.

Thoughts?


Dear MacFauz,

There are actually two premises.

1) people with photographic memory have brains that are different from normal people.
2) Those who contest the memory competition do not have brains that are different from normal people.

Conclusion: Photographic memory is a myth.

You cannot reach this conclusion if it were true that people with photographic memory indeed have brains that are different from normal people. This would weaken the assumption of the second premise that those who contest the memory competition possess photographic memory and hence weaken the argument


But is not "people with photographic memory have brains that are different from normal people" an assumption?.. The argument itself does not say this.. If people with photographic memory WOULD HAVE had brains that are different from normal people then the author's conclusion is justified.. Since the competitors have brains no different from the average person, they do NOT possess photographic memory..

What do you feel?
_________________

Did you find this post helpful?... Please let me know through the Kudos button.

Thanks To The Almighty - My GMAT Debrief

GMAT Reading Comprehension: 7 Most Common Passage Types

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Dec 2012
Posts: 395
Location: India
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 192 [0], given: 10

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2013, 23:19
Dear MacFauz,

If Choice B which is, "People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population", were true it would undermine the authors's assumption. The assumption is people who contest the memory competition have photographic memory. The truth of choice B would make this assumption invalid.
_________________

Srinivasan Vaidyaraman
Sravna Test Prep
http://www.sravna.com

Classroom Courses in Chennai
Online and Correspondence Courses

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Dec 2012
Posts: 56
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 6

Re: Tricky CR (Challenge for experts): Photographic memory [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2013, 07:57
I chose C, and still I don't agree with the OA...

C) Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.

This weakens the argument of the psychologist. Indeed, if photographic memories requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average then the cognitive abilities of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship could have been simply not high enough to prove the photographic memory thing and so the argument of the psychologist is weakened.

On the other side answer D strengthens the main argument of the psychologist (which is that photographic memory does not exist) even though it is not relevant to his proof.
Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 May 2011
Posts: 324
WE 1: IT 1 Yr
WE 2: Supply Chain 5 Yrs
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 136 [0], given: 11

Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2013, 02:25
I am just wondering if this one represents real GMAT Q type, as i remember from PowerScore CR bible that in Strengthen Except/Least question, 4 incorrect answers strengthen the conclusion with correct one either has no effect or weaken the conclusion.
Any thoughts?
Expert Post
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 2444
Followers: 312

Kudos [?]: 2622 [0], given: 697

Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2013, 05:30
Expert's post
BDSunDevil wrote:
I am just wondering if this one represents real GMAT Q type, as i remember from PowerScore CR bible that in Strengthen Except/Least question, 4 incorrect answers strengthen the conclusion with correct one either has no effect or weaken the conclusion.
Any thoughts?



In my opinion Power score is obsolete
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS
Quant: 1. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 2. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 3. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version
Verbal:1. Best EXTERNAL resources to tackle the GMAT Verbal Section 2. e-GMAT's ALL CR topics-Consolidated 3. New Critical Reasoning question bank by carcass 4. Meaning/Clarity SC Question Bank by Carcass_Souvik 5. e-GMAT's ALL SC topics-Consolidated-2nd Edition 6. The best reading to improve Reading Comprehension 7.Verbal question bank and Directories

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 367
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 291

Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 02:02
Can somebody explain what E actually means. I am having a hard time understanding it.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Sep 2012
Posts: 24
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 7

Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 03:47
greatps24 wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.


Excellent question!

Don't all the options strengthen the argument but in varying degrees? But only D least strengthens.

And was confused by the word least strengthen.. as per powerscore it says that only 1 option least strengthens!!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Apr 2013
Posts: 153
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 36

Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 06:08
greatps24 wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.


Experts need to comment on ..."Least Strengthen" or "Least weaken".

In my opinion, anything that is irrelevant or weakens the conclusion/premise is "Least Strengthen"....and vice versa for "Least weaken"

Options B & C can be either strengthening or weakening based on assumption each individual perceives.

B & C (Weaken) - When we are sure that "photographic memories have better brains & cognitive abilities, the assumption is that.......there might be some people out there but not in the current selection who have such memory...So photographic memory is not a myth"

B & C ( Strengthen) - Assumption is ---Requirement for photographic memory is better brain & congnitive ability and we considered the best sample in a lot who have a higher chance of photographic memory and even these people dont have different brains or cognitive abilities....So photographic memory doesnt exist and it might be a myth

D is only irrelevant option.

In my opinion, this argument needs to many assumptions to arrive at the correct answer. So I dont think this is a good question overall...I may be completely wrong. I will wait for some experts such as veritas , e-gmat, mike etc to comment.
_________________

Maadhu

MGMAT1 - 540 ( Trying to improve )


Last edited by maaadhu on 15 Oct 2013, 06:35, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Apr 2013
Posts: 61
Concentration: Human Resources, International Business
GMAT 1: 570 Q44 V25
GPA: 3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 43

Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 06:26
Confusing for sure.

After evaluating all the options, A, B, C strengthen the premise. E is totally out of scope, so it neither weakens the argument nor strengthens it. D, however, slightly strengthens it.

I got it wrong. But after reading the explanations I understood. Thanks!!
Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2013, 06:26
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 Even though energy drinks have gained popularity in the 16-2 anceer 3 24 Aug 2014, 23:13
8 Experts publish their posts in the topic Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some TGC 8 20 Jan 2013, 20:24
1 I have seen some questions where even though siddhans 4 30 May 2011, 17:26
Even though Bela Bartok's music has proved less popular than sher676 3 31 Jul 2009, 15:06
Even though Bla Bartks music has proved less popular than nakib77 6 29 Oct 2005, 05:01
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 26 posts ] 



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.