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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to

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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2006, 06:30
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.

B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.

C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.

D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.

E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.

Last edited by laxieqv on 05 Oct 2006, 06:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Assumption question. need help.. [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2009, 01:17
Assumption 'A' proves the importance of micro-organisms which are important for environment. Premises show that their importance is ignored and hence the campaign will not be successful.

In other words,

Author is assuming that micro-organism are important contributor (micro-organism)and since they are not cared for (sympathized), the campaign will be a failure.

Hope it clarifies.
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1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink] New post 24 Apr 2010, 02:05
Q28)Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
(B) Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
(C) Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
(D) People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
(E) An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink] New post 29 Apr 2010, 07:20
RaviChandra wrote:
Q28)Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
(B) Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
(C) Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
(D) People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
(E) An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.


1. The authors wants to convey that microorganisms are also important role players in ecosysems but it is difficult to campain for them as people do not empathy with them.
2. People Empathy with large animals.

The assumption that links these views is option D
IMO D

Also (A) uses the word 'MOST' , this is over imphasis of one of the point of the argument. I believe this is a trap and one of the incorrect answer types.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink] New post 19 May 2010, 01:49
IMO, D

Author assumes that unless people actually sympathise with the creatures affecting the env problem, those problems would not evoke their concern , thus failing the attempt by the campaign.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink] New post 19 May 2010, 02:38
confused between A & C , could somebody explain that why it can't be C
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink] New post 22 May 2010, 07:23
It was difficult for me to choose b/w A & D. Will eventually go with A coz

The Argument "Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems" connects to the author's focus "it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms" only using A.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink] New post 06 May 2011, 20:59
The conclusion in the stimulus says that:
Publicity campaigns for endangered species(large animals) are unlikely to have much impact
on the most important environmental problems.

Also says that(premises): sympathy to large animals facilitate this campaigns.
which does not have much impact on most of the important Env Problems.

ASSUMPTION:
Which means most of the major/important environmental problems are caused by something other than large organisms.

so what do u think the ans is
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ASSUMPTION QUESTIONS [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2011, 04:35
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
(B) Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
(C) Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
(D) People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
(E) An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
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Re: ASSUMPTION QUESTIONS [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2011, 04:39
Guys All the credit goes to the Powerscore LSAT, This is official Explanation. Let me know if you will have other ideas
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 22:05
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
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Last edited by getgyan on 25 Sep 2012, 00:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 22:27
getgyan wrote:
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals. out of scope
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings. Out of scope
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism. Out of scope
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
This is not relavent

I think the answer is D here.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 22:31
Correct answer should be C and not d

As c gives us assumption that programs are most effective when sympathy can be elicited but d seems a lot out context using strong word such as ignore, it is not mentioned anywhere that ppl ignore it is just that it is not effective

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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 00:55
+1 A

Premise - the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend

Conclusion - Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems

Any option which helps justify the conclusion is our answer

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals. (This is our answer, the argument assumes that the most important environmental problems depends on soil microorganisms)
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings. (Nothing in the argument proves that, they may have emotions, but eliciting to people is difficult)
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism. (“Most” is very strong, we cannot be sure of that)
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize. (Again, people do not always ignore, wordings are very strong)
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture. (“environmentally significant” has not been defined)

:-D
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 01:58
Have seen this question on MGMAT CAT....
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Last edited by methevoid on 25 Sep 2012, 02:23, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:40
when you simplify the argument down to these essentials, you can see that we have to assume (a), i.e., that "the most important environmental problems" don't involve large mammals.

as with other assumptions, you can also REVERSE this one, and see whether the argument falls apart:
the reversal of (a) is "the most important environmental problems DO involve large mammals."
if this is the case, then the argument falls apart, because the sympathy that is normally extended to large mammals will then extrapolate to these important environmental problems.
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2013, 09:43
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture

Need detail explanation................
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2013, 14:06
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 22:38
All duplicate threads on this same topic are merged.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 13:59
Agree with quangviet512. I used the same reasoning.

Hope to get right the difficult ones on the real tesst. :-D
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2013, 18:06
laxieqv wrote:
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.

B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.

C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.

D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.

E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.


I guess C should be the answer; As the passage indirectly stated C , it seems to be the inference not assumption. The Q asked clearly to state the assumption on which the passage DEPENDS. So we need figure out why the author gave importance to endangered species as compared to large mammals ? Yes then it can be A /D . As the option D some irrelevance by discussing people as centre of argument ; the answer is A- which states why the argument on environmental importance of certain species in relation to publicity campaign had started.

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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2013, 18:06
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