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# Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to

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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2006, 06:30
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.

B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.

C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.

D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.

E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.

Last edited by laxieqv on 05 Oct 2006, 06:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2010, 02:33
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RaviChandra wrote:
Q28)Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals. >>> Argument talks about ease of attributing feelings to large animals >>> BUT large ecosystems and agriculture depend on soil microorganisms >>> Unsaid premise is : most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals >>> CORRECT
(B) Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings. >>> Out of scope
(C) Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism. >>> There is no discussion regarding the effectiveness of the campaigns.!!
(D) People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize. >>> It is not unsaid assumption >>> Argument talks about ease of attributing feelings to large animals >>> BUT large ecosystems and agriculture depend on soil microorganisms.
(E) An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture. >>> No discussion on organism being environment friendly or not.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2010, 07:20
RaviChandra wrote:
Q28)Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
(B) Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
(C) Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
(D) People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
(E) An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.

1. The authors wants to convey that microorganisms are also important role players in ecosysems but it is difficult to campain for them as people do not empathy with them.
2. People Empathy with large animals.

The assumption that links these views is option D
IMO D

Also (A) uses the word 'MOST' , this is over imphasis of one of the point of the argument. I believe this is a trap and one of the incorrect answer types.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink]

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19 May 2010, 01:49
IMO, D

Author assumes that unless people actually sympathise with the creatures affecting the env problem, those problems would not evoke their concern , thus failing the attempt by the campaign.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink]

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19 May 2010, 02:38
confused between A & C , could somebody explain that why it can't be C
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink]

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22 May 2010, 07:23
It was difficult for me to choose b/w A & D. Will eventually go with A coz

The Argument "Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems" connects to the author's focus "it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms" only using A.
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Re: 1000CR:Publicity campaigns [#permalink]

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06 May 2011, 20:59
The conclusion in the stimulus says that:
Publicity campaigns for endangered species(large animals) are unlikely to have much impact
on the most important environmental problems.

Also says that(premises): sympathy to large animals facilitate this campaigns.
which does not have much impact on most of the important Env Problems.

ASSUMPTION:
Which means most of the major/important environmental problems are caused by something other than large organisms.

so what do u think the ans is
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01 Sep 2011, 04:35
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
(B) Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
(C) Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
(D) People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
(E) An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
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Re: ASSUMPTION QUESTIONS [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 04:37
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This is a challenging problem because two of the wrong answer choices are attractive. The argument itself is not overly complex, but you must pay attention to the language. Consider the conclusion of the argument:

“Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems.”

Ask yourself, why is it that these campaigns are unlikely to have much impact on the most important problems? According to the premises, the reason is that “it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms [than large mammals].” The reasoning shows that the author believes there is a connection between the important problems and organisms that are not large mammals. This Supporter connection is perfectly reflected in

Answer choice (A), the correct answer. Again, when faced with an Assumption question, remember to look for connections between rogue elements in the argument, and then seek that connection in the answer choices.
Answer choice (B): The argument is about eliciting sympathy, and no assumption is made about microorganisms experiencing pain.
Answer choice (C): This is a Shell Game answer. The conclusion is specific about “publicity campaigns for endangered species” as they relate to environmental problems. This answer refers to “publicity campaigns” in general—a different concept. It may be that the most effective publicity campaign for the environment has nothing to do with organisms. Consequently, this answer is not an assumption of the argument.

Answer choice (D): This answer choice is worded too strongly and is an Exaggerated answer. “Ignore” goes further than what the author implies. The author indicates that it is “more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms,” but the author does not say it is impossible to get sympathy from individuals if a non-large mammal is involved. Further, the argument is specific about the impact on the “most important” problems, and this answer goes well beyond that domain.

Answer choice (E): The microorganisms discussed at the end of the argument are an example (“such as”);
therefore, the author does not assume this type of relationship must be true in order for the conclusion to be
true.
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Re: ASSUMPTION QUESTIONS [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 04:39
Guys All the credit goes to the Powerscore LSAT, This is official Explanation. Let me know if you will have other ideas
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 22:05
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
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Last edited by getgyan on 25 Sep 2012, 00:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 22:27
getgyan wrote:
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals. out of scope
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings. Out of scope
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism. Out of scope
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
This is not relavent

I think the answer is D here.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 22:31
Correct answer should be C and not d

As c gives us assumption that programs are most effective when sympathy can be elicited but d seems a lot out context using strong word such as ignore, it is not mentioned anywhere that ppl ignore it is just that it is not effective

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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 00:55
+1 A

Premise - the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend

Conclusion - Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems

Any option which helps justify the conclusion is our answer

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals. (This is our answer, the argument assumes that the most important environmental problems depends on soil microorganisms)
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings. (Nothing in the argument proves that, they may have emotions, but eliciting to people is difficult)
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism. (“Most” is very strong, we cannot be sure of that)
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize. (Again, people do not always ignore, wordings are very strong)
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture. (“environmentally significant” has not been defined)

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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 01:58
Have seen this question on MGMAT CAT....
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 10:40
when you simplify the argument down to these essentials, you can see that we have to assume (a), i.e., that "the most important environmental problems" don't involve large mammals.

as with other assumptions, you can also REVERSE this one, and see whether the argument falls apart:
the reversal of (a) is "the most important environmental problems DO involve large mammals."
if this is the case, then the argument falls apart, because the sympathy that is normally extended to large mammals will then extrapolate to these important environmental problems.
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2013, 09:43
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture

Need detail explanation................
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2013, 14:06
what is the source of the question ?? is not a good question for me.

The stimulus is structured in a long sentence where is difficult (or is still cumbersome) to spot the conclusion. Not a good question.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2013, 22:38
All duplicate threads on this same topic are merged.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2013, 13:59
Agree with quangviet512. I used the same reasoning.

Hope to get right the difficult ones on the real tesst.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2013, 18:06
laxieqv wrote:
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.

B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.

C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.

D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.

E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.

I guess C should be the answer; As the passage indirectly stated C , it seems to be the inference not assumption. The Q asked clearly to state the assumption on which the passage DEPENDS. So we need figure out why the author gave importance to endangered species as compared to large mammals ? Yes then it can be A /D . As the option D some irrelevance by discussing people as centre of argument ; the answer is A- which states why the argument on environmental importance of certain species in relation to publicity campaign had started.

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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2013, 18:06

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