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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to

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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2006, 06:30
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.

B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.

C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.

D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.

E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.

Last edited by laxieqv on 05 Oct 2006, 06:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2014, 08:54
Do you think option A should be "Most of the environmental problems..."
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Re: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2014, 22:53
A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
- this is correct, because it fills in the missing link between the premises and the conclusion. The premises discuss the difficulty of eliciting sympathy for types of organisms other than large mammals, which leads the author to conclude that publicity campaigns are unlikely to have an impact on the most important environmental problem. However, it fails to address if the most important environmental problems involve mostly large mammals or not.

B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
-This is completely outside the scope and has nothing to do with the conclusion.

C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
-Just because they are most effective when they elicit sympathy doesn't mean that they are not effective when they do not.

D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
- not really saying anything, because we still don't know if the most important problems involve large mammals or not

E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.
-classifying organisms as environmentally significant or not is outside the scope.
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Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2014, 08:29
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to have much impact on the most important environmental problems, for while the ease of attributing feelings to large mammals facilitates evoking sympathy for them, it is more difficult to elicit sympathy for other kinds of organisms, such as the soil microorganisms on which large ecosystems and agriculture depend.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The most important environmental problems involve endangered species other than large mammals.
B. Microorganisms cannot experience pain or have other feelings.
C. Publicity campaigns for the environment are the most effective when they elicit sympathy for some organism.
D. People ignore environmental problems unless they believe the problems will affect creatures with which they sympathize.
E. An organism can be environmentally significant only if it affects large ecosystems or agriculture.


That is a tricky question, OA is A.

I think the real challenge here is to identify the conclusion, which is that publicity campaigns for endangered species are not likely to work.
Once we know that, let's go through the answers to find something on which this argment relies.

A- CORRECT- if the endangered species in question were actually mammals, then the campaign would be a success as the premise says that it attracts sympathy from the cause... etc (Notice that i've used the negation technique to check out weather the conclusion relies on this assumption. if the contrary of A destroys the conclusion then it must be an assumption on which the conclusion depends)

B- Wrong - This is not relevant as the point is that it is more difficult for anyone to feel sympathy towards these living beings compared to mammals

C- Wrong - this answer is out of scope, it looks like it is trying to tell us that, in order to fight environmental problems, it is better to talk about endangered organism. Yes, it is true but we're looking for something to compare mammals and some microorganism, not both of them and something else.

D- Wrong - the word ignore is too strong, it is not about whether they ignore it but more about which is effective and in this case why it will be uneffective because its hard to elicit sympathy toward microorganism.

E- Wrong- this contradicts the premise that microorganism are important because much of the bigger organism rely on them.

I tried to explain clearly even though it is a tricky one but I Hope it helps.

If yes share your kudos it's good for karma =)
Cheers.
Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely to   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2014, 08:29

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