Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot,

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Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2010, 04:13
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Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone that were to set the theme for his later works.

A. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone

B. First attributed to George Eliot, Hardy won immediate success upon publishing Far from the Maddening Crowd; in it are combined an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones

C. Far from the Maddening Crowd was published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, and also won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone

D. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd, combing an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones, won Hardy immediate success

E. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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27 Jun 2010, 04:19
i think it it is (e)
(D) and (E) are most likely, but (D) correctly gives the reason for Hardy's success, i.e., the exceptional plot of the book
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2010, 05:39
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone that were to set the theme for his later works.

A. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone
Combining both x with y and n with m--> should be used
combining both x with y that were set--> is wrong

B. First attributed to George Eliot, Hardy won immediate success upon publishing Far from the Maddening Crowd; in it are combined an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
the sentence after semi colon is awkward and unnecessarily lengthy.
"are" is wrong....x is combined with y....it should be singular

C. Far from the Maddening Crowd was published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, and also won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone
", and" should be followed by a clause-> also won hardy.... does not have a subject.
also the use of "it' after ';' is ambiguous. It could refer to either success or far from the maddening crowd.
Sarai please correct me on this use of 'it' whether it is ambiguous or not. As 'it' is placed near to success but since it was separated by semicolon "it" can refer to both.

D. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd, combing an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones, won Hardy immediate success
The sentence construction is wrong...."Far from the Maddening Crowd" seems to modify "Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot"

E. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
Modifier, subject + verb ; clause

Sarai I have 2 doubts,

1. Use of 'it' in C and E? Is it ambiguous or not? I m confused just because of the semi colon. Should we take the nearest antecedent only?
2. In D ',' has been used 4 times. ',' is used to separate non essential modifiers , so how to approach D option in your opinion.

Please correct me in my explanations above where ever I m wrong.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2010, 01:48
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gurpreetsingh wrote:
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone that were to set the theme for his later works.

A. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone
Combining both x with y and n with m--> should be used
combining both x with y that were set--> is wrong

B. First attributed to George Eliot, Hardy won immediate success upon publishing Far from the Maddening Crowd; in it are combined an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
the sentence after semi colon is awkward and unnecessarily lengthy.
"are" is wrong....x is combined with y....it should be singular

C. Far from the Maddening Crowd was published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, and also won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone
", and" should be followed by a clause-> also won hardy.... does not have a subject.
also the use of "it' after ';' is ambiguous. It could refer to either success or far from the maddening crowd.
Sarai please correct me on this use of 'it' whether it is ambiguous or not. As 'it' is placed near to success but since it was separated by semicolon "it" can refer to both.

D. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd, combing an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones, won Hardy immediate success
The sentence construction is wrong...."Far from the Maddening Crowd" seems to modify "Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot"

E. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
Modifier, subject + verb ; clause

Sarai I have 2 doubts,

1. Use of 'it' in C and E? Is it ambiguous or not? I m confused just because of the semi colon. Should we take the nearest antecedent only?
2. In D ',' has been used 4 times. ',' is used to separate non essential modifiers , so how to approach D option in your opinion.

Please correct me in my explanations above where ever I m wrong.

Hi gurpreetsingh,

The answer is indeed E, and you've analyzed the answer choices well!

To answer your first question, only for relative pronouns (that, which, who, whom, and whose) does proximity to the referent matter. So ambiguity is not an issue here.

As for your second question, a sentence can have any number of commas; "too many commas" would never be reason to eliminate an answer, so let's analyze the answers again:

Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone that were to set the theme for his later works.

A. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone

Idiom: Both A and B. "and" cannot be replaced with any word once you have the word "both".

"that were to set the the theme..."= relative clause referring to "overtone"; but "overtone" is singular, "were" plural.

B. First attributed to George Eliot, Hardy won immediate success upon publishing Far from the Maddening Crowd; in it are combined an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones

Subject modifier: Hardy (subject) cannot be described by the modifier "attributed to George Eliot." The book, not the author, was attributed.

C. Far from the Maddening Crowd was published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, and also won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone

There are only two occasions on which a comma appears before the word 'and':

1) Independent clause [,and] Independent clause
Ex. I eat steak, and my brother eats fish.

2) A list: a, b [, and] c
I like steak, fish, and chicken.
There is no other way to punctuate a list on the SC. You can and must use the word 'and' only once!

Again, "overtone" is singular, "that were" plural.

D. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd, combing an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones, won Hardy immediate success

The relative clause, "that were to set the theme," is nowhere near the word "overtones" to which it should refer.

E. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones

Correct: "Published..." = subject modifier.
"Far from the Maddening Crowd" = subject (the thing that was published)
Idiom: Both A and B
Relative clause, "that were to set...." correctly placed next to plural referent, "overtones"

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30 Jun 2010, 04:28
Awesome explanation about "and"

Thanks Sarai !
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30 Jun 2010, 09:00
this was a fun one.

my strategy to quickly tackle this is to notice that this SC is testing for:

1) intro modifier ... we're modifying a piece of work here, not a person... so elminate B
2) "that were..." at the end (which is NOT underlined) signals a plural form of the subject that this relative clause modifies... so eliminate A, C, D.

This leaves you with (E)... then read (E) again to make sure everything sounds kosher
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30 Jun 2010, 20:00
Excellent Explanation Sarai... +1 kudos to u...
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01 Jul 2010, 09:40
Thank you for the explanation!
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01 Jul 2010, 10:57
Thanks sarai for the wonderful explanation.
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04 Sep 2011, 03:03
a tough question indeed. i was able to answer correctly though i took well over 2mins to answer.
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04 Sep 2011, 18:56
+1 for E, in 2+ min.

Good question.

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05 Sep 2011, 04:25
It was mainly between D and E, but to what does 'it' refer to in E? Can we say with confirmation that it refers to the book because it was in a clause before ';'?
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05 Sep 2011, 04:36
E. I did it correctly. This was tough
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10 Sep 2011, 10:09
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
gurpreetsingh wrote:
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone that were to set the theme for his later works.

A. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone
Combining both x with y and n with m--> should be used
combining both x with y that were set--> is wrong

B. First attributed to George Eliot, Hardy won immediate success upon publishing Far from the Maddening Crowd; in it are combined an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
the sentence after semi colon is awkward and unnecessarily lengthy.
"are" is wrong....x is combined with y....it should be singular

C. Far from the Maddening Crowd was published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, and also won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone
", and" should be followed by a clause-> also won hardy.... does not have a subject.
also the use of "it' after ';' is ambiguous. It could refer to either success or far from the maddening crowd.
Sarai please correct me on this use of 'it' whether it is ambiguous or not. As 'it' is placed near to success but since it was separated by semicolon "it" can refer to both.

D. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd, combing an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones, won Hardy immediate success
The sentence construction is wrong...."Far from the Maddening Crowd" seems to modify "Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot"

E. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones
Modifier, subject + verb ; clause

Sarai I have 2 doubts,

1. Use of 'it' in C and E? Is it ambiguous or not? I m confused just because of the semi colon. Should we take the nearest antecedent only?
2. In D ',' has been used 4 times. ',' is used to separate non essential modifiers , so how to approach D option in your opinion.

Please correct me in my explanations above where ever I m wrong.

Hi gurpreetsingh,

The answer is indeed E, and you've analyzed the answer choices well!

To answer your first question, only for relative pronouns (that, which, who, whom, and whose) does proximity to the referent matter. So ambiguity is not an issue here.

As for your second question, a sentence can have any number of commas; "too many commas" would never be reason to eliminate an answer, so let's analyze the answers again:

Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone that were to set the theme for his later works.

A. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success, combining both an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone

Idiom: Both A and B. "and" cannot be replaced with any word once you have the word "both".

"that were to set the the theme..."= relative clause referring to "overtone"; but "overtone" is singular, "were" plural.

B. First attributed to George Eliot, Hardy won immediate success upon publishing Far from the Maddening Crowd; in it are combined an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones

Subject modifier: Hardy (subject) cannot be described by the modifier "attributed to George Eliot." The book, not the author, was attributed.

C. Far from the Maddening Crowd was published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, and also won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtone

There are only two occasions on which a comma appears before the word 'and':

1) Independent clause [,and] Independent clause
Ex. I eat steak, and my brother eats fish.

2) A list: a, b [, and] c
I like steak, fish, and chicken.
There is no other way to punctuate a list on the SC. You can and must use the word 'and' only once!

Again, "overtone" is singular, "that were" plural.

D. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd, combing an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones, won Hardy immediate success

The relative clause, "that were to set the theme," is nowhere near the word "overtones" to which it should refer.

E. Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot, Far from the Maddening Crowd won Hardy immediate success; it combines an architecturally perfect plot with the philosophical overtones

Correct: "Published..." = subject modifier.
"Far from the Maddening Crowd" = subject (the thing that was published)
Idiom: Both A and B
Relative clause, "that were to set...." correctly placed next to plural referent, "overtones"

Excellent explnation. Very informative post.
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10 Sep 2011, 10:38
yup.. i agree... helped me brush up a few pointers...
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10 Sep 2011, 20:03
+1E

Not an ideal sentence, but it is the best.
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10 Sep 2011, 21:03
I am still confused with the 'it' in D.......so after semicolon if we use 'it'....it will refer to the previous sentence noun ??
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10 Sep 2011, 21:15
Sarai.....can you explain the use of ',and' in this sentence.......does use of 'as such' still makes it an independant clause or it is incorrect......

Caesarea was Herod’s city, founded as a Romanized counterweight to Hebraic Jerusalem, and
as such it was regarded with loathing by the devout.
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12 Sep 2011, 21:41
I picked D but now I understand why the correct answer is E.
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25 Sep 2011, 22:56
I'll go with E.
Another take away idiom are ->
1. combining both X with A and Y with B, and
2. combining X with A.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2011, 22:56

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# Published anonymously and first attributed to George Eliot,

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