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Q 19. Aroca City currently funds its public schools through

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Q 19. Aroca City currently funds its public schools through [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2005, 13:49
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions
Q 19.

Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city. Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.
In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2005, 14:13
A

The other thing that I found similar was D - but I don't think the first boldfacing is a claim that the argument seeks to refute from the beginning (otherwise there would be words to that effect - "critics incorrectly protest" or something like that).
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2005, 15:20
I go for a by outruling the others.

Starting with E)
The argument clearly does not accept the claim. also not with reservation. It's against the replacement of the current taxes with sales taxes. The second one does not really address this issue directly. It presents a different claim, namely, that the sales tax will be high due to increasing numbers of shops blah blah.

D)
This almost does the job. but not quite. The first part may be true, but the second definitely not. The second part does not show that the claim is false. it merely states, that retail sales will increase... one could induce that it will lead to more sales tax and might recoup the current funds being withdrawn. But its does not say, that it is false. There is no indication, that the increase in sales will completely cover the current funding.

C)
totaly wrong. the second part does nothing close to endorse the criticism above. if anything, it does the opposite.

B)
There actually is no alternative plan. The issue is: Plan 1: exchange current funding with sales tax. Will it work or not?... there is no indication of an alternative plan.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2005, 20:07
A for me, along with the others!!! 8-)
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2005, 10:55
you got it right . A is the OA.
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  [#permalink] 09 Oct 2005, 10:55
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Q 19. Aroca City currently funds its public schools through

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