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Q) People who have specialized knowledge about a scientific

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Q) People who have specialized knowledge about a scientific [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2009, 06:55
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

38% (02:28) correct 61% (01:35) wrong based on 13 sessions
Q) People who have specialized knowledge about a scientific or technical issue are systematically excluded from juries for trials where the issue is relevant. Thus, trial by jury is not a fair means of settling disputes involving such issues.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) The more complicated the issue being litigated, the less likely it is that a juror without specialized knowledge of the field involved will be able to comprehend the testimony being given.
(B) The more a juror knows about a particular scientific or technical issue involved in a trial, the more likely it is that the juror will be prejudiced in favor of one of the litigating parties before the trial begins.
(C) Appointing an impartial arbitrator is not a fair means of settling disputes involving scientific or technical issues, because arbitrators tend to favor settlements in which both parties compromise on the issues.
(D) Experts who give testimony on scientific or technical issues tend to hedge the conclusions by discussing the possibility of error.
(E) Expert witnesses in specialized fields often command fees that are so high that many people involved in litigation cannot afford their services.
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2009, 07:53
jade3 wrote:
Q) People who have specialized knowledge about a scientific or technical issue are systematically excluded from juries for trials where the issue is relevant. Thus, trial by jury is not a fair means of settling disputes involving such issues.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) The more complicated the issue being litigated, the less likely it is that a juror without specialized knowledge of the field involved will be able to comprehend the testimony being given.
(B) The more a juror knows about a particular scientific or technical issue involved in a trial, the more likely it is that the juror will be prejudiced in favor of one of the litigating parties before the trial begins.
(C) Appointing an impartial arbitrator is not a fair means of settling disputes involving scientific or technical issues, because arbitrators tend to favor settlements in which both parties compromise on the issues.
(D) Experts who give testimony on scientific or technical issues tend to hedge the conclusions by discussing the possibility of error.
(E) Expert witnesses in specialized fields often command fees that are so high that many people involved in litigation cannot afford their services.



I Choose 'B'
Here, to weaken the conclusion attack the premises.
If the specialized knowledge is likely to make a juror prejudice, then they should be excluded from the jury. So, trial by jury is not an unfair means but exclusion of juror with specialized knowledge is making it (trial by jury) more fair.
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2009, 10:38
jade3 wrote:
Q) People who have specialized knowledge about a scientific or technical issue are systematically excluded from juries for trials where the issue is relevant. Thus, trial by jury is not a fair means of settling disputes involving such issues.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) The more complicated the issue being litigated, the less likely it is that a juror without specialized knowledge of the field involved will be able to comprehend the testimony being given.
(B) The more a juror knows about a particular scientific or technical issue involved in a trial, the more likely it is that the juror will be prejudiced in favor of one of the litigating parties before the trial begins.
(C) Appointing an impartial arbitrator is not a fair means of settling disputes involving scientific or technical issues, because arbitrators tend to favor settlements in which both parties compromise on the issues.
(D) Experts who give testimony on scientific or technical issues tend to hedge the conclusions by discussing the possibility of error.
(E) Expert witnesses in specialized fields often command fees that are so high that many people involved in litigation cannot afford their services.



I choose B.

A - strenghten; C - irrelevant; D - seems good, but out of scope; E - irrelevant.
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2009, 11:56
Expert's post
Choice B looks correct. After reading B, it becomes clear that the author's premise is incomplete and misguided.
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2009, 22:43
The OA is B
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2009, 07:18
IMO B
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2009, 18:07
encountered this question in one practice test somewhere. Chose B at that time and will choose it again.
A) untrue
B) weakens because it provides justification of why skilled person is not part of such jury.
C) outside
D) outside of scope
E) irrelevant.
jade3 wrote:
Q) People who have specialized knowledge about a scientific or technical issue are systematically excluded from juries for trials where the issue is relevant. Thus, trial by jury is not a fair means of settling disputes involving such issues.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) The more complicated the issue being litigated, the less likely it is that a juror without specialized knowledge of the field involved will be able to comprehend the testimony being given.
(B) The more a juror knows about a particular scientific or technical issue involved in a trial, the more likely it is that the juror will be prejudiced in favor of one of the litigating parties before the trial begins.
(C) Appointing an impartial arbitrator is not a fair means of settling disputes involving scientific or technical issues, because arbitrators tend to favor settlements in which both parties compromise on the issues.
(D) Experts who give testimony on scientific or technical issues tend to hedge the conclusions by discussing the possibility of error.
(E) Expert witnesses in specialized fields often command fees that are so high that many people involved in litigation cannot afford their services.

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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2009, 00:35
My guess is B
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury [#permalink] New post 25 Dec 2010, 06:48
Amazing Question . I understand that B is the answer but really confused me for a while. Shouldn't this question be in the 700+ level ?
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Re: Spec Knowledge-Jury   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2010, 06:48
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