Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 30 Aug 2016, 08:07

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1723
Location: Dhaka
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 252 [4] , given: 0

Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2005, 13:27
4
KUDOS
23
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (02:31) correct 34% (01:38) wrong based on 1173 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

hey ya......

Director
Joined: 21 Aug 2005
Posts: 793
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2005, 18:29
C is best.

'Account for' is the correct idiom. Others sound awkward or use invalid pronouns.
SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1890
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 256 [0], given: 0

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2005, 22:38
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

A is wrong with the tense "accounts".
The use of semicolon in B is wrong because it seperates the two related clauses.
D is wrong with the incorrect usage of comma and changing the main verb " account" into "accounting for"
E is wrong coz it makes the sentence lack of main verb.
I'm left with C.
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5239
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 320 [0], given: 0

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Oct 2005, 05:09
By POE it must be C.

A. accounts- wrong verb tense
B. use of the semicolon distorts the overall meaning
D. comma after heavily makes the sentence illogical.
E. with the remainder of it coming is grammatically incorrect
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1723
Location: Dhaka
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 252 [0], given: 0

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Oct 2005, 06:05
Good job guys. OA is C.
_________________

hey ya......

SVP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1558
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 499 [1] , given: 6

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2010, 12:08
1
KUDOS
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - CORRECT
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
Director
Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
Joined: 22 Jul 2012
Posts: 547
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q43 V34
GMAT 2: 630 Q47 V29
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 52 [1] , given: 562

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jan 2013, 05:34
1
KUDOS
in C , what type of modifier is the following modifer : 'the remainder of the increase coming...'

kindly help..
_________________

hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things. And no good thing ever dies.

Who says you need a 700 ?Check this out : http://gmatclub.com/forum/who-says-you-need-a-149706.html#p1201595

My GMAT Journey : http://gmatclub.com/forum/end-of-my-gmat-journey-149328.html#p1197992

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 340

Kudos [?]: 1770 [9] , given: 82

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jan 2013, 22:20
9
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi Sachin9,

The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules
_________________

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1332
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 768

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2013, 02:25
C is structure with absolute phrase.

main clause, +absolute phrase (1)

if we have 2 sentence

sentence 1; sentence 2 (2)

we can make (1) into (2) by cut off the main verb. This way make (1) have some spcific points which we need to know

absolute phrase has no semantic/meaning relation with the main clause. forget the meaing relation, any meaning relation is good. some person said that absolute phrase provides context for main clause. this is not neccessary.

I learn gmat, the result that will be good.

is correct and "the result...." is not context of learning

when you see absolute phrase, even if absolute phrase has "with", forget the meaning relation between it and main clause. "with" in the absolute phrase can or can not refer to a specific noun in the main clause

with my good spirit rising, my learning gmat is good.

is my thinking correct? pls comment.
VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1332
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 768

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2013, 02:28
sorry
we can make (2) into (1)

I edit the previous posting. sorry for typing problem
Intern
Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 6

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2013, 17:44
IMO :C
issues with the other options has already been described.
Manager
Joined: 31 Mar 2013
Posts: 70
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 14

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2013, 04:16
Can anyone please help how to rule out D, and in C its stated the remainder of the increase coming, but instead of coming shouldn't it be came.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9309
Followers: 807

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2014, 11:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9309
Followers: 807

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2015, 11:12
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Director
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 608
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 182 [0], given: 200

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2015, 14:18
Vercules wrote:
Hi Sachin9,

The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules

In answer choice B this expression "the remainder of the increase coming" is stated after a semicolon, and we need a clause after a semi colon, BUT it's not
_________________

When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660

Manager
Joined: 25 Dec 2012
Posts: 136
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 148

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2016, 07:31
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came -Remove the fluff and read the sentence. its a fragment. Increases in sales accounted for X, Remainder came from other drugs Fragment. Hence ignore.
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Increase in sales were what accounted for - Doesn't make sense. Sentence split using a semi-colon. The remainder of the increase coming - No Verb C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Increase in sales of X that were advertised most heavily, while the remainder - Doesn't convey any meaning E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - Same problem like D. change the meaing "Heavily,bla bla, With". Also Usage of which is wrong.
Math Forum Moderator
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 999
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 409 [0], given: 512

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 May 2016, 18:59
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little. A. heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming C. heavily accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came - Incorrect - Subject Verb error B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Incorrect - Wrong usage of ';'
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - Correct D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Incorrect - Missing Verb error
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - Incorrect - Missing Verb error Answer: C Manager Joined: 05 Nov 2012 Posts: 57 GMAT 1: 640 Q0 V33 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 14 Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 12 May 2016, 10:03 nakib77 wrote: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming Hi E-gmat, I have couple of questions: 1. Is the usage of 'the remainder of which correct in option 1. If yes. what does which refers to? And what kind of structure this is. 2. Is the usage of what accounted for correct in option 2 and does this modify the increases in sale 3. Is while an appropriate connector for the clause 'while the remainder... came in option d Also, It would be helpful if you can throw some light on the right usage of What and It in the sentence. I have often noticed that majority of the times the usage of it without an antecedent and what in a sentence are incorrect. But, I am also coming across options where it is correct. Please help. e-GMAT Representative Joined: 02 Nov 2011 Posts: 1984 Followers: 1947 Kudos [?]: 6450 [0], given: 260 Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 May 2016, 11:29 nishatfarhat87 wrote: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming Hi E-gmat, I have couple of questions: 1. Is the usage of 'the remainder of which correct in option 1. If yes. what does which refers to? And what kind of structure this is. 2. Is the usage of what accounted for correct in option 2 and does this modify the increases in sale 3. Is while an appropriate connector for the clause 'while the remainder... came in option d Also, It would be helpful if you can throw some light on the right usage of What and It in the sentence. I have often noticed that majority of the times the usage of it without an antecedent and what in a sentence are incorrect. But, I am also coming across options where it is correct. Please help. Hi Nishat, Thanks for posting your query here. 1. Yes, there is no issue with the usage of remainder of which = half of the$20.8 billion. What we see after comma is a DC that connects with the preceding IC with a comma.
2. Grammatically, the usage of what accounted for is not incorrect. It surely is very wordy and indirect in conveying the intended meaning. What is not a modifier that it will modify anything. But yes, it does associate with increase in sales of the 50 drugs as this is the factor that accounts for whatever is mentioned in teh sentence.
3. Yes, usage of while as the connector in Choice D is correct as it has been used to show the the factor that contributed to the increase in sales of the 50 drugs. So while has been used to present simultaneous action.

The word what is an interrogative pronoun that must be used in questions.
Apart from referring to a particular noun or a pronoun, pronoun it is also used as a placeholder in a sentence. As a placeholder, it does not refer to any entity in the sentence. For example:

a. It was very windy last night.
b. It is impossible to finish the project in two days.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 13 May 2016, 11:29
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
16 According to a recent study of consumer spending on 15 12 May 2012, 17:04
2 According to a recent study of consumer spending on 8 04 Sep 2010, 05:19
3 According to a recent study, the elderly in the United 14 07 Jul 2009, 13:37
According to a recent study, the elderly in the United 11 24 Dec 2007, 07:14
According to a recent study of consumer spending on 2 23 Oct 2006, 13:56
Display posts from previous: Sort by