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Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on

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Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2005, 12:27
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76% (02:24) correct 24% (01:11) wrong based on 152 sessions
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 21:20
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Hi Sachin9,


The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2005, 17:29
C is best.

'Account for' is the correct idiom. Others sound awkward or use invalid pronouns.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2005, 21:38
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


A is wrong with the tense "accounts".
The use of semicolon in B is wrong because it seperates the two related clauses.
D is wrong with the incorrect usage of comma and changing the main verb " account" into "accounting for"
E is wrong coz it makes the sentence lack of main verb.
I'm left with C.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2005, 04:09
By POE it must be C.

A. accounts- wrong verb tense
B. use of the semicolon distorts the overall meaning
D. comma after heavily makes the sentence illogical.
E. with the remainder of it coming is grammatically incorrect
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2005, 05:05
Good job guys. OA is C.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2010, 11:08
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - CORRECT
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 04:34
in C , what type of modifier is the following modifer : 'the remainder of the increase coming...'


kindly help..
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2013, 01:25
C is structure with absolute phrase.

main clause, +absolute phrase (1)

if we have 2 sentence

sentence 1; sentence 2 (2)

we can make (1) into (2) by cut off the main verb. This way make (1) have some spcific points which we need to know

absolute phrase has no semantic/meaning relation with the main clause. forget the meaing relation, any meaning relation is good. some person said that absolute phrase provides context for main clause. this is not neccessary.

I learn gmat, the result that will be good.

is correct and "the result...." is not context of learning

when you see absolute phrase, even if absolute phrase has "with", forget the meaning relation between it and main clause. "with" in the absolute phrase can or can not refer to a specific noun in the main clause

with my good spirit rising, my learning gmat is good.

is my thinking correct? pls comment.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2013, 01:28
sorry
we can make (2) into (1)

I edit the previous posting. sorry for typing problem
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2013, 16:44
IMO :C
issues with the other options has already been described.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 08 May 2013, 03:16
Can anyone please help how to rule out D, and in C its stated the remainder of the increase coming, but instead of coming shouldn't it be came.
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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2014, 10:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Q18: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2014, 10:49
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