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Questions 25-26 Proposals for extending the United States [#permalink]
18 May 2005, 16:32
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Proposals for extending the United States school year to bring it more in line with its European and Japanese counterparts are often met with the objection that curtailing the schoolâ€™s three-month summer vacation would violate an established United States tradition dating from the nineteenth century. However, this objection misses its mark. True, in the nineteenth century, the majority of schools closed for three months every summer, but only because they were in rural areas where successful harvests depended on children labor. If any policy could be justified by those appears to tradition, it would be the policy of determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy.
25. Which one of the following principles, if accepted, would provide the strongest justification for the conclusion?
(A) That a given social policy has traditionally been in force justifies maintaining that policy only if doing so does not conflict with more pressing social needs.
(B) Appeals to its own traditions cannot excuse a country from the obligation to bring its practices in line with the legitimate expectations of the rest of the world.
(C) Because appeals to tradition often serve to mask the real interests at issue, such appeals should be disregarded.
(D) Traditional principles should be discarded when they no longer serve the needs of the economy.
(E) The actual tradition embodied in a given practice can be accurately identified only by reference to the reasons that originally prompted that practice.
26. The argument counters the objection by
(A) providing evidence to show that the objection relies on a misunderstanding about the amount of time each year United States schools traditionally have been closed
(B) calling into question the relevance of information about historical practices to current disputes about proposed social change
(C) arguing for an alternative understanding of the nature of the United States tradition regarding the length of the school year
(D) showing that those who oppose extending the school year have no genuine concern for tradition
(E) demonstrating that tradition justifies bringing the United States school year in line with that of the rest of the industrialized world
1. E)..."The actual tradition embodied in a given practice can be accurately identified only by reference to the reasons that originally prompted that practice" => thats exactly what the author does. he makes a reference to the past to show the original meaning of that tradition.
2. b/w C) and E)...i think i will choose E)..."demonstrating that tradition justifies bringing the United States school year in line with that of the rest of the industrialized world" => the original tradition is "determining the length of the school year according to the needs of the economy". so the original tradition justify the proposed step to bring it in line with japan and germany.
If your mind can conceive it and your heart can believe it, have faith that you can achieve it.