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Questions 3-4 are based on the following. The proportion of [#permalink]
19 Apr 2004, 00:49
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Questions 3-4 are based on the following.
The proportion of manufacturing companies in
Alameda that use microelectronics in their manufactur-
ing processes increased from 6 percent in 1979 to 66
percent in 1990. Many labor leaders say that the intro-
duction of microelectronics is the principal cause of the
great increase in unemployment during that period in
Alameda. In actual fact, however, most of the job losses
were due to organizational changes. Moreover, accord-
ing to new figures released by the labor department,
there were many more people employed in Alameda in
the manufacturing industry in 1990 than in 1979.
3. Which of the following, if true, best reconciles the
discrepancy between the increase in unemployment
and the increase in jobs in the manufacturing indus-
try of Alameda?
(A) Many products that contain microelectronic
components are now assembled completely
(B) Workers involved in the various aspects of the
manufacturing processes that use microelec-
tronic technology need extensive training.
(C) It is difficult to evaluate numerically what
impact on job security the introduction of
microelectronics in the workplace had before
(D) In 1990 over 90 percent of the jobs in
Alameda's manufacturing companies were
filled by workers who moved to Alameda
because they had skills for which there was
no demand in Alameda prior to the introduc-
tion of microelectronics there.
(E) Many workers who have retired from the
manufacturing industry in Alameda since
1979 have not been replaced by younger
4. Which of the following, if true, would most
strengthen the labor leaders' claim concerning
the manufacturing industry in Alameda?
(A) From 1979 to 1990, fewer employees of manu-
facturing companies in Alameda lost their
jobs because of the introduction of microelec-
tronics than did employees of manufacturing
companies in the nearby community of
(B) The figures on the use of microelectronics that
were made public are the result of inquiries
made of managers in the manufacturing
industry in Alameda.
(C) The organizational changes that led to job
losses in all sectors of the manufacturing
industry in Alameda were primarily the result
of the introduction of microelectronics.
(D) Figures on job losses in the manufacturing
industry in Alameda for the late sixties and
early seventies have not been made available.
(E) A few jobs in the manufacturing industry in
Alameda could have been saved if workers
had been willing to become knowledgeable in