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R is a set containing 8 different numbers. S is a set

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Status: Preparing for the 4th time -:(
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Concentration: International Business, Strategy
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R is a set containing 8 different numbers. S is a set [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2012, 04:06
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

50% (02:11) correct 50% (01:03) wrong based on 46 sessions
R is a set containing 8 different numbers. S is a set containing 7 different numbers, all of which are members of R. Which of the following statements CANNOT be true?

(A) The range of R is less than the range of S.
(B) The mean of R is greater than the mean of S.
(C) The range of R is equal to the range of S.
(D) The mean of R is less than the mean of S.
(E) The mean of R is equal to the mean of S.

I got he right answer (
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
) but had to some guess work on choice D. Any idea how can we prove that choice
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
can be true as well?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CANNOT be true [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2012, 04:39
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Expert's post
enigma123 wrote:
R is a set containing 8 different numbers. S is a set containing 7 different numbers, all of which are members of R. Which of the following statements CANNOT be true?

(A) The range of R is less than the range of S.
(B) The mean of R is greater than the mean of S.
(C) The range of R is equal to the range of S.
(D) The mean of R is less than the mean of S.
(E) The mean of R is equal to the mean of S.

I got he right answer (A) but had to some guess work on choice D. Any idea how can we prove that choice D can be true as well?


The range of a set is the difference between the largest and smallest elements of a set.

So, the answer is straight A: the range of a subset cannot be more than the range of a whole set: how can the difference between the largest and smallest elements of a subset be more than the difference between the largest and smallest elements of a whole set.

As for D:
Consider set R to be {-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4} --> mean=0.5.

(D) The mean of R is less than the mean of S --> remove the smallest term -3, then the mean of S will be 1, so more than 0.5.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: CANNOT be true   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2012, 04:39
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