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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2009, 16:41
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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.


My question is on alternatives c and d: "having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" is a misplaced modifier. Am I wrong?

Thanks
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2009, 19:33
in both C and D Christopher Columbus is the subject. Both the first part and the last part are modifying Columbus in this sentence. C is wrong because of another problem.

D is the ans
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 04:01
sher676,

but isn't the rule about modifier wrong in this case (modifiers must be as close as possible to the noun it is referring).

Shouldn't it be: Christopher Columbus, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain, sailed west to see whether he could reach India. ?

thanks.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 04:10
tispot wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.


My question is on alternatives c and d: "having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" is a misplaced modifier. Am I wrong?

Thanks


Answer is D I believe.

"Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat" seems like it should be followed with ",the king and queen of spain sent Christopher...." because it initially seems it was them that were challenging the conventional wisdom.

That is not an option however - therefore if CC challenged the conventional wisdom it has to be C or D.
Between C & D - "Rather" is definitely preferred.

Perhaps "Christopher Columbus, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain, sailed west to see whether he could reach India."would be better.

actually probably not - in D - the person (CC) and the location (India) to which he has been sent to has been identified and then the modifier comes in.
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Last edited by nightwing79 on 19 Jul 2009, 14:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 06:57
tispot wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.


My question is on alternatives c and d: "having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" is a misplaced modifier. Am I wrong?

Thanks


I pick B.

'rather than accepting the conventional wisdom " is more idiomatic than 'rather than accept the conventional wisdom".

and 'instead of accepting the conventional wisdom" is wrong. 'instead of' cannot be used with verb form (or a clause).

So only B left.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 07:33
tispot wrote:
sher676,

but isn't the rule about modifier wrong in this case (modifiers must be as close as possible to the noun it is referring).

Shouldn't it be: Christopher Columbus, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain, sailed west to see whether he could reach India. ?

thanks.



Rather than ...... is modifying Christopher Columbus. This is an adverbial modifier in which the modifier does not need to be close to the noun but the entire modifying phrase.

Look at Manhattan GMAT SC book on modifiers.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 09:24
ugimba wrote:
tispot wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.


My question is on alternatives c and d: "having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" is a misplaced modifier. Am I wrong?

Thanks


I pick B.

'rather than accepting the conventional wisdom " is more idiomatic than 'rather than accept the conventional wisdom".

and 'instead of accepting the conventional wisdom" is wrong. 'instead of' cannot be used with verb form (or a clause).

So only B left.


B uses 'if' instead of 'whether'

Also, 'instead of' can introduce the noun phrase as in the case of C.
check this: http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com/2006/0 ... ad-of.html
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 10:25
sudeep wrote:
ugimba wrote:
tispot wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.


My question is on alternatives c and d: "having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" is a misplaced modifier. Am I wrong?

Thanks


I pick B.

'rather than accepting the conventional wisdom " is more idiomatic than 'rather than accept the conventional wisdom".

and 'instead of accepting the conventional wisdom" is wrong. 'instead of' cannot be used with verb form (or a clause).

So only B left.


B uses 'if' instead of 'whether'

Also, 'instead of' can introduce the noun phrase as in the case of C.
check this: http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com/2006/0 ... ad-of.html


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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 11:28
Between B and C. I have a tilt for C.

OA pls
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 20:09
arvs212 wrote:
D>>>OA plz


Actually the more I think of it - the more I think answer must be C.

E.g

"He would rather do this than that." This suggests he still has not done that. It only shows a preference.

However "Instead of doing this - he did that" This suggests that he has already done the latter - which is more reflective of this question.

Ans C.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 21:16
tispot wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.


My question is on alternatives c and d: "having been sent by the king and queen of Spain" is a misplaced modifier. Am I wrong?

Thanks


My first post @ Gmat club, i hope i get this right ;)
I this its D.
1. Rather than shows preference and Instead of forces a need for replacement. Since, here an conventional approch is compared to the alternate approch, rather than seems more convincing.
2. Correct use of modifier:

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, *(WHO)* Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

3. Whether rightly used as against if, whether shows a possibility where as if opens up space for a condition, if this then this, the then this is missing here...
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2009, 23:12
Quote:
My first post @ Gmat club, i hope i get this right ;)
I this its D.
1. Rather than shows preference and Instead of forces a need for replacement. Since, here an conventional approch is compared to the alternate approch, rather than seems more convincing.
2. Correct use of modifier:

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, *(WHO)* Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

3. Whether rightly used as against if, whether shows a possibility where as if opens up space for a condition, if this then this, the then this is missing here...


Well thanks for details!
Can you please explain:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat
How the accept is correct in here? I am not able to digest it.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2009, 00:01
I was revising through MGMAT and came across the explanation:
When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice.

The original sentence contains several errors. First, the construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice.

(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2009, 00:11
nightwing79 wrote:
I was revising through MGMAT and came across the explanation:
When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice.

The original sentence contains several errors. First, the construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice.

(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.


Great!

So, rather than (verb). Which verb form is used in here?
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Re: Christopher Columbus [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2009, 07:34
I initially did not agree with D because of subject-agreement (... accept ... sailed).

However, after a thorough search on the website, I found that D is correct.

"Christopher sailed west to see … rather than (to) accept"

So D is the best and OA indeed.
Re: Christopher Columbus   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2009, 07:34
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