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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 15:38
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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Rather Vs Instead [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2010, 06:31
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'Rather than' is preferred over 'instead of' that levaes A, B and D

'whether' is preferred over 'if' usage

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west. - incorrect. This sentence has a mixture of active voice and passive voice. 'Rather than accept the wisdom that..... [active voice], CC was sent by the king and queen of Spain [passive voice]

B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west. - incorrect. This sentence has a mixture of active voice and passive voice. 'Rather than accept the wisdom that..... [active voice], CC was sent by the king and queen of Spain [passive voice]

C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain. - correct. 'Rather than accept the wisdom that...[active voice], CC sailed west to see..[active voice]'. Also, 'having been sent by the king and queen of Spain' modifies the clause 'Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India' and not just the word 'India'

E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2013, 13:19
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Silvers wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.



1. Rather than + Verb > instead of + verb (we left with A,B and D)
2. Whether > If (A & B out left with D)
Ans D

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Re: Rather Vs Instead [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 18:27
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1) "Rather than" + verb is better than "instead of" + verb, so A, B, and D are left.

2) A and B have a problem with active + passive verbs, so they are out. Only D left.

BTW, in A and B, "he" can refer both to Columbus and to the king of Spain!
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2013, 06:36
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fozzzy wrote:
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?


The OA is D.

E vs D. At glance we could solve this as Rather than VS Insted of, but if we do not know the proper usage of those, we can look at the structure of the sentence.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Instead/Rather express a contraposition:
Instead of accepting (...), Columbus was sent. Does this sound right?
Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.

The clause before the comma refers to C., so we can solve this as:
In D the subject of the two clauses it's the same, and the structure is very clear: (Columbus) Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.
In E, on the other hand the structure is not correct: (Columbus) Instead of accepting, Columbus was sent by the king.
The first subject is Columbus, the second is the king.
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Re: Rather Vs Instead [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 20:33
IMO D. whether is more preferred than if so only options c and d remain. Rather than - shows preference so option D
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Re: Rather Vs Instead [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 22:25
Can somebody please explain why this would be correct in D
"having been sent by the king and queen of Spain."

IMO E should have been the correct answer.

Dictionary.com usage for rather versus instead

Rather (Idiomatic Usage) - had / would rather, to prefer that or to:
I had much rather we not stay. We would rather go for dinner after the show.

Instead (Idiomatic Usage) instead of, in place of; in lieu of:
You can use milk instead of cream in this recipe.

Now I think, Rather is used when comparing preference between two things or acts whereas Instead is used when we are comparing places. But I am not sure. Can somebody please clarify?
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Re: Rather Vs Instead [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2010, 06:45
I accept .. rather than is incorrect .. there is no preference ..


aagar2003 wrote:
Can somebody please explain why this would be correct in D
"having been sent by the king and queen of Spain."

IMO E should have been the correct answer.

Dictionary.com usage for rather versus instead

Rather (Idiomatic Usage) - had / would rather, to prefer that or to:
I had much rather we not stay. We would rather go for dinner after the show.

Instead (Idiomatic Usage) instead of, in place of; in lieu of:
You can use milk instead of cream in this recipe.

Now I think, Rather is used when comparing preference between two things or acts whereas Instead is used when we are comparing places. But I am not sure. Can somebody please clarify?
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Re: Rather Vs Instead [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2010, 10:29
D seems to convey that Christopher Columbus did not accept conventional wisdom and hence decided to sail. "Rather than accept conventional wisdom" should modify the king and not Christopher Columbus. D seems to change the meaning?
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2013, 06:02
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2013, 13:12
Is Rather than "ACCEPT" really correct? should it not be an ing form, whenever it is used as a modifier?
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2013, 18:14
Zarrolou wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?


The OA is D.

E vs D. At glance we could solve this as Rather than VS Insted of, but if we do not know the proper usage of those, we can look at the structure of the sentence.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Instead/Rather express a contraposition:
Instead of accepting (...), Columbus was sent. Does this sound right?
Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.

The clause before the comma refers to C., so we can solve this as:
In D the subject of the two clauses it's the same, and the structure is very clear: (Columbus) Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.
In E, on the other hand the structure is not correct: (Columbus) Instead of accepting, Columbus was sent by the king.
The first subject is Columbus, the second is the king.


Just to complete the thought here: Rather is used to indicate preference. Instead is used to indicate that one thing replaces other.
Ex : We ought to invest in machinery rather than buildings.
Amit was invited to the reception, but he was ill, so Akash went instead of him.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2014, 04:28
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2014, 04:28
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