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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha

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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.
B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.
C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.
D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.
E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2013, 04:24
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Here is the OE

Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

(A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about achieving a state of enlightenment. GMAT prefers “if” to be used as a conditional and “weather” to express uncertainty about certain event.

(B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

This choice contains the same errors as in (A). "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "Whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty.


(D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “went.” The uncertainty about reaching India by travelling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “went.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice.
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2013, 13:42
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Rather is preferred over instead of as the sentence indicates a preference

SO C and E are out
split between if vs whether
Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see --Here to see indicates he wanted to see not sure whether that will happen or not.So instead of using conditional if whether is preferred

SO left with D-My choice

Use of having been is also used correctly..

how does having been works?
Example:
having been denied a promotion, the worker resigned (resignation done after the denial)
So having been occurs before an event in sequence
having been sent by his inner instincts(occurs prior) to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment usage is correct as per my uderstanding
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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This question is not correct, and MGMAT also agreed to revise this question.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rat ... t1177.html

There is no good enough reason to select D over C, instead of saying that rather than is much formal.
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.The sentence is not parallel and "whether" would be better.
B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.The sentence is not parallel and "whether" would be better.
C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.Replacing "rather than" with "instead of" doesn't resolve the issues in A and B
D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.
E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts. still not parallel
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2013, 07:02
It was a straight D. The higher percentage of errors and the fact that it featured in the 100 hardest SC made me ponder a bit longer over this question.
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2013, 16:58
Vercules wrote:
Here is the OE

Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

(A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about achieving a state of enlightenment. GMAT prefers “if” to be used as a conditional and “weather” to express uncertainty about certain event.

(B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

This choice contains the same errors as in (A). "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "Whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty.


(D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “went.” The uncertainty about reaching India by travelling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “went.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice.



Hello,

In E, If it was "rather than accepting" will it be grammatically correct? is "accepting" parallel with "went"?

can anyone give more information when to choose "rather than" or "instead of"
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2016, 06:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2016, 07:58
Can sum1 plz explain the use of INSTEAD OF and RATHER THAN
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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in E
instead of +doing + main clause
is correct pattern, in which instead of work as a preposition

rather than can not work as a preposition but work only as a conjuction which connect two similar words/phrase.

e is wrong because we should not us both doing and having done in the same clause. this error is not big

because this problem is not from official source, I will not study deeply
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2016, 09:20
Vercules wrote:
Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.
B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.
C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.
D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.
E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

good explanations will get kudos!!


PS: I don't think this is a 95% difficulty level question. To concepts are tested here If vs Whether and Rather than vs Instead of .

If is used when there is conditional statement .(here in this question, no condition stated)

Always prefer rather than(preference) to Instead of .

D...... uses both the concepts correctly .

Time take : 11 sec
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha   [#permalink] 09 Jul 2016, 09:20
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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha

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