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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha

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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 10:02
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Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.
B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.
C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.
D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.
E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 18 May 2013, 03:24
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Here is the OE

Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

(A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about achieving a state of enlightenment. GMAT prefers “if” to be used as a conditional and “weather” to express uncertainty about certain event.

(B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

This choice contains the same errors as in (A). "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "Whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty.


(D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “went.” The uncertainty about reaching India by travelling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “went.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice.
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 12:42
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Rather is preferred over instead of as the sentence indicates a preference

SO C and E are out
split between if vs whether
Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see --Here to see indicates he wanted to see not sure whether that will happen or not.So instead of using conditional if whether is preferred

SO left with D-My choice

Use of having been is also used correctly..

how does having been works?
Example:
having been denied a promotion, the worker resigned (resignation done after the denial)
So having been occurs before an event in sequence
having been sent by his inner instincts(occurs prior) to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment usage is correct as per my uderstanding
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 14:20
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2014, 11:27
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This question is not correct, and MGMAT also agreed to revise this question.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rat ... t1177.html

There is no good enough reason to select D over C, instead of saying that rather than is much formal.
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 06:02
It was a straight D. The higher percentage of errors and the fact that it featured in the 100 hardest SC made me ponder a bit longer over this question.
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Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 15:58
Vercules wrote:
Here is the OE

Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

(A) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb ("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about achieving a state of enlightenment. GMAT prefers “if” to be used as a conditional and “weather” to express uncertainty about certain event.

(B) Rather than accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of enlightenment by going towards the path of complete awareness.

This choice contains the same errors as in (A). "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

(C) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha was sent towards the path of complete awareness by his inner instincts to see if he could achieve a state of complete awareness.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice. Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. "Whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty.


(D) Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “went.” The uncertainty about reaching India by travelling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”

(E) Instead of accepting the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha went towards the path of complete awareness to see whether he could achieve a state of enlightenment, having been sent by his inner instincts.

This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the verbs “accepting” and “went.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the better choice.



Hello,

In E, If it was "rather than accepting" will it be grammatically correct? is "accepting" parallel with "went"?

can anyone give more information when to choose "rather than" or "instead of"
Re: Rather than accept the throne of Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2013, 15:58
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