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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the

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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 26 Aug 2013, 01:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: SC - Rather than vs instead of [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2007, 21:13
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mbunny wrote:
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,


go for B.

both are used to pick x over y but rather than is more preferered in gmat over instead of.

you should join school x rathar than school y: here you can go to either but x is better than y.

you should join school x instead of y: here you would be better go to x not y and do not go y.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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Although it is written in Aristotle SC book that we can use both "independent from" and "independent of" and both of them are used in OG 10, I couldn't find "independent from" in Longman dictionary.
So when I was solving this question of OG10, I omit all the answers with preposition "from" for "independent" but choice C!

Which one should I obey? the Longman dictionary or the Aristotle and OG?
Can someone help me in this regard?
Thanks alot
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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SWGMAT wrote:
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha

If answer choice C) was as below
rather than a type whose development was independent of - Will it be correct?


No, the meaning would still be an issue.

1. " X developed independently from Y " conveys the meaning that Y is the ancestor of X.
2. " Development of X was independent of Y" conveys the meaning that Y had no role in the development of X.
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New post 09 Jul 2007, 23:21
Go with B. The issue here is meaning and correct comparison rather than use of " rather than vs instead of".
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New post 10 Jul 2007, 00:53
Very well explained Himalayan :)
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2013, 01:30
The explanation given in OG12 for answer option (E) is contrary to what e-gmat explained.

Here it is
Why (E) is incorrect OG's explanation:
While a development may appear to parallel
a branch, a development that was independent
of . . . expresses a meaning contrary to that
expressed in the original sentence. The verb
developed is preferable to the noun
development.

The point here is of the phrase "independent of/independent from". Furthermore , as per MGMAT SC Guide VAN Rule , we prefer

Verb Over Noun

For more: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ind ... 11721.html



In this option there is a NOUN = development when the verb is available VERB = developed.

This answer choice gave a good competition to the correct answer choice because as per OG12

Both x instead of y
And x rather than y

constructions are correct

Hope it helps

Rgds,
TGC!
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2014, 06:20
mbunny wrote:
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,


x rather than Y is the idiom here.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2014, 08:23
TGC wrote:
The explanation given in OG12 for answer option (E) is contrary to what e-gmat explained.

Here it is
Why (E) is incorrect OG's explanation:
While a development may appear to parallel
a branch, a development that was independent
of . . . expresses a meaning contrary to that
expressed in the original sentence. The verb
developed is preferable to the noun
development.

The point here is of the phrase "independent of/independent from". Furthermore , as per MGMAT SC Guide VAN Rule , we prefer

Verb Over Noun

For more: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ind ... 11721.html



In this option there is a NOUN = development when the verb is available VERB = developed.

This answer choice gave a good competition to the correct answer choice because as per OG12

Both x instead of y
And x rather than y

constructions are correct

Hope it helps

Rgds,
TGC!


True GMAT always prefers action verb than Nouns.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2015, 10:44
Can someone explain about the usage of "instead of" here in this sentence. Is it correct to use of instead of here or not.
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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2015, 11:31
Mechmeera wrote:
Can someone explain about the usage of "instead of" here in this sentence. Is it correct to use of instead of here or not.


I would say the difference bw Rather than and Instead of does not matter here in this question ..
There is comparison in the question and that comparison should be correct
Only in option b comparison is correct
Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than a type that developed independently from

If option B was : Rather than a development that was independent of
and option E was Instead of a type that developed independently from

I have would have gone with option E
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2015, 04:53
we need something which paralel to "branch=mamal"

only "type" in B and C meet

but "type, animal" in B develpe from a ancestors
is logic

animal develope from animal
is logic

while

development is independent from an animal
not logic, C is out
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2016, 00:27
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha

If answer choice C) was as below
rather than a type whose development was independent of - Will it be correct?
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2016, 03:07
sc tests meaning/logic apart from grammar rules. we focus on meaning and find out that

an animal develop independently from another animal
is logic

an animal/s development is independent from another animal

is not logic .

we use our common sense of this world to see this illogicness.
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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2016, 09:24
Here is my go.

I discarded options A and D because the comparison of a "branch" (noun) is not parallel to "developing" (verb).

I also discarded options C and E because a "development" cannot logically "be independent of a common ancestor of mammals". Instead, it is a "type" that can logically "develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals".

Please share your thoughts on this reasoning process.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2016, 07:07
EBITDA wrote:
Here is my go.

I discarded options A and D because the comparison of a "branch" (noun) is not parallel to "developing" (verb).

I also discarded options C and E because a "development" cannot logically "be independent of a common ancestor of mammals". Instead, it is a "type" that can logically "develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals".

Please share your thoughts on this reasoning process.


Responding to a PM:

A. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = developing (present participle)..... not parallel.
C. Wrong. The meaning conveyed is erroneous: " Development of X was independent of Y" conveys the meaning that Y had no role in the development of X. (The correct usage is: " X developed independently from Y " - this conveys the meaning that Y is the ancestor of X.)
D. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X instead of Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = developing (present participle)...... not parallel.
E. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X instead of Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = development..... "development" is not supposed to be compared with "branch" - Australian egg-laying mammals are not supposed to be "developments", but "a type" that developed.
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2016, 07:07
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