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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the

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Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink] New post 14 May 2010, 01:16
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A
B
C
D
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60% (00:00) correct 40% (00:57) wrong based on 5 sessions
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a
branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common
ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.
(A) rather than developing independently from
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
(D) instead of developing independently from
(E) instead of a development that was independent of


Can somebody please explain the above ?
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 14 May 2010, 01:48
ok there are two things here

1) parallelism: as indicated by "rathar that" ..we need to make "are a branch of the main stem" parallel with "developing independently from" . This is done best in B

2) idiom: "independent from" is the right idiom
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 14 May 2010, 04:24
[quote="vagarwal"]Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a
branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common
ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.
we need here a proper coparison

(A) rather than developing independently fromrather than de'veloping what???
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
(D) instead of developing independently from
(E) instead of a development that was independent of


B is the answer here
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 14 May 2010, 07:03
comparision & idiom are tested.....
B stands
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 16 May 2010, 03:34
Answer A and D changes the meaning such that to suggest the egg-laying mammals grew by themselves.
Answer C introduces 2 nouns "a type" and "development"



Rather than - shows preference.
1). We ought to invest in machinery rather than buildings.
2). I prefer starting early rather than leaving things to the last minute.

Instead of - suggests that one person, thing or action replaces another.
1). I'll have tea instead of coffee, please.
2). I stayed in bed all day instead of going to work.


"...mammals...are... a branch.... rather than... a type that developed"
"...mammals...are... a branch.... instead of... a development that was"

From this reasoning, I would go with B.
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 16 May 2010, 09:49
Thanks for the explanation....
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2011, 09:43
B comparison a branch of .........a type of
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Re: OG 10 - 143 SC [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2011, 22:06
(B)

(A) rather than developing independently from
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of - Wrong comparison
(D) instead of developing independently from
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2013, 20:57
1) What is wrong with C?

2) OG says both 'rather than' and 'instead of ' can be used here though I know that ' rather than' is the correct one as it indicates preference.
OG explanation, it seems, is clearly flawed.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2013, 21:57
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1) What is wrong with C?
-- See my explanation below.

2) OG says both 'rather than' and 'instead of ' can be used here though I know that ' rather than' is the correct one as it indicates preference.
OG explanation, it seems, is clearly flawed.

This problem is not testing instead/rather than as both can be used here (if used correctly). It is testing comparison, parallelism, meaning errors as specified below. May be this is what OG has also mentioned in the explanation.
(A) rather than developing independently from
--Incorrect comparison. Noun "A branch" is being compared with noun phrase "developing independently", hence does parallelism error.
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
-- Correct. This choice is concise, fixes the parallelism error by comparing "a branch" with "a type" and uses correct form of "independently from".
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
-- This does meaning error as "independent of" means "irrespective of" or "regardless of" which is nonsensical in this context. Also this choice uses noun phrase "development was independent of" and is wordier than verb "developed independently from".
(D) instead of developing independently from
-- Does same error as in choice (A)
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
-- Does the meaning error as choice (C) with use of "independent of" which doesn't fit in this context.
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2013, 23:15
[quote="PraPon"]1) What is wrong with C?
-- See my explanation below.

2) OG says both 'rather than' and 'instead of ' can be used here though I know that ' rather than' is the correct one as it indicates preference.
OG explanation, it seems, is clearly flawed.

This problem is not testing instead/rather than as both can be used here (if used correctly). It is testing comparison, parallelism, meaning errors as specified below. May be this is what OG has also mentioned in the explanation.
(A) rather than developing independently from
--Incorrect comparison. Noun "A branch" is being compared with noun phrase "developing independently", hence does parallelism error.
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
-- Correct. This choice is concise, fixes the parallelism error by comparing "a branch" with "a type" and uses correct form of "independently from".
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
-- This does meaning error as "independent of" means "irrespective of" or "regardless of" which is nonsensical in this context. Also this choice uses noun phrase "development was independent of" and is wordier than verb "developed independently from".
(D) instead of developing independently from
-- Does same error as in choice (A)
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
[color=#ff0000]-- Does the meaning error as choice (C) with use of "independent of" which doesn't fit in this cont

I do not understand the difference between "independent of" and "independently from" between C and B, pls explain more fully. Thank you
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 04:59
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thangvietnam wrote:
PraPon wrote:
1) What is wrong with C?
-- See my explanation below.

2) OG says both 'rather than' and 'instead of ' can be used here though I know that ' rather than' is the correct one as it indicates preference.
OG explanation, it seems, is clearly flawed.

This problem is not testing instead/rather than as both can be used here (if used correctly). It is testing comparison, parallelism, meaning errors as specified below. May be this is what OG has also mentioned in the explanation.
(A) rather than developing independently from
--Incorrect comparison. Noun "A branch" is being compared with noun phrase "developing independently", hence does parallelism error.
(B) rather than a type that developed independently from
-- Correct. This choice is concise, fixes the parallelism error by comparing "a branch" with "a type" and uses correct form of "independently from".
(C) rather than a type whose development was independent of
-- This does meaning error as "independent of" means "irrespective of" or "regardless of" which is nonsensical in this context. Also this choice uses noun phrase "development was independent of" and is wordier than verb "developed independently from".
(D) instead of developing independently from
-- Does same error as in choice (A)
(E) instead of a development that was independent of
-- Does the meaning error as choice (C) with use of "independent of" which doesn't fit in this cont

I do not understand the difference between "independent of" and "independently from" between C and B, pls explain more fully. Thank you


Hi thangvietnam,

Independent of means "regardless of the ancestor"

Independent from means "as separated from the ancestor or differently from the ancestor" -- > from the context of the sentence this meaning makes more sense

I Hope that clears your doubt.

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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 22:16
thangvietnam wrote:
I do not understand the difference between "independent of" and "independently from" between C and B, pls explain more fully. Thank you


Please check below link with Ron's explanation.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/idiom-indepe ... t9029.html
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Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2013, 22:16
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