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Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are

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Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 13:28
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A
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C
D
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Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

84% (01:35) correct 16% (00:43) wrong based on 506 sessions

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Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.
A. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but
B. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but are by
C. caused not by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but by
D. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but
E. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but are by


OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


Please.explanations.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 14:00
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tejal777 wrote:
Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.
A. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but
B. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but are by
C. caused not by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but by
D. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but
E. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but are by


OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


Please.explanations.



Is the OA C ?

Idiom, Parallel construction

Not by X, But by Y

caused not by (stress, alcohol, or rich foods), but by (a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.)
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Re: Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 14:18
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tejal777 wrote:
Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.
A. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but
B. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but are by
C. caused not by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but by
D. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but
E. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but are by


OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


Please.explanations.


Hi
this question tests your knowledge of parallelism

The correct idiom is "not X but Y". X and Y must be parallel

Note that A and B have a construction "not CAUSED ........ but Y'
If the writer wants to write that way, it should be "not CAUSED X, but CAUSED Y"


In this case, X and Y both have to have a "by" inside them.
The only alternative that has a structure "caused not by X, but by Y" is C

sounds good?

:)
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Re: Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 15:26
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yes C - parallelism "not by x but by Y"
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Re: Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2011, 04:30
Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.
A. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but
B. not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but are by
C. caused not by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but by
D. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but
E. caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but are by

Parallelism : caused not by... but by - correct
OR Caused by not... but.. - correct.
anything else is wrong.
and vs. or. and implies a combination and alters the meaning from A. so C is correct
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Hope this post helps! :)
Your kudos will let me know.

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Re: Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2016, 00:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2016, 00:04
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