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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed

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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 27 Sep 2012, 10:21
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Question Stats:

15% (02:57) correct 85% (02:03) wrong based on 769 sessions
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 27 Sep 2012, 18:27
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A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. - good hospitals has nothing to do with infection rate. Seems to weaken the argument
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakens
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Not all europeans. Weakens.
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Does not support Officials argument
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Weaken

I don't agree with the OA.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 27 Sep 2012, 22:33
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+1 D

Premise 1 - Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory
Conclusion 1 - the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu.
Premise 2 - the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.
Conclusion 2 - these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability

We need to find the weakness in the official’s argument i.e. “these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability”

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease. (This weakens the argument as the official has mention high quality hospital as a counter argument for infectious disease)
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. (This weakens the argument)
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty. (This weakens the argument as the population is not representative of Europe)
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes. (This option does not affect the argument and is thus our answer)
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. (This also weakens the conclusion)

:-D
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2012, 08:26
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+1 A
Although I got this question wrong - After analysis, I am convinced that 'A' is the correct answer. Basically, we need to be sure what this question is asking us to look at in the answer options - It needs us to find the weaknesses in the argument , What i understood by the weakness is - that argument might be assuming something wrongly because of which it falls apart. For instance - in this argument, Officials have mentioned that the Critics are disloyal and thus wrong about public vulnerability. This point is weak - look at answer option no b, "Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong". Weakness of an argument is an underlying assumption that the argument makes. Here officials assume that the critics were disloyal without providing any proof of their disloyality - were there findings about public vulnerability wrong ? May be yes may be no - but officials dont know that for sure.


Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. Correct - The high quality of hospitals is not the focus , rather the focus is the Europeans (narrow sample though) undergoing treatment in US hospitals.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakness , explained above in detail
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Clear weakness
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Official support his claim that critics are disloyal and wrong about vulnerability by citing generally long life span of people in US. Wait a minute, we are concerned about public vulnerability to the infectious disease. Weakness in the argument is that it wrongly compares general life span with life span of people with infectious disease.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Clear Weakness


Press +1 Kudos if you like my explanation
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2012, 09:25
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Since this question didn't appear to make any sense (all of the answers are weaknesses in the official's "argument", which is not really an argument at all but rather a rambling series of mostly irrelevant facts), I googled it. Apparently it's an MGMAT question and it was withdrawn because it was flawed - see the last post here:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rec ... t1089.html
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2012, 11:22
IanStewart wrote:
Since this question didn't appear to make any sense (all of the answers are weaknesses in the official's "argument", which is not really an argument at all but rather a rambling series of mostly irrelevant facts), I googled it. Apparently it's an MGMAT question and it was withdrawn because it was flawed - see the last post here:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rec ... t1089.html


Awesome thanks. Cause I spend good 10-15 minutes on it. But couldn't agree with OA.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 02 Mar 2013, 00:54
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of
wealthy males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by
deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other
advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

Last edited by StrivingTurtle on 02 Mar 2013, 01:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 02 Mar 2013, 00:56
OA after some discussion.

Can some expert please post his/her views on this question. I found this tricky when i first tried to solve it
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 02 Mar 2013, 04:33
StrivingTurtle wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of
wealthy males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by
deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other
advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rec ... t1089.html
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2013, 11:00
piyatiwari wrote:
IanStewart wrote:
Since this question didn't appear to make any sense (all of the answers are weaknesses in the official's "argument", which is not really an argument at all but rather a rambling series of mostly irrelevant facts), I googled it. Apparently it's an MGMAT question and it was withdrawn because it was flawed - see the last post here:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rec ... t1089.html


Awesome thanks. Cause I spend good 10-15 minutes on it. But couldn't agree with OA.


Me too. Could not imagine why A was right!

Thanks for your post all!
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2013, 07:51
Please mention the source of this question.
Experts please intervene.
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Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink] New post 28 Aug 2014, 13:45
IanStewart wrote:
Since this question didn't appear to make any sense (all of the answers are weaknesses in the official's "argument", which is not really an argument at all but rather a rambling series of mostly irrelevant facts), I googled it. Apparently it's an MGMAT question and it was withdrawn because it was flawed - see the last post here:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/rec ... t1089.html


And now they have included it in the 5lb GRE book.
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2014, 13:45
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