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recession [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2005, 19:16
Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be caused by Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.
(A) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result
(B) they took for preventing an inflationary upsurge that would result
(C) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(D) they took to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(E) taken for preventing an inflationary upsurge that will result
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2005, 20:15
A?
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2005, 20:30
C will be my choice though I took more than 2 mins may be somewhere near 3 mins. I was stuck between C/E. But I think I will go for C.

Saurabh Malpani
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2005, 20:38
I'd go with A; futurity in the past, "would" is proper
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2005, 21:12
OA is A. Paul can you please elaborate..
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2005, 06:43
This is in the subjunctive mood, so this has to be something like - If I were rich, I would donate more money to the Tsunami relief effort.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2005, 06:56
Paul wrote:
I'd go with A; futurity in the past, "would" is proper

This is actually about "hypothetical meaning". It's about the conditional probability of something happening.
ie He said (he would have done it if.../will do it)
While the first option includes some strings attached(conditional), the second option "will do it" infers a certainty.
Read on about the difference about will and would: http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/auxiliary.htm#would

Subjunctive mood description is fair 8-) It is an extension of it
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2005, 08:30
because in the statement..
if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.
is the condition on which it is dependent we use would. fine.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2005, 15:45
My Fault the answer should be C. Killed by Over Confidence....I though "Projects" is subjunctive so WOULD is not appropriate and didn't disect the problem properly.

Thanks Vparbhal. Nice a question.

Good keep posting such good questions.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2005, 16:00
I think we have agreed on A.
Let me give some explanation for why A is correct.

It is a conditional following pattern B if A
This is a Unreal conditional, meaning it can never happen as things have already happened (it is like a hope):
In Unreal conditional, if the condition is of tense X, the result of the conditional will be of tense X+1.
i.e
1) if Conditonal is Past, result is Present
2) if Conditonal is Past Perfect , result is Present Perfect
etc ...
This sentence follows the pattern 1)
'... that would result if the economy were to'

were is past, so the result of the conditional should be in present, would

An example of pattern 2) is
'If she had studied, she would have passed the test'

Here, the conditional had studied is in past perfect and result have passed is in present perfect.
Hope this helps.

Last edited by nocilis on 20 Jan 2005, 18:42, edited 3 times in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2005, 18:36
More on Conditionals:

In Real conditional, where the condition can result in a real action happening unlike Unreal conditional, but we have the same rule.

If the condition is of tense X, the result of the conditional will be of tense X+1

For example:
If you drive rashly, you will have an accident.

Here the conditional verb (drive) is in present tense , so the result should be future tense (will)

There is another category of conditionals called the Zero conditionals in which the tense of the condition and the result are the same (usually present tense)

If a person dies, he goes to heaven

The above sentence is an example of Zero conditional where the tense of the condition and the result is same. This is generally used for truths, habits etc.
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2005, 11:05
(A)
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Re: recession [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2014, 05:18
Can anyone explain choice A
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Re: recession [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2014, 10:27
I think the answer is A
Re: recession   [#permalink] 07 Apr 2014, 10:27
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