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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be caused by Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.
(A) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result
(B) they took for preventing an inflationary upsurge that would result
(C) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(D) they took to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(E) taken for preventing an inflationary upsurge that will result
I'd go with A; futurity in the past, "would" is proper
This is actually about "hypothetical meaning". It's about the conditional probability of something happening.
ie He said (he would have done it if.../will do it)
While the first option includes some strings attached(conditional), the second option "will do it" infers a certainty.
Read on about the difference about will and would: http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/auxiliary.htm#would
Subjunctive mood description is fair It is an extension of it
I think we have agreed on A.
Let me give some explanation for why A is correct.
It is a conditional following pattern B if A This is a Unreal conditional, meaning it can never happen as things have already happened (it is like a hope):
In Unreal conditional, if the condition is of tense X, the result of the conditional will be of tense X+1.
1) if Conditonal is Past, result is Present
2) if Conditonal is Past Perfect , result is Present Perfect
This sentence follows the pattern 1)
'... that would result if the economy were to'
were is past, so the result of the conditional should be in present, would
An example of pattern 2) is
'If she had studied, she would have passed the test'
Here, the conditional had studied is in past perfect and result have passed is in present perfect.
Hope this helps.
Last edited by nocilis on 20 Jan 2005, 18:42, edited 3 times in total.