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Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

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Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2012, 09:03
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70% (02:04) correct 30% (01:06) wrong based on 178 sessions
Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492.

A) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing

B)Christopher Columbus refused to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat; he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia and endured several rejections, finally securing

C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2012, 10:58
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usually introductory modifier goes wrong with this sort of SC. Christopher Columbus is correctly placed after comma.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2012, 14:06
THank you for your reply. It makes total sense about the Opening Modifier. That is very clear. This problem makes use of Parallelism. What exactly is parallel within this Sentence?
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2012, 19:42
+ 1 for A, the problem with others is misplaced modifier.

Only C and A stand out, and A is the best.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 02:35
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C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured
here the sentence seems to suggest the Columbus pressed tirelessly in order to endure several rejections. I doubt that he wanted to do so. :)


D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured
unidiomatic. 'Not only' is present but missing 'but also': Not only A but also B

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of
the sentence seems to suggest that effort was refusing the accept conventional wisdom. Christopher Columbus's can't act as antecedent due to being in possessive form(another peculiarity of GMAT)

A and B are both correct grammatically. A is concise.

Go with A
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 02:36
sentence was slight tough as it took 1:30 to solve it.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 10:14
I originally chose Answer B. What makes Choice A more Concise than B?
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2012, 07:01
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@gmatpunjabi
choice b is wrong because
1) refusing to accept and pressing tirelessly was happening together showing simultaneity of action or a continuous action..so A is better than B
2) enduring several rejections(option A) is verb+ ing modifier or present participle which is modifying the action happening( i.e pressed tirelessly) and showing the result.
hope this helps.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2012, 22:07
Thanks for the post your explanation makes sense!
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 15 Jan 2012, 00:16
@gmatpunjabi... enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492.
The entire sentence is an effect/result of the efforts of colombus
now in this sentence APPROVAL n FINANCING ( ACTION NOUN AND COMPLEX GERUND) are parallel to each other...
hope it helps...
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 27 Jan 2012, 14:43
A) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing

B)Christopher Columbus refused to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat; he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia and endured several rejections, finally securing

C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort (Refusing to... flat modifies Columbus and not his effort) was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2012, 11:41
Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492.

A) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing

B)Christopher Columbus refused to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat; he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia and endured several rejections, finally securing

C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 01:32
A it is.


I was stuck in choices A and B after POE .
A is concise because it explains the nature of events that "he sailed and endured several rejections before he got financial aid"

the word before makes choice A more concise.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 05:11
Imo is A;

A) Everything is fine, the meaning and grammar. The last sentence is also showing how Christopher pressed tirelessly! with the use of Verb-ing.
B)endured several rejections is misplaced; therefore it cant express the intended meaning.
C) same as B, also being is awkward.
D) Awkward structure and unidiomatic.
E) The first modifier wrongly modifies CC's efforts.

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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 06:54
zazoz wrote:
Imo is A;

A) Everything is fine, the meaning and grammar. The last sentence is also showing how Christopher pressed tirelessly! with the use of Verb-ing.
B)endured several rejections is misplaced; therefore it cant express the intended meaning.
C) same as B, also being is awkward.
D) Awkward structure and unidiomatic.
E) The first modifier wrongly modifies CC's efforts.

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Hi ,

In sentence A what is the modifier enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492 exactly modifying . I am unable to make sense of this .
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 07:01
venkat18290 wrote:
Hi ,

In sentence A what is the modifier enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492 exactly modifying . I am unable to make sense of this .


That is an example of COMMA + ING modifier.

They modify the whole clause and are applied to the subject of that clause (hence the ing verb must make sense with that subject).

They are used to presents the results/effect of the action of the preceding clause or add information to it (like in this case).

Hope it helps
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 07:18
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Hi.
In my opinion,Option B is wrong because it incorrectly says "Pressed to endure several rejections" which is not the intended meaning of the sentence.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 08:50
venkat18290 wrote:
zazoz wrote:
Imo is A;

A) Everything is fine, the meaning and grammar. The last sentence is also showing how Christopher pressed tirelessly! with the use of Verb-ing.
B)endured several rejections is misplaced; therefore it cant express the intended meaning.
C) same as B, also being is awkward.
D) Awkward structure and unidiomatic.
E) The first modifier wrongly modifies CC's efforts.

Happy Days!



Hi ,

In sentence A what is the modifier enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492 exactly modifying . I am unable to make sense of this .



As I mentioned, that Verb-ing is modifying how Christopher pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia. The present participle forms used for such explanations and it is typical in english to use this form of modifier to modify the entire sentence before that. Hope it clears up your problem.

Cheers.
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2013, 02:19
I rejected A for I thought there couldn't be more than one ING modifiers referring to the subject Christopher Columbus......

My question is ....is the complicated construction with three ING modifying phrases (Refusing, enduring, and securing) referring to Christopher Columbus would be preferred over option B, which I feel is more clear and precise, on GMAT???
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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2013, 11:53
Hi Ratinarace,

The problem with your idea is that there are some grammatical mistakes in B, as other people have pointed out above, and whilst we should of course look for brevity and simplicity in our answers, it should not be at the expense of good grammar.

To re-iterate what others have said, issues with B:

1)'endured several rejections' is not correct in this sentence. There has to be a logical sequence to the items, and this one is in the 'past' (endured = past tense) whilst the items before and after are in the present (as shown with -ing verbs)

2) 'being' - red flag word. In this instance it makes the sentence passive, which is a big no no on GMAT

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Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2013, 11:53
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