Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 Jan 2017, 22:14

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 25 Apr 2003
Posts: 227
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 116 [6] , given: 0

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2003, 01:43
6
KUDOS
86
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:50) correct 57% (01:02) wrong based on 3862 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4302
Followers: 40

Kudos [?]: 429 [18] , given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2004, 12:52
18
KUDOS
18
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Yes A is the answer. "recently" is an adverb and cannot modify a noun, it can only modify a verb
I recently modified two customer files (recently plays the role of an adverb and modifies the verb "modified")
The recent modification to two customer files (recent plays the role of an adjective and modifies the noun "modification")

In the above example "extended sales slump" is a noun and cannot be modified by an adverb. Hence, the use of "recently" in B and C is wrong. The use of "had been" is fine for the sales slump might no longer exist but it could still have brought about the liquidation sales at the retailer.
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Manager
Joined: 22 Apr 2003
Posts: 179
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 43 [5] , given: 0

### Show Tags

24 May 2003, 04:38
5
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
anupag wrote:
Yes. I was slightly confused between A and E. Can you help me as to why it should be A ?

The original sentence is in past tense.
Thus, the underline sentence have to be in past perfect to illustrate
the cause sequence of event.
Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 348

Kudos [?]: 1925 [2] , given: 82

Re: Reporting that one of its many problems [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Feb 2013, 23:21
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
ratinarace wrote:
Thx umesh and vercules

@vercules..Thx!! for the explanation, but No I am still not clear ...We use past perfect to emphasize on the sequencing right?? and here in this case when the retailer said even at that time the "recent extended sales slump" was in continuation, so don't we need to show these both events at the same time on the time line....I know it's a stupid question to ask... may be I am missing something on the basics..

Hi ratinarace,

"recent extended sales slump" is not in continuation. I guess you are confused by the use of the word "extended"; here "extended" is acting as an adjective modifying "sales slump". So it does not mean that the "sales slump" is "extended" in the present. It just tells us what kind of sales were they? They were "extended sales slump"; similar to "bad sales slump" , "bad" modifies sales slump.

as it is a modifier, you can write the sentence as below. "..many problems had been the recent sales slump.."

Vercules
_________________

Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 288
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 138 [2] , given: 75

Re: Reporting that one of its many problems [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2013, 10:18
2
KUDOS
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women’s apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently . Past tense is required
(C) its many problems is the recently . Past tense is required
(D) their many problems is the recent . the seven-store retailer is singular
(E) their many problems had been the recent . the seven-store retailer is singular

"said" & "would" in non-underline portion tells you that this is in past tense. (another use of would is to present conditions but no condition here).
And the sentence requires verb sequencing so past perfect + past tense.
_________________

YOU CAN, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN

SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1793
Location: NewJersey USA
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 98 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2004, 13:01
1
KUDOS
Paul said it all. I missed this one.

"extended sales slump" is a noun but I mistook it for "extended" being adjective modifying noun "sales slump"
If it were an adjective then "recently" can modify it.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4302
Followers: 40

Kudos [?]: 429 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

03 Sep 2004, 12:49
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
It's b/w A and B. I would go with B
D and E are out because seven-store retailer is singular
C uses improper present tense while the set context is simple past
A and B's difference is subtle.
Each verb tenses past and present perfect have their own merit and are both good depending on the meaning that we want to confer to the sentence. The question is, do we say:
A) the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel
B) the recently extended sales slump in women's apparel

I believe that the adverbial form "recently" better applies and modifies verb "extended". It means that the "extension of the sale slump" was recent as opposed to A which says that the "sale slump" itself was recent.
Hard to explain further than that, it's just a hunch I had for B. I could be wrong.
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2004
Posts: 135
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 28 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

04 Sep 2004, 00:32
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
108. Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent This sounds right(B) its many problems has been the recentlythis is wrong because, the exteded sales alump in women's aparralle acts like a noun clause. We cannot modify a noun or a noun clause with an adverb as in this choice. Secondly the choice has been does not sound right to me because there was a sale slump before the problem and therefore, this choice does not properly establish the sequence of events events.C) its many problems is the recently This must be eliminated
(D) their many problems is the recent this must be eliminated
(E) their many problems had been the recent. this must be eliminated
Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2007
Posts: 158
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

11 May 2008, 18:42
1
KUDOS

http://newton.uor.edu/facultyfolder/rid ... ctives.htm
The section on "Using Multiple Adjectives"
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2009
Posts: 420
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 108 [1] , given: 26

Re: OG - Verbal - 12th edition - Q.40 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Feb 2010, 16:27
1
KUDOS
recent (adjective) describes the <sales> slump

recently (adverb) modifies extended -- this is not the intention of the sentence... we're not concerned with the recently extended <slump> (i.e., doesn't really make sense to say a slump is recently extended), but rather, the recent slump.
_________________

kudos if you like me (or my post)

Manager
Joined: 18 Feb 2010
Posts: 174
Schools: ISB
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 199 [1] , given: 0

Re: Sentence correction - women's apparel , tense [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Mar 2010, 02:25
1
KUDOS
maulikmajithia wrote:
Hey guys

Pick up the best one , and pls explain your thought process, it will help

Sentence

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparrel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores

Choices

a) its many problems had been the recent
b) its many problems has been the recently
c) its many problems is the recently
d) their many problems is the recent
e) their many problems had been the recent

I would Chose A for the simple reason that statement A has been made in the reported speech ( indirect speech ) .

In indirect speech If the reporting verb (ex: said, told...) is in the past, the reported clause will be in the past form. This form is usually one step back into the past from the original.

For example :
direct speech: John said : " Jim has gone crazy".
indirect speech: John said that Jim had gone crazy. ( present perfect => past perfect)

So The first option is in indirect speech and the action of reporting is actually in the past ( in order to be parallel with said)hence:

Direct: the seven store retailer reported:" one of our many problems has been the recently extended sales slump.."

Indirect: the seven store retailer reported that one of its many problems had been the recently extended sales slump....

or you can say :

The analyst said, "Seven Store has been facing extended sales slump in women's apparel and therefore it will start a three month liquidation sale."

or in indirect speech you will report :

The analyst said that Seven Store had been facing extended sales slump in the women's apparel and therefore it would start a three month liquidation sale.
_________________

CONSIDER AWARDING KUDOS IF MY POST HELPS !!!

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 997
Location: Singapore
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 749 [1] , given: 36

Re: SC: Take a look. Confusing. [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2010, 22:35
1
KUDOS
Yeah I see your pain. But I think you are missing the "slump". All this mumbo jumbo is about the "slump" not the "extended"
recently (extended) (sales slump) ---> recently is modifying extended NOT slump
recent (extended sales slump) -----> recent is modifying slump

You see the difference! A is correct.

And you need the past perfect "had been" to ensure that store ("said") is talking AFTER the slump hit.
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Current Student
Joined: 28 Jul 2010
Posts: 62
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V30
WE: Project Management (Venture Capital)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 15 [1] , given: 11

Re: SC: Take a look. Confusing. [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2011, 08:33
1
KUDOS
Ron Purewal of MGMAT addressed this issue on a different forum! Just for everybody's benefit...this is what he exactly said -

"recent" is an adjective; as such, it modifies a noun.

the difference here is meaning-based: if the INTENDED MEANING of the sentence is that the noun itself is recent, then you use "recent" to describe that noun.
on the other hand, if the INTENDED MEANING of the sentence is that an action, adjective, or other adverb is recent, then you should use "recently".

examples: (note that "mastering" a sound recording means to improve the quality of the sound after initially recording it)

* recently mastered recordings
--> here, "recently" is an adverb, and so it modifies "mastered".
therefore, this phrase refers to recordings that have been mastered recently -- regardless of the time at which they were originally recorded. so, for instance, if i have a 1947 recording of arturo toscanini's orchestra that was just mastered last year, then that's a recently mastered recording.

* recent mastered recordings
--> here, "recent" is an adjective, and so it modifies "(mastered) recordings".
therefore, this phrase refers to recent recordings that also happen to have been mastered. so, for instance, the aforementioned toscanini recording would *not* be one of these, because it's not a recent recording.
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1420
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 176

Kudos [?]: 1339 [1] , given: 62

Re: Reporting that one of its many problems [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2013, 03:23
1
KUDOS
umeshpatil wrote:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

A. its many problems had been the recent
B. its many problems has been the recently
C. its many problems is the recently
D. their many problems is the recent
E. their many problems had been the recent

Can you please explain what is wrong with Options B & C ?
I also want to know how recent extended and recently extended are different?

Hii Umesh.
First understand the meaning of the sentence in question.
Two things are taking place here.
i) The retailer is reporting that he has been facing problems because of the recent extended sales slump.
ii) The retailer said that he would start a three month liquidation sales.
Now, since you to strictly mention the sequence of events, henceforth you have to use had been.
Without this, it would seem that retailer would start a three month liquidation sales and will then report. That will distort the meaning as well as be an illogical choice too.

Recent extended sales slump- It implies that among several extended sales slump, you are more concerned with the recent one. Recent is an adjective and describes the noun-extended sales slump.
Recently extended sales slump-It implies that among several sales slumps, you are more concerned with the recently extend one. Recently is an adverb here and modifies only "extended".

These are the problems with B and C.
_________________
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2380
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 363

Kudos [?]: 1515 [1] , given: 21

Re: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Apr 2016, 07:59
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
cmpunk1990 wrote:
Correct me if i'm wrong.

But the reason why i chose A for this Question :

The singular pronoun "its" correctly refers to singular subject "Retailer". "their" is plural , hence we can eliminate D,E
"Recently " is an adverb and cannot modify noun "slump" . Eliminate B, C.

Now my question is would the following sent be correct :
Reporting that one of its many problems "has" been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

is it necessary to have the "had been" structure in the following sentence.?

The verb "had been" is within a statement ("said") that happened in the past. This implies that the verb "had been" occurred prior to another verb in the past "said". Hence past perfect is mandatory.

For example:

1. I say that I was happy, but I will be sad.... correct
2. I said that I had been happy, but I would be sad.. correct
3. I said that I was happy, but I will be sad... wrong

Whenever a verb is within a statement in past, we need to take the verb one step back, i.e. simple past would become past perfect, future (will) would become conditional tense (would).
Manager
Joined: 25 Apr 2003
Posts: 227
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

24 May 2003, 01:11
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Yes. I was slightly confused between A and E. Can you help me as to why it should be A ?
Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2003
Posts: 324
Location: dallas , tx
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2004, 09:01
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women;s apparel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three mnth liquidation sale in all of its stores.

b)its many problems has been the recenlty
c) its many problems is the recently
d)their many problmes is the recent

pls explain ??
_________________

shubhangi

Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2003
Posts: 154
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2004, 09:53
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I will choose B. Here is my explanation:

A) Not 'A' because it contains 'had been' which means that the problems existed sometime in the past. But the word 'recent' contradicts that. Moreover it should be recently, not recent.
B) 'B' because the problems have been there for some time and 'recently' is the right word.
C) C is close. But i did not go for it because it is in the simple present tense. I believe that the retailer has been having problems for a while and recent extended sale slump is the recent addition to that list of problems. Hence a past perfect tense seems appropriate and B is the one that shows that.
D) No chance of D because of the word 'their' (plural), whereas retailer is singular.

I hope I am right. Correct me if I am wrong.
_________________

A 750 aspirant.

Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2003
Posts: 324
Location: dallas , tx
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2004, 10:59
B is what i chose..too
but its not right it seems..OA is diff.
_________________

shubhangi

Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2003
Posts: 154
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2004, 11:05
shubhangi wrote:
B is what i chose..too
but its not right it seems..OA is diff.

In that case, I think the answer should be C because this is my second-best choice. I hope I am right this time.
_________________

A 750 aspirant.

13 Apr 2004, 11:05

Go to page    1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9    Next  [ 174 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent 0 01 Jan 2013, 08:54
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent 0 29 Jan 2009, 18:12
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent 0 16 May 2008, 02:46
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent 0 12 May 2008, 21:27
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent 0 10 Mar 2008, 02:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.