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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent

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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink] New post 23 May 2003, 01:43
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A
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C
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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 12:52
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Yes A is the answer. "recently" is an adverb and cannot modify a noun, it can only modify a verb
I recently modified two customer files (recently plays the role of an adverb and modifies the verb "modified")
The recent modification to two customer files (recent plays the role of an adjective and modifies the noun "modification")

In the above example "extended sales slump" is a noun and cannot be modified by an adverb. Hence, the use of "recently" in B and C is wrong. The use of "had been" is fine for the sales slump might no longer exist but it could still have brought about the liquidation sales at the retailer.
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 [#permalink] New post 24 May 2003, 04:38
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anupag wrote:
Yes. I was slightly confused between A and E. Can you help me as to why it should be A ?


The original sentence is in past tense.
Thus, the underline sentence have to be in past perfect to illustrate
the cause sequence of event.
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2013, 23:21
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ratinarace wrote:
Thx umesh and vercules

@vercules..Thx!! for the explanation, but No I am still not clear :(...We use past perfect to emphasize on the sequencing right?? and here in this case when the retailer said even at that time the "recent extended sales slump" was in continuation, so don't we need to show these both events at the same time on the time line....I know it's a stupid question to ask... may be I am missing something on the basics..


Hi ratinarace,

"recent extended sales slump" is not in continuation. I guess you are confused by the use of the word "extended"; here "extended" is acting as an adjective modifying "sales slump". So it does not mean that the "sales slump" is "extended" in the present. It just tells us what kind of sales were they? They were "extended sales slump"; similar to "bad sales slump" , "bad" modifies sales slump.

as it is a modifier, you can write the sentence as below. "..many problems had been the recent sales slump.."

Hope that clears your doubt,

Vercules
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 10:18
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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women’s apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently . Past tense is required
(C) its many problems is the recently . Past tense is required
(D) their many problems is the recent . the seven-store retailer is singular
(E) their many problems had been the recent . the seven-store retailer is singular

"said" & "would" in non-underline portion tells you that this is in past tense. (another use of would is to present conditions but no condition here).
And the sentence requires verb sequencing so past perfect + past tense.
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Re: SC. Liquidation [#permalink] New post 11 May 2008, 18:42
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bsd, this is the link I found on google search.

http://newton.uor.edu/facultyfolder/rid ... ctives.htm
The section on "Using Multiple Adjectives"
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Re: OG - Verbal - 12th edition - Q.40 [#permalink] New post 09 Feb 2010, 16:27
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recent (adjective) describes the <sales> slump

recently (adverb) modifies extended -- this is not the intention of the sentence... we're not concerned with the recently extended <slump> (i.e., doesn't really make sense to say a slump is recently extended), but rather, the recent slump.
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Re: Sentence correction - women's apparel , tense [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2010, 02:25
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maulikmajithia wrote:
Hey guys

Pick up the best one , and pls explain your thought process, it will help

Sentence

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparrel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores

Choices

a) its many problems had been the recent
b) its many problems has been the recently
c) its many problems is the recently
d) their many problems is the recent
e) their many problems had been the recent



I would Chose A for the simple reason that statement A has been made in the reported speech ( indirect speech ) .

In indirect speech If the reporting verb (ex: said, told...) is in the past, the reported clause will be in the past form. This form is usually one step back into the past from the original.

For example :
direct speech: John said : " Jim has gone crazy".
indirect speech: John said that Jim had gone crazy. ( present perfect => past perfect)

So The first option is in indirect speech and the action of reporting is actually in the past ( in order to be parallel with said)hence:

Direct: the seven store retailer reported:" one of our many problems has been the recently extended sales slump.."

Indirect: the seven store retailer reported that one of its many problems had been the recently extended sales slump....

or you can say :

The analyst said, "Seven Store has been facing extended sales slump in women's apparel and therefore it will start a three month liquidation sale."

or in indirect speech you will report :

The analyst said that Seven Store had been facing extended sales slump in the women's apparel and therefore it would start a three month liquidation sale.
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Re: SC: Take a look. Confusing. [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2010, 22:35
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Yeah I see your pain. But I think you are missing the "slump". All this mumbo jumbo is about the "slump" not the "extended"
recently (extended) (sales slump) ---> recently is modifying extended NOT slump
recent (extended sales slump) -----> recent is modifying slump

You see the difference! A is correct.

And you need the past perfect "had been" to ensure that store ("said") is talking AFTER the slump hit.
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2013, 03:23
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umeshpatil wrote:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

A. its many problems had been the recent
B. its many problems has been the recently
C. its many problems is the recently
D. their many problems is the recent
E. their many problems had been the recent

Can you please explain what is wrong with Options B & C ?
I also want to know how recent extended and recently extended are different?


Hii Umesh.
First understand the meaning of the sentence in question.
Two things are taking place here.
i) The retailer is reporting that he has been facing problems because of the recent extended sales slump.
ii) The retailer said that he would start a three month liquidation sales.
Now, since you to strictly mention the sequence of events, henceforth you have to use had been.
Without this, it would seem that retailer would start a three month liquidation sales and will then report. That will distort the meaning as well as be an illogical choice too.

Now to your second question:
Recent extended sales slump- It implies that among several extended sales slump, you are more concerned with the recent one. Recent is an adjective and describes the noun-extended sales slump.
Recently extended sales slump-It implies that among several sales slumps, you are more concerned with the recently extend one. Recently is an adverb here and modifies only "extended".

These are the problems with B and C.
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 [#permalink] New post 24 May 2003, 01:11
Yes. I was slightly confused between A and E. Can you help me as to why it should be A ?
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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 09:01
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women;s apparel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three mnth liquidation sale in all of its stores.

b)its many problems has been the recenlty
c) its many problems is the recently
d)their many problmes is the recent

pls explain ??
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 09:53
I will choose B. Here is my explanation:

A) Not 'A' because it contains 'had been' which means that the problems existed sometime in the past. But the word 'recent' contradicts that. Moreover it should be recently, not recent.
B) 'B' because the problems have been there for some time and 'recently' is the right word.
C) C is close. But i did not go for it because it is in the simple present tense. I believe that the retailer has been having problems for a while and recent extended sale slump is the recent addition to that list of problems. Hence a past perfect tense seems appropriate and B is the one that shows that.
D) No chance of D because of the word 'their' (plural), whereas retailer is singular.

I hope I am right. Correct me if I am wrong.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 10:59
B is what i chose..too
but its not right it seems..OA is diff.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 11:05
shubhangi wrote:
B is what i chose..too
but its not right it seems..OA is diff.


In that case, I think the answer should be C because this is my second-best choice. I hope I am right this time.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 11:21
Recently modifies extended so my next choice would be A... final answer.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 13:01
Paul said it all. I missed this one.

"extended sales slump" is a noun but I mistook it for "extended" being adjective modifying noun "sales slump"
If it were an adjective then "recently" can modify it.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2004, 14:01
Ahhh... I see. Thanks for the clarification Paul! All those years of watching tv are finally catching up to me :(
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 [#permalink] New post 21 May 2004, 13:47
isn't it B?

Adv+Adj+Noun

Recently extended sales slump
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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2004, 05:34
108. Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent   [#permalink] 03 Sep 2004, 05:34
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