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# Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun

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10 Oct 2006, 08:40
mailtheguru wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
mailtheguru wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
Agree on A ...good tip, Matt

Is the antecedant of 'It' clear in A? Why not B?

yes, "it" clearly points to "body heat" , the only singular noun here

B doesn't keep the parallelism.

I soon predicted that you would put forward this question
uhm, IMO, as long as the ambiguity generated by a pronoun is under the threshold ( that is to say, there is almost no one would question its antecedent) , the pronoun is acceptable ....in this case, "generating the Sun" sounds extremely unreasonable
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Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2006, 21:28
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather
than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent
of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally
require

1) rather than burning calories to generate it
2) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
3) and not from generating it by burning calories
4) instead of by burning calories for generating it
5) instead of body heat generated by burning calories
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18 Oct 2006, 21:43
I think this one was discussed before. A sounds best
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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15 May 2012, 16:53
Hi,
The OA is A. Source is GMAT software question pack 1.

Can we have an expert explanation? I realize that the question is testing parallelism, but am having hard time understanding what parts of speech are parallel.

Thank You,
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2013, 07:25
rajathpanta wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories

Could someone explain the usage of rather than and instead of. I chose E.

I see a redundancy error in E. But if that error is eliminated can i choose E?

Hi rajathpanta
I think we have a parrallelism issue in all the answer choices except for A and D : By drawing // rather than burning
Hence, E is wrong even if the redundancy is eliminated and IMO the use of instead of by is awkward.
Hope it helps
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 07:42
if this question is from gmatprep, it is all over the internet.

what is the source?
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 08:04
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 08:22
Yes, GMAT prep question pack. I feel this question is pretty old and GMAC has included all these old questions in the pack.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 23:09
GMAT never test the difference between "rather" and " instead of" . if you see a question testing this point, pls email me.

the problem with D is

"for generating"

"for doing" is not idiomatic way to show the purpose of a verb. "for doing" can modify a noun a a verb but if it modify a verb it show not the purpose of the other meaning relation with the verb, such as reason of main verb.

for example

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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 23:12
sorry for typein error, my laptop has touchpad not working.

for doing can be used to modify a noun or a verb. if it modifies a verb , it dose not show the purpose of the verb but the other meaning relation with that verb

for example

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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2013, 02:59
mvamsee wrote:
Hi,
The OA is A. Source is GMAT software question pack 1.

Can we have an expert explanation? I realize that the question is testing parallelism, but am having hard time understanding what parts of speech are parallel.

Thank You,

Experts kindly help here. .

don't really understand the differences between instead, rather than in this example. .
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Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2013, 23:03
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun r [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 05:10
mun23 wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories

"rather than" is the correct term to compare the two, which leaves A and B. Option has "the generation of ..." which is not parallel with "drawing their..."
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun r [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2013, 08:44
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories. parallelism: the generation is not parallel to "drawing"
C) and not from generating it by burning calories. awkward
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it. Gmat prefer rather than
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories. Gmat prefer rather than
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2013, 19:38
Is it possible to argue that the "it" in correct answer choice A refers to "the sun" and is thus vague?
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2013, 21:11
mun23 wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories

A) Correct.
B) "Drawing their body heat" is not parallel to "generation of body heat".
C) "Not from generating it by burning calories" is grammatically incorrect and does not make any sense.
D) Changes meaning -- original sentence does not discard "burning calories" totally ("rather than" only shows preference); but this sentence discards "burning calories" totally. "For generating" is unidiomatic -- correct usage is "to generate".
E) Changes meaning as in D. Parallelism issue as in B.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 15:43
mun23 wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories

In real GMAT, "rather than" is always better than "instead of".
IMO, A is correct.

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
Correct. Parallelism. "drawing" // "burning"

B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
Wrong. Not parallelism: "drawing" vs "the generation"

C) and not from generating it by burning calories
Wrong. The use of "and" is incorrect. It changes meaning.

D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
Wrong. "instead of by.." is unidiomatic.

E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories
Wrong. Not parallelism. "drawing" vs "body heat"
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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02 May 2013, 02:32
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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08 May 2013, 10:25
In choice A what is the antecedent of "it". How do I know it doesn't refer to the sun?
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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11 May 2013, 00:34
mvamsee wrote:
Hi,
The OA is A. Source is GMAT software question pack 1.

Can we have an expert explanation? I realize that the question is testing parallelism, but am having hard time understanding what parts of speech are parallel.

Thank You,

Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories

"by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it" is the modifier, modifying reptiles and describes an action they do for survival.

We clan strait away strike D and E because they use "instead of" Of is the preposition and therefore needs noun just after it. X instead of Y. Y should be a noun,
"body heat generated by burning calories" and "by burning calories for generating it " are again wrong after instead of
since it is a comparison we don't need "and" which is used for joining the sentences rather than comparing it.
between A and B I guess A clearly wins on parallelism
"by drawing their body heat" "rather than burning calories"

hope it helps
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun   [#permalink] 11 May 2013, 00:34

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