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Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun

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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2013, 23:27
Can anyone please explain why 'it' is not referring to 'the Sun'? How can I be sure that 'it' refers to 'body heat'? thanks
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 12:23
Can someone tell me what the IT is referring to in answer A. I thought the IT is closest to Sun therefore made answer choice A alkward.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 19:35
"it" correctly refers to "body heat". Please note that there is no rule that indicates that pronoun should refer to the closest noun. The reference by pronoun is determined by understanding the meaning of the sentence. I suggest you review the following two sources to clarify your understanding of pronouns:

1: "Pronouns" Concept file in free trial of e-GMAT. Here is short video for how you can access the free trial.
2: Article on Pronouns

Hope this helps.

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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2013, 12:37
sankey wrote:
Can someone tell me what the IT is referring to in answer A. I thought the IT is closest to Sun therefore made answer choice A alkward.


Technically the Sun is not a noun, but it's a part of prepositional phrase "from the Sun"
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 21:28
x rather than Y
X is a prepositional phrase
y should be a prepositional phrase.
in that case D matches.
why "burning for generating" is not correct?
A comes close to ||-ism as well
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 22:23
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
x rather than Y
X is a prepositional phrase
y should be a prepositional phrase.
in that case D matches.
why "burning for generating" is not correct?
A comes close to ||-ism as well


No, 'by' is not a part of X.

Look at the following sentences:

Reptiles, by doing N, can survive on very little food.

Reptiles, by doing X rather than doing Y, can survive on very little food. - Here, 'doing N' is replaced by 'doing X rather than doing Y' (or 'doing X rather than Y' in case the same verb is used for both)

e.g.
Overweight people, by eating healthy food, can reduce their weight.
Overweight people, by eating fruits rather than drinking sweetened juice, can reduce their weight. (eating and drinking are in parallel)
Overweight people, by eating fruits rather than meat, can reduce their weight. ('eating fruits rather than eating meat is assumed)

'to' is the idiomatically correct usage.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 23:31
thanks karishma, that helped a lot. So "to" is used to convey intent...
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2013, 09:33
x rather than Y
X is a prepositional phrase
y should be a prepositional phrase.
in that case D matches.
why "burning for generating" is not correct?
A comes close to ||-ism as well
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2014, 06:05
pqhai wrote:
mun23 wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories


In real GMAT, "rather than" is always better than "instead of".
IMO, A is correct.

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
Correct. Parallelism. "drawing" // "burning"

B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
Wrong. Not parallelism: "drawing" vs "the generation"

C) and not from generating it by burning calories
Wrong. The use of "and" is incorrect. It changes meaning.

D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
Wrong. "instead of by.." is unidiomatic.

E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories
Wrong. Not parallelism. "drawing" vs "body heat"


In A don't we need another by to keep both parts of the sentence parallel?

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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2015, 05:32
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2016, 12:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2016, 07:33
I picked D.

Don't we need the "by" in letter A? By drawing... rather than by burning?

Otherwise I thinks it's not parallel!
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2016, 03:17
Mariwa wrote:
I picked D.

Don't we need the "by" in letter A? By drawing... rather than by burning?

Otherwise I thinks it's not parallel!


The whole point is about the usage of instead of vs rather than.

Instead of should ALWAYS take a noun.

This article may help you understand the meaning :

instead-of-vs-rather-than-vs-oppose-to-104503.html
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2016, 03:17

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