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# Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2004, 15:35
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 03:07
IMO A. Its between A and C , as the other sentences have "have"

Now C's "not underlying simplicity but great complexity " is not correct.. should have been either not only.. but also structure.. or
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 04:14
IMO A. In B, D and E "have" is not correct, we need has. Between C and A i chose A because C looks wordy and i think that it has a structure problem.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 08:41
I go with C.

Does the "it" in A) have a clear referrant? Is "it" referring to processes, or language?
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 16:07
C please.
"HAS " is the correct form because it is talking about the Research and not the processes.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 16:50
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 17:54
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 18:07
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

Where is this Q from? I really doubt the OA? It was between A & C. I ruled out A for two reasons

(1) We use instead of when we can just replace X with Y and not when we want to show contrast or superiority.

(2) As some one has already said, it does not have a clear antecedent in A. C takes care of it by changing the construct to passive voice and making it refer to language? Can we say
Research is produced? I was stuck on that for a moment, but we say Research is done.

(3) AFAIK, Not X but Y is also a correct idiom.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 18:12
spriya wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct

I know it's correct idiom, but what happens in GMAT is "rather than" is preferrable to "instead of" if they are both given as option choices. This is why I said "could be incorrect", not "is incorrect"...Anyway, thanks for your input.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2008, 18:12
This q is from 1000Q...from question set 19, question #7.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2008, 07:24
Spriya - can you explain to me why C is wrong? thx

spriya wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Thanks for your valuable inputs!

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2008, 11:33
If A is the OA then I am in trouble cause if this question comes in the test and certainly going to opt C....
A seems highly ambiguous and awkward.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2008, 13:11
also can someone tell me the referent of "that" in A. referent of "which" in C will be processes according to me.
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2008, 15:50
that OR which any thing can correctly refer to processes ,, but here a essential pronoun is required

as we are talking about only and only those processes
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Re: SC - Research [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2008, 02:41
What is the difference between "processes that produce and make it understandable" and "processes by which it is produced and understood" in meaning?

To me using one in place of the other changes meaning. Hence, C, D and E are out. Between A and B, it is clearly A.
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2009, 02:25
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

A. that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
B. of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
C. by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
D. by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
E. by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

So far I have not seen a convincing explanation for this question's OA.
I hope to find one
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Re: Tough SC: language [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2009, 07:05
Is the answer A? A and C have correct subject/verb agreement (Research ... has revealed). The others do not so I eliminated those answer choices.

From here I determined whether the pronoun "it" has a referent. Check

I don't like this phrase in C: "not underlying simplicity but great complexity". The correct idiom is "not X but rather Y" unless I'm missing something here about the acceptability of "not X but Y."

Answer A has the correct idiom "instead of" so I'll go with A.
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Re: Tough SC: language [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2009, 07:29
The OA is A.

I think there is nothing wrong with "not X but (rather) Y".
"rather" can be understood.
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2009, 10:35
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2009, 10:47
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The subject of the sentence is "research," all of the other fluff in between can be ignored.

Since "research" is singular, the verb tense must also be singular. Answers B, D, and E all use the plural verb "have," so eliminate answers B, D, and E

Between answers A and C, "by which it..." is wordy and awkward construction.

I would pick answer A
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2009, 11:38
"have" is must.
Between B,D and E.
Continuous or past tense is not required.

E for me.
Re: several decades on the nature of language   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2009, 11:38

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# Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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