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Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2004, 15:35
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 15:05
Because of the subject is 'research', it needs to be 'has' - thus A or C. I picked C because in this choice, it is less ambiguous. Unfortunately, I am wrong.
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 18:29
noboru wrote:
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.


(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


B for me. "the process of" is a correct idiom. "Producing and understanding" are parallel. "Revealed not X but Y" is a proper and parallel idiom.

What's the OA?
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 18:40
A....u have to pick has revealed because of "research" is the subject.....narrowed the choices to A and C.

shanewyatt wrote:
noboru wrote:
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.


(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


B for me. "the process of" is a correct idiom. "Producing and understanding" are parallel. "Revealed not X but Y" is a proper and parallel idiom.

What's the OA?

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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2009, 00:11
Straight to...A

By which should be wraped in comma.
In B Gerund is not preferable.

Researcg has (not have)

THAT clause in A is clear.
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2009, 02:36
'Research' - 'has revealed'. Hence eliminate B, D, E containing 'have'.

So, out of A and C, A is more concise
and I think 'has revealed not' in C may not be apt.

IMO - A

Watss the OA ?????
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 19 Apr 2010, 19:58
struggled between A and C...tough one still unclear
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 20 Apr 2010, 00:38
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


A
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2010, 09:23
I cannot decide between A and C.
Coudl anybody explaon further?
Thanks.
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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2010, 09:25
I cannot decide between A and C.
Could anybody explain further?
Thanks.
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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2010, 03:05
C is just not a good construction. Would you say:

I have not bike but car

Or would you rather say:

I have car not bike.
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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2010, 06:43
IMO C.Donnt understand why OA is A
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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2010, 13:56
Expert's post
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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 09 Nov 2010, 05:18
For me it is just a way of putting more emphasis. Nothing wrong with that.

More thougts?

EducationAisle wrote:
C is just not a good construction. Would you say:

I have not bike but car

Or would you rather say:

I have car not bike.

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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 09 Nov 2010, 06:55
A for me.

'... which it is produced..." is passive construction.

I agree with EducationAisle but can't explain well what is wrong.
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 10 Nov 2010, 15:40
+1 A 8-)
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 10 Nov 2010, 20:17
noboru wrote:
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.


(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


IMO A.

Research.... is singular. So B,D and E are out.
C distorts the meaning.
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2010, 10:46
How is C distorting the meaning?
Thanks.

rg1 wrote:
noboru wrote:
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.


(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


IMO A.

Research.... is singular. So B,D and E are out.
C distorts the meaning.

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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2010, 11:11
Dear Noboru - lemme take a shot:

First problem with C: the phrase "by which it is produced" is considered WORDY on the GMAT.

Second - when we say - not underlying simplicity but great complexity - it almost amounts to saying - we were "expecting" simplicity but found complexity; this is the distortion. The statement - has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicty - puts the facts in a straightfoward "active voice".

In GMAT English - in most cases - the correct choice is worded simply (has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity) and in active voice. Compare again ---- Processes that produce is active voice versus processes by which it is produced...

I hope it is clear.


noboru wrote:
How is C distorting the meaning?
Thanks.

rg1 wrote:
noboru wrote:
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.


(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


IMO A.

Research.... is singular. So B,D and E are out.
C distorts the meaning.
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Re: several decades on the nature of language [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2010, 01:54
OK, if it is a matter of active VS passive voice, I agree.
Thanks.

dwivedys wrote:
Dear Noboru - lemme take a shot:

First problem with C: the phrase "by which it is produced" is considered WORDY on the GMAT.

Second - when we say - not underlying simplicity but great complexity - it almost amounts to saying - we were "expecting" simplicity but found complexity; this is the distortion. The statement - has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicty - puts the facts in a straightfoward "active voice".

In GMAT English - in most cases - the correct choice is worded simply (has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity) and in active voice. Compare again ---- Processes that produce is active voice versus processes by which it is produced...

I hope it is clear.


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Re: SC. Research [#permalink] New post 08 Jan 2011, 12:25
sondenso wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity



Research is the Subject here.. Hence, "has revealed" is correct (singular subject) . So, Eliminating B,D and E.
Amongst A and C , C is awkward in its usage of "by which it is produced..." ( Passive Voice). Hence my choice would be A.

Hope you are benefited by my Explanation.
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Re: SC. Research   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2011, 12:25

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