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Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2004, 15:35
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2006, 09:23
Mikhail Bondarenko wrote:
I think it should C. I'm OK with the passve voice and it doesn't sound awkward to me (I'm not a native English speaker but i believe it's OK in a formal text)


That's nice to know, but beware that the makers of the GMAT almost always (~90%) prefer active over passive voice constructions.
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 13:02
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity

(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 13:44
B,D and E are out - Research is Singular, Has should be used here not Have

Between A and C, A sounds better

In C, I feel the error is "has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity."

Here sense comes out to be "revealed "not underlying simplicity""
should have been "has not revealed underlying...."
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 14:50
My choice is A. Between C & A, A is an active mode and sounds better.

D,B,E have s-v error.
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 18:14
can the poster please underline the SC to make it readable? a lot of us time ourselves, and i'm sure seconds are lost figuring out the underlined part.
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 18:39
A....

Research..........has (Singulart Subject/Singular Verb)

Between A & C. A is more direct.
Research ....has revealed great complexity. Instead of Research has revealed not underlying simplicity
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 19:11
A make sense

1. uses has. so B, D and E are out.
2. active voice compared to C
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 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2006, 22:20
One more for A.
It has better construction than C.
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2006, 00:21
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity

(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2006, 00:50
A??

there has to be "has" instead of "have" as it refers to "Research"
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2006, 07:55
In the ordinary world, both A and C are grammatically correct.

To appease those nerds at GMAC, we have to choose (A) for the active voice.
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2006, 08:52
Yeah A

C also has a wrong idiom usage of "not X but Y".
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 13 May 2007, 03:51
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

I sometimes find difficult to correctly pinpoint the referent of "it"....please help
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 [#permalink] New post 13 May 2007, 06:59
My choice is D. i.e
by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
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 [#permalink] New post 13 May 2007, 08:03
First of all...it has to be Research...has
B/W A and C,A looks correct in pronoun reference.
In C,'it' can refer to nature or language.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 May 2007, 12:00
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

A is correct choice......
Can’t it refer to processes....logically it should refer to language.
Can anyone explain, how we can correctly find the reference of it in a sentence with few examples
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 [#permalink] New post 13 May 2007, 12:28
Research is singular so we need 'has'. We are left between A & C.
I will go with A.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 May 2007, 18:45
apache wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

A is correct choice......
Can’t it refer to processes....logically it should refer to language.
Can anyone explain, how we can correctly find the reference of it in a sentence with few examples


"Which"refers to the closest noun. In D , "which" refers to "processes"
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 20 May 2007, 07:48
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

please explain.
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Re: sc -nature of language [#permalink] New post 20 May 2007, 09:41
apache wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

please explain.


Another (A)

"Research" has to go with singular verb => cancel out all the options with "have". Only (A) and (C) are left.

(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

"by which = by process" here seems wrong + passive voice => cancel out
Re: sc -nature of language   [#permalink] 20 May 2007, 09:41
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