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Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2004, 15:35
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2007, 20:28
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
Manager
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2007, 22:17
I will go with C. The subject "research" matches with singulat verb " has" and it uses correct idion........not..............but........
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 00:04
It boils down to either A or C. I will go with C.
In A we need 'it' (produce it...) .
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 10:27
Of the choices between A and C, I go with C. But curiously what does it refer to here ? Is it the research or the language. Using POE I figured it to refer to language but is there a rule in play here ?
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 11:10
I would with A.

has revealed not underlying simplicity ?
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Re: SC processes [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 11:31
stevegt wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


I think A is better than C here. What does "revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity" mean?
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Manager
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 16:16
OA is A
but I think it is not PROCESSES that produce and make it understandable but something else produce and make it understandable BY the PROCESSES.
additionally, do you guys think the pronoun "it" can be shared by the two verbs "produce" and "make"? if "it" does be shared by those verbs, the meaning changes to

produce it understandable and make it understandable..

I don't think it makes any sense.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 17:17
man that one was annoying. timed 1:30.

Elminated all but A and C. A and C have "has" in their sentences. Has is needed b/c it correlates with the singular it. Also notice "Research" is singular and is the subject. Don't pay attention to all that junk inbetween.

Now A and C. "by which it is" seemed wordy to me so I went with A.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2007, 17:27
C is passive: by which...is produced and understood.

'it' refers logically to language.
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Re: sc -nature of language [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2007, 00:31
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

Research (during the past several decades) on (the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable) has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2007, 00:42
(B) 'have revealed' is wrong
(D) 'have revealed' is wrong
(E) 'have revealed' is wrong

Between A and C, go with A. Past tense 'produced' and 'understood' in this sentence is wrong.
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2007, 12:49
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2007, 12:53
I have it narrowed down to A and C by the use of has instead of have.

forced to guess I would go with A. but I'm in for a good explanation here.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2007, 13:02
Quote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


Vote: A

Topic of sentence is focused around "research" (singular). Research..."HAS"...

Choices boiled down to A and C.

I'd go wtih A over C b/c A is more concise and C is awkwardly worded.
Choice A: Research...has revealed X instead of Y.
Choice C: Research...has revealed not X but Y.
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Re: SC: Research [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2007, 13:02
OA is A.

can you guys explain it in more detail as i also norrowed down to A and C but could not decide why A is better than C?
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2007, 13:28
Quote:
OA is A.

can you guys explain it in more detail as i also norrowed down to A and C but could not decide why A is better than C?


Between choices A and C, I found C to be awkwardly worded and A to be more concise / clear.

What did the research reveal?

Choice A: Great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
Choice C: Not underlying simplicity but great complexity.

Would you really say a study showed not simplicity but great complexity?

I like A because it tell us what the study revealed, not what it didn't reveal.
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2007, 05:09
My 10/5 cents -

processes by which it is produced in C, apart from being passive also fails the SV test - it's better in A which uses the restrictive THAT which is also a better choice when pointing to plural subject - processes (processes that produce etc...)

also - has revealed NOT UNDERLYING SIMPLICITY BUT GREAT COMPLEXITY is not one of the best constructions...
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My Ans is 'A' [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2007, 15:25
My Ans is 'A'

In 'C' IDIOM is not parallel.

Not 'X' but 'Y' .
not underlying simplicity but great complexity

Last edited by humtum0 on 07 Oct 2007, 19:05, edited 2 times in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2007, 17:16
dwivedys wrote:
My 10/5 cents -

processes by which it is produced in C, apart from being passive also fails the SV test - it's better in A which uses the restrictive THAT which is also a better choice when pointing to plural subject - processes (processes that produce etc...)

also - has revealed NOT UNDERLYING SIMPLICITY BUT GREAT COMPLEXITY is not one of the best constructions...


Dwivedys: Heres my take :-)

Ofcourse only A and C stand in contention.

A Complexity instead of simliplicty ("instead of"used with nouns)

in C) not X but Y isnt a correct idiom...Not X but rather Y is correct
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2007, 17:24
Good information.
I went for C... :(
  [#permalink] 07 Oct 2007, 17:24
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