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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame

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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2010, 16:02
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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame did not always involve human sacrifice; it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(A) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(B) it was often used for entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(C) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and conflict resolution between factions at war.
(D) they had often used it for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between factions who were at war.
(E) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between warring factions.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2010, 18:11
is it because entertainment and the rest of the words are parallel to human sacrifice?
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2010, 19:41
I will also mark B, but please explain what is wrong in E. Seems perfectly ok in terms of being ||. Is it wrong because of using -ing form.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2010, 20:55
B is correct. But "between" is used for two things. >2 among is used. However it appears in all the answer choices, so I really don't worry.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2010, 22:11
B : In b and conflict resolution ?It doesnt make sense?
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2010, 17:49
yeah I chose E. Seemed parallel to me. Can someone care to explain?

But anyways, here's my stab at why it is B and not E.

(B) it was often used for entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.

is it because warring factions is an ongoing current event at that time?
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2010, 18:37
Also isn't the pronoun "it" ambiguous... I thought it could refer to human sacrifice as well as the ballgame.

I'm not sure if this is a great question. Source?
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2010, 11:22
Can someone please explain why E is incorrect?
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2010, 11:41
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human sacrifice is noun. It should be parallel to other activities.

Gerund (ing form of verb) is not a complete noun as "human sacrifice". Hence E is OUT.

seekmba wrote:
Can someone please explain why E is incorrect?

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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2010, 07:03
Hi everybody,

Thanks for the answers and feedback!

anilwanted and nusmavrik are correct - in B, the verbs are all in their noun forms, parallel to human sacrifice. between warring factions modifies the main verb conflict resolution.

Between is used rather than among because the ballgame involved 2 teams; regardless of how many warring factions there were, only 2 could play at a time. No one is expected to know that, which is why it isn't tested.

frankida - That's a good question. Since the problem arises in every answer, it has to be ignored. I believe that the parallel construction of the two clauses implies that it refers to the ballgame:

ballgame did not always involve
parallels it was often used for

But I'll have to look that up.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2010, 07:24
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There's a similar use of it in this question:
sc-doubt-81117.html#p734676
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2010, 21:41
I went with B .......but thanks to explanation ......
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2010, 22:18
conmisdosmanos wrote:
Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame did not always involve human sacrifice; it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(A) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(B) it was often used for entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(C) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and conflict resolution between factions at war.
(D) they had often used it for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between factions who were at war.
(E) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between warring factions.


What is the source of this question??. IMO B. D is out as "They" is incorrect.

"It" is also ambiguous here as it can refer to both human sacrifice and the ballgame. However this ambiguity is present in all other choices so we can ignore this (IMHO GMAT will never place such ambiguity in the answer choices).

B & D are the only parallel choices.

Now between B & D, I select B as in D verbals have been incorrectly used without a subject, whereas the B rightly uses the noun forms.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2010, 22:37
has to be B because the other options have "entertaining, exercising..." which make the sentence construction wrong as there is no parallelism.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2010, 02:55
B is for me

when a verb has a type of noun, the priority of use is noun first, not v-ing.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2011, 09:08
+1 B

A noun (if available) is better than a gerund when you need to mention an action.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2011, 05:35
I chose "B" just because it was good among others!!
But frankly speaking it does not sound GMAT style SC to me for it uses between for warring factions.Now, one can assume that the ballgame has only two opponents but one can not deny that the game has more than 2 opponents!!

conmisdosmanos wrote:
Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame did not always involve human sacrifice; it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(A) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(B) it was often used for entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(C) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and conflict resolution between factions at war.
(D) they had often used it for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between factions who were at war.
(E) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between warring factions.

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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 02 May 2011, 02:06
Between B and E, E uses adjectives in parallel.
B used nouns and complex gerund in parallel.Hence preferable.
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 18 May 2011, 00:51
entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution are all parallel. hence the answer is B .

but i want to know, it was used for entertainment,exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions , by whom ?
is the part of sentence after the semicolon in passive voice ? or where is the subject of the second part ?
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Re: ballgame [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2011, 01:56
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Research has shown that the ancient Mesoamerican ballgame did not always involve human sacrifice; it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(A) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(B) it was often used for entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution between warring factions.
(C) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and conflict resolution between factions at war.
(D) they had often used it for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between factions who were at war.
(E) it was often used for entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts between warring factions.



Answer: B

Strike One: Parallelism - it should be either 'entertainment, exercise, worship and conflict resolution' or 'entertaining, exercising, worshipping and resolving conflicts' ---> eliminate A and C

Strike two: subject-verb agreement - ballgame (singular) and needs to be referred to using 'it' and not 'they'. ---> eliminate D.


Strike three:
We are left with B and E.

Option E: if you were to break it up, it seems to be saying:
- it was often used for entertaining conflicts between warring factions.
- it was often used for exercising conflicts between warring factions.
- it was often used for worshipping conflicts between warring factions.
- it was often used for resolving conflicts between warring factions.
WRONG!!

So, that leaves us with B as the answer.
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Re: ballgame   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2011, 01:56
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