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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that

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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 14:20
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hsbinfy wrote:
tough call b/w B and D.

Both seem correct to me.

Can answer choices be so close in GMAT so that you can't distinguish between them.


B and D have very different structures.

Structure of B:

Researchers discovered a new species that lives..., is almost wholly dependent....., and has coloring.....

The object ("new species") of the main sentence has only one relative clause modifier (underlined) starting with "that". Within this modifier there are three parallel verbs "lives", "is" and "has" (marked in three different colors).

Structure of D:
Researchers discovered a new species that lives..., almost wholly dependent..., and whose coloring.....

The object ("new species") of the main sentence has three modifiers (marked in different colors) : "that lives..." (relative clause modifier), "almost wholly independent..." ( adjectival phrase modifier) and "whose coloring..." (relative clause modifier).

As you see, the three modifiers should be parallel, i.e. they should have the same structure. However the second one is adjectival phrase whereas the other two are relative clauses. Hence D is incorrect.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2012, 18:45
gmatpunjabi wrote:
The Manhattan test explanation says that phrase "whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows." implies that the their coloring is different from themselves. The word Other is used and doesnt that exlude this current species of sparrow being discussed. How is this so? I see this comparsion as logical. Can someone please shed some light on this issue .


You are absolutely correct. The use of other means that the color of sparrows of this particular species is different from color of sparrows in all other species.

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2013, 02:31
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

I understand how the Parallelism works in this sentence.

The Manhattan test explanation says that phrase "whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows." implies that the their coloring is different from themselves. The word Other is used and doesnt that exlude this current species of sparrow being discussed. How is this so? I see this comparsion as logical. Can someone please shed some light on this issue .



I doubt that the correct answer is B. IMO answer should be D.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2013, 22:44
fameatop wrote:
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

I understand how the Parallelism works in this sentence.

The Manhattan test explanation says that phrase "whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows." implies that the their coloring is different from themselves. The word Other is used and doesnt that exlude this current species of sparrow being discussed. How is this so? I see this comparsion as logical. Can someone please shed some light on this issue .



I doubt that the correct answer is B. IMO answer should be D.


Ya i agree with fameatop
i too go with D
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2013, 19:45
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2014, 09:31
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than



First things first this is a 2 player game between B and D. One can spot easily that the right comparison will be 'different from that of' cause we are referring to the colourings of both species.

Now then, what's the problem with D? Well if you look closely you'll see that whose coloring is modifying the cypress trees when the coloring should modify the species. Therefore B is a better answer choice. With 'and, has coloring' we are going back to the original clause that is the description of this species of sparrow

Hope this makes it clear
Cheers!
J :)
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2014, 21:53
this question is wrong. D is also correct.

the phrase "wholly dependent..." can be an adverbial phrase modifying the previous clause " that lives in groves" .

a similar pattern appears in gmatprep

"seven person is killed by shark this year, less than the number last year"

in above sentence, "less than..." is adverbial phrase mofifying the previous clause though it refers to "seven person". this phrase is considered both adjectival and adverbial fuctions.

so, D is correct too.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2014, 02:46
All the options except b & e can be eliminated as all the have pronoun whose & this pronoun is ambiguous
Now b/w b & e
B wins because it is simple present & expressing fact while option e is progressive & stating that sparrow is currently living
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2015, 12:14
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than



Hi mikemcgarry

I narrowed the choices to B and D.

Could you please explain what is the issue with option D.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2015, 19:38
jlgdr wrote:
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than



First things first this is a 2 player game between B and D. One can spot easily that the right comparison will be 'different from that of' cause we are referring to the colourings of both species.

Now then, what's the problem with D? Well if you look closely you'll see that whose coloring is modifying the cypress trees when the coloring should modify the species. Therefore B is a better answer choice. With 'and, has coloring' we are going back to the original clause that is the description of this species of sparrow

Hope this makes it clear
Cheers!
J :)


I don't think that 'whose coloring.....' is modifying cypress trees. Its preceded by 'and' same as option B
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2016, 23:16
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than



I think the problem is the construction

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

B. that [{lives only in cypress groves}, {is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees}, and {has coloring completely different from that of ...}]

D. that [{lives only in cypress groves}, {almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees}, and {whose coloring is completely different from that of...}]

D does not make sense here when you write a sentence using all three{} individually.

B wins though awkward
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2016, 23:27
tough call b/w B and D.

Both seem correct to me.

Can answer choices be so close in GMAT so that you can't distinguish between them.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2016, 01:02
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

Please help.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2016, 01:22
Without a doubt its option b .
Parallelism
That lives
That is
That has

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2016, 01:31
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

Please help.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that( lives) only in cypress groves
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that( almost )wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that (whose )coloring is completely different from that of all other sparrows.

In option B, check for parallelism
That lives,
That is,
That has

Yogita25 wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
gmatpunjabi wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than



First things first this is a 2 player game between B and D. One can spot easily that the right comparison will be 'different from that of' cause we are referring to the colourings of both species.

Now then, what's the problem with D? Well if you look closely you'll see that whose coloring is modifying the cypress trees when the coloring should modify the species. Therefore B is a better answer choice. With 'and, has coloring' we are going back to the original clause that is the description of this species of sparrow

Hope this makes it clear
Cheers!
J :)


I don't think that 'whose coloring.....' is modifying cypress trees. Its preceded by 'and' same as option B



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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 11:43
Expert's post
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

Please help.


The idiom "different than" is wrong, correct form is "different from". Thus E is wrong.

If you could elaborate why B seems awkward, then we may discuss further on the specific issue.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 22:22
sayantanc2k wrote:
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

Please help.


The idiom "different than" is wrong, correct form is "different from". Thus E is wrong.

If you could elaborate why B seems awkward, then we may discuss further on the specific issue.



Thank you so much, sayantanc2k. I had completely ignored the idiom structure there.

However, I have another question.
If option E had the correct idiom (different 'from'), then would that (option) have been correct?
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 14:39
Expert's post
Pri2506 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

Please help.


The idiom "different than" is wrong, correct form is "different from". Thus E is wrong.

If you could elaborate why B seems awkward, then we may discuss further on the specific issue.



Thank you so much, sayantanc2k. I had completely ignored the idiom structure there.

However, I have another question.
If option E had the correct idiom (different 'from'), then would that (option) have been correct?


Not quite. The phrase "that of" would still be required after "different from" in order to maintain parallelism in comparison.
Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2016, 14:39
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