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Researchers in Germany..

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Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 05:35
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77% (01:59) correct 23% (01:24) wrong based on 103 sessions
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunitng ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

a) it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
b) it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
c) appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
d) appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
e) appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who

Does any expert have an explaination for this question?
Thank you
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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 08:10
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marioslash wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunitng ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

a) it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
b) it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
c) appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
d) appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
e) appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who

Does any expert have an explaination for this question?
Thank you


in A and B after what it has no sense because IT has an unclear antecedent: it refers to germany. Moreover, it doen'st appear by itself. so out

C D E

C appear was an ancient .........hunting ground.....AND is stunning...... clearly not parallel and the sentence doesn't show a clear meaning

E stunning of human is wrong . simply becasue the eveidence shows something so we need a restrictive pronoun "that". Using OF distort the meaning.

D wins. I admit that this question is pretty tough and convoluted.

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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2014, 12:30
Although I marked it correctly, I was in mars while I was inferring the meaning.

Can anyone throw some light on the meaning of the above sentence?
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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2014, 12:44
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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 06:45
TGC wrote:
Although I marked it correctly, I was in mars while I was inferring the meaning.

Can anyone throw some light on the meaning of the above sentence?


Researchers have found X from (a place ) what appears to be Y (place), STUNning ( Verb+ing modifier modifying entire preceding clause) evidence that (some postulation) human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.


Hope it helps !
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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 07:43
MKS wrote:
Researchers have found X from (a place ) what appears to be Y (place), STUNning ( Verb+ing modifier modifying entire preceding clause) evidence that (some postulation) human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

Actually stunning in this case is not modifying preceding clause; it is just used as a pureplay adjective, modifying the noun evidence (in the sense that the evidence is stunning).

This sentence actually uses an absolute modifier construct (evidence that human ancestors systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed). Absolute modifiers are tested quite extensively on GMAT and test takers must make themselves very comfortable with this construct, especially since this is not a very intuitive construct.

p.s. Absolute modifiers have been discussed in detail in our book. If you can PM me your mail id, I can send the corresponding section to you.
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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 09:55
marioslash wrote:
Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,000-year-old wooden spears from what it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunitng ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who systematically hunted big game much earlier than believed.

a) it appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground as stunning evidence of human ancestors who
b) it appears had been an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and stunning evidence that human ancestors
c) appears was an ancient lakeshore hunting ground and is stunning evidence that human ancestors
d) appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence that human ancestors
e) appears that it is an ancient lakeshore hunting ground, stunning evidence of human ancestors who

Does any expert have an explaination for this question?
Thank you



Meaning: Researchers in Germany have unearthed 400,00 -year old wooden spears .
Researchers have unearthed something from some where

in other way around, we can say:

Researchers have unearthed something from that( instead of what) place , which appears to be an ancient lakeshore hunting ground.
" from what appears........hunting ground" acts as a prepositional phrase modifier modifying verb "have earthed", answering the question from where Researchers have unearthed.

"stunning evidence that human ancestors........." is a absolute phrase modifier modifying entire clause.
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Re: Researchers in Germany.. [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2014, 07:59
Unlock the convoluted sentence by referring following examples :

Simple:: I purchased vegetables from a Japanese shop. <<--- I am confident that shop was of a Japanese
Complex:: I purchased vegetables from what appears to be a Japanese shop. <<--- Here I am trying to figure out that it appears to be a Japanese shop.


Choice D is written on similar lines with additional absolute phrase modifier stunning evidence in the end.

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Re: Researchers in Germany..   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2014, 07:59
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