Right triangle PQR is to be constructed in the xy-plane so : Quant Question Archive [LOCKED]
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# Right triangle PQR is to be constructed in the xy-plane so

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Right triangle PQR is to be constructed in the xy-plane so [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2007, 20:29
This topic is locked. If you want to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum.

Right triangle PQR is to be constructed in the xy-plane so that the right angle is at P and PR parallel to the x-axis. The x and y coordinates of P,Q,R are to be integers that satisfy the inequalities -4<=x<=5 and 6<=5<=16. How many different triangles with these properties could be constructed?
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27 Jun 2007, 22:24
Solution:
1)As -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16, all triangles must be inside the rectangle with the dimension of 9x10.

2)We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.

There are 45*55 (why?—there are 45 combinations for the side of a rectangle which is parallel to x-axis, analogously 55 combinations parallel to y-axis) rectangle combinations in that region. Thus, the number of right triangles is 4*45*55=9900. BINGO
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27 Jun 2007, 23:36
checkmate wrote:
Solution:
1)As -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16, all triangles must be inside the rectangle with the dimension of 9x10.

2)We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.

There are 45*55 (why?—there are 45 combinations for the side of a rectangle which is parallel to x-axis, analogously 55 combinations parallel to y-axis) rectangle combinations in that region. Thus, the number of right triangles is 4*45*55=9900. BINGO

Great solution !!
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28 Jun 2007, 02:22
We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.
Is this a rule/limitation?
Could you please explain how you got 45 and 55??
Thanks!

checkmate wrote:
Solution:
1)As -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16, all triangles must be inside the rectangle with the dimension of 9x10.

2)We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.

There are 45*55 (why?—there are 45 combinations for the side of a rectangle which is parallel to x-axis, analogously 55 combinations parallel to y-axis) rectangle combinations in that region. Thus, the number of right triangles is 4*45*55=9900. BINGO
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28 Jun 2007, 06:55
Yeah.. still not clear on the 55*45.. please explain.
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28 Jun 2007, 10:00
checkmate wrote:
Solution:
1)As -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16, all triangles must be inside the rectangle with the dimension of 9x10.

2)We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.

There are 45*55 (why?—there are 45 combinations for the side of a rectangle which is parallel to x-axis, analogously 55 combinations parallel to y-axis) rectangle combinations in that region. Thus, the number of right triangles is 4*45*55=9900. BINGO

Simply amazing. This one stumped me. 45*55 aspect was truly good
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28 Jun 2007, 23:47
checkmate wrote:
Solution:
1)As -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16, all triangles must be inside the rectangle with the dimension of 9x10.

2)We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.

There are 45*55 (why?—there are 45 combinations for the side of a rectangle which is parallel to x-axis, analogously 55 combinations parallel to y-axis) rectangle combinations in that region. Thus, the number of right triangles is 4*45*55=9900. BINGO

I feel sorry for the insufficient answer, I was browsing the net for another purpose. Here is the point I want to add: In my solution, I supposed that one of the legs of the triangle is parallel to x-axis. By the way, hypotenuse can also be parallel, can't it? We don't know which side is the PR line segment. I guess, there are still some triangles which sum up to 10065.
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28 Jun 2007, 23:50
[quote="AugiTh"]We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.
Is this a rule/limitation?
Could you please explain how you got 45 and 55??
Thanks!

It's neigher rule nor limitation! each diagonal separate a rectangle into 2 right triangles, and there are 2 diagonals.
45 and 55 are combinations of 2 points out of 9 and 10, respectively
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28 Jun 2007, 23:54
checkmate wrote:
checkmate wrote:
Solution:
1)As -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16, all triangles must be inside the rectangle with the dimension of 9x10.

2)We claim that from a rectangle we can make 4 distinct right triangles.

There are 45*55 (why?—there are 45 combinations for the side of a rectangle which is parallel to x-axis, analogously 55 combinations parallel to y-axis) rectangle combinations in that region. Thus, the number of right triangles is 4*45*55=9900. BINGO

I feel sorry for the insufficient answer, I was browsing the net for another purpose. Here is the point I want to add: In my solution, I supposed that one of the legs of the triangle is parallel to x-axis. By the way, hypotenuse can also be parallel, can't it? We don't know which side is the PR line segment. I guess, there are still some triangles which sum up to 10065.

the right angle is at P and PR parallel to the x-axis.

I don't think hypotenuse can be parallel to x axis.
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29 Jun 2007, 00:06
Can u pls explain how u got 55*45.

Is the ans 4 *9 * 10 = 360??
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29 Jun 2007, 00:16
sidbidus wrote:
Can u pls explain how u got 55*45.

Is the ans 4 *9 * 10 = 360??

I do not know how checkmate actually came up with 45 * 55, but I will take a shot.

The base of the triangle has two points P and Q. They cannot be the same point. So, for example, if we have P at -4, there are 9 possible values of Q (-3 to 5). Similarly, for P at -3, there are 8 possible points for Q. P cannot be more than 4. So total number of possible bases = 9+8+7+6+5+4+3+2+=45.
Similarly, we can count 55 points for the points P and R (perpendicular side).

Is this right checkmate ?
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29 Jun 2007, 00:26
sumande wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
Can u pls explain how u got 55*45.

Is the ans 4 *9 * 10 = 360??

I do not know how checkmate actually came up with 45 * 55, but I will take a shot.

The base of the triangle has two points P and Q. They cannot be the same point. So, for example, if we have P at -4, there are 9 possible values of Q (-3 to 5). Similarly, for P at -3, there are 8 possible points for Q. P cannot be more than 4. So total number of possible bases = 9+8+7+6+5+4+3+2+=45.
Similarly, we can count 55 points for the points P and R (perpendicular side).

Is this right checkmate ?

when p is at -3, Q can also be at -4 and (-2 to 5)
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29 Jun 2007, 00:36
sidbidus wrote:
sumande wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
Can u pls explain how u got 55*45.

Is the ans 4 *9 * 10 = 360??

I do not know how checkmate actually came up with 45 * 55, but I will take a shot.

The base of the triangle has two points P and Q. They cannot be the same point. So, for example, if we have P at -4, there are 9 possible values of Q (-3 to 5). Similarly, for P at -3, there are 8 possible points for Q. P cannot be more than 4. So total number of possible bases = 9+8+7+6+5+4+3+2+=45.
Similarly, we can count 55 points for the points P and R (perpendicular side).

Is this right checkmate ?

when p is at -3, Q can also be at -4 and (-2 to 5)

Agree with you. But that is why we are multiplying by 4.

Take a look at the file attached. There are four possible right angle traingles in a rectangle. We are counting for one and then multiplying by 4.

This takes care of your contention.
Attachments

Right_Angle_Triangle.doc [19 KiB]

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29 Jun 2007, 00:51
sumande wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
sumande wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
Can u pls explain how u got 55*45.

Is the ans 4 *9 * 10 = 360??

I do not know how checkmate actually came up with 45 * 55, but I will take a shot.

The base of the triangle has two points P and Q. They cannot be the same point. So, for example, if we have P at -4, there are 9 possible values of Q (-3 to 5). Similarly, for P at -3, there are 8 possible points for Q. P cannot be more than 4. So total number of possible bases = 9+8+7+6+5+4+3+2+=45.
Similarly, we can count 55 points for the points P and R (perpendicular side).

Is this right checkmate ?

when p is at -3, Q can also be at -4 and (-2 to 5)

Agree with you. But that is why we are multiplying by 4.

Take a look at the file attached. There are four possible right angle traingles in a rectangle. We are counting for one and then multiplying by 4.

This takes care of your contention.

ya that's correct.
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29 Jun 2007, 01:45
Since -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16,
For point P: There are 10 possible values of x and 11 possible values of y giving a total of 10*11=110 possibilities

For point Q: Since this point is vertically above point P, it has the same x value as point P and 10 possible y values giving a total of 1*10=10 possibilities

For Point R: Since PR is || to x axis, point R has the same y value as point P and 9 possible values for point x giving a total of 1*9=9 possibilities

Total possibilities for the 3 points = 110*10*9 =9900
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29 Jun 2007, 02:58
GK_Gmat wrote:
Since -4<=x<=5 and 6<=y<=16,
For point P: There are 10 possible values of x and 11 possible values of y giving a total of 10*11=110 possibilities

For point Q: Since this point is vertically above point P, it has the same x value as point P and 10 possible y values giving a total of 1*10=10 possibilities

For Point R: Since PR is || to x axis, point R has the same y value as point P and 9 possible values for point x giving a total of 1*9=9 possibilities

Total possibilities for the 3 points = 110*10*9 =9900

Excelletn.....thanks a lot GK_Gmat!!!!
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01 Jul 2007, 22:50
sidbidus wrote:
Can u pls explain how u got 55*45.

Is the ans 4 *9 * 10 = 360??

From yours you will only get right triangles with unit sides
01 Jul 2007, 22:50
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