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# Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 02:28
greenka wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

I am wondering that Rising inventories is plural or singular? Could u pls explain to me? In the first place, I understand that Rising inventories is singular sub. Later, I get that N + N so the later noun is more important so it should be plural sub. But, now I read Sub-Verb agreement in Manhattan, it said that all subject phrases are singular. Foe example, Having good friends is a wonderful thing. Also, Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. Why two examples are singular sub?? How they differ from Rising inventories??

Pls explain to me. I got confused so much. Thanks a lot!

I am still confused about the way "IF" is used in answer E.

I think after "IF" we have to use a full sentence. Is there any structure that allows us to use it in such a short form like this?

Hope to hear from you soon
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 06:34
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see, here they are referring to a situation in which , it is more like a situation if X can lead to Y. whereas, when refers to a timeframe not a aparticular situation.
So A,B, C goes off...
now D & E left
In D , "increased Sales" more or less means a sale increase which has taken a place lead to a situation, which is not true. here it is an ongoing process.
So only E is left.
Hope that helps.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 06:42
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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
see, here they are referring to a situation in which , it is more like a situation if X can lead to Y. whereas, when refers to a timeframe not a aparticular situation.
So A,B, C goes off...
now D & E left
In D , "increased Sales" more or less means a sale increase which has taken a place lead to a situation, which is not true. here it is an ongoing process.
So only E is left.
Hope that helps.
Give me a kudos if this helps

Hi,

how to determine whether the phrase like RISING INVENTORIES is singular or plural...

It depends on which of the two words is actually forming the subject.

For example,

Growing children need extra energy.
Planting trees is a good idea.
Slashing the deficit is essential.
Stunning shots were played.

And yes, not accompanied is a better way of expressing the negation.

take a look at this:

Removing inefficiencies is important (you CAN remove inefficiencies).
Having good friends is a wonderful thing. (your example, you CAN have friends)
Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. (your example, you CAN read books)

and now,

Rising inventories leads to... (you CANNOT rise inventories... the correct word is raise)
Rising inventories lead to...

And yes, not accompanied is a better way of expressing the negation.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 06:46
thanks for the KUDOS shailesh, feels like I am actually getting the concepts of SC.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2013, 22:42
@e-gmat is when the only reason to eliminate ans choice B. and what about the verb 'can lead' and 'leads'??
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2014, 08:53
rajathpanta wrote:
@e-gmat is when the only reason to eliminate ans choice B. and what about the verb 'can lead' and 'leads'??

As everyone has explained that, we shud not use LEADS here.. because rising inventories is plural. so we need choice in which lead has been used.
So b is wrong also because of "leads" is used in this choice.

hope it helps
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 22:09
@egmat
While considering option B, I was able to identify that rising inventories needs a plural verb but as said by WaterFlowsUp is the use of "when" nonsensical?

(B) Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

According to me, in the above sentence, when refers to a situation (noun event) which is correct.
"possibly leads" is incorrect as "rising inventories" needs a plural verb.

Please explain,with the context of above question, the difference between "if" and "when", if any.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 01:54
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Expert's post
b2bt wrote:
@egmat
While considering option B, I was able to identify that rising inventories needs a plural verb but as said by WaterFlowsUp is the use of "when" nonsensical?

(B) Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

According to me, in the above sentence, when refers to a situation (noun event) which is correct.
"possibly leads" is incorrect as "rising inventories" needs a plural verb.

Please explain,with the context of above question, the difference between "if" and "when", if any.

Hi b2bt,
Thank you for the post.

You have correctly said that “in the above sentence, when refers to a situation”. However there is a change in meaning if ‘when’ is replaced by ‘if’.
Let’s take two simple examples to understand:
When Joey comes to India, Rahul will meet him.
If Joey comes to India, Rahul will meet him.

Is there a difference in the meaning of the above sentences?
Yes, there is. The first sentence tells us about a certain event in the future, while the second one poses a condition. From the first sentence we know that the event of Joey coming to India is certain. So, Rahul will get to meet Joey. However, there is no such certainty in the second sentence.

Now, let’s look at option B:
• Rising inventories, when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

This sentence conveys the meaning that we are talking about some specific cases in which the rising inventories are not accompanied by something. However, from the context it seems that a condition and its result is presented by the sentence.
Also, there is one more error in option B as pointed out by you. So, the correct answer is option E.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2014, 23:06
Hi guys. The confusion is between A and E.

The most important part of the question is the mood. Here we are talking about a subjunctive mood i.e. a hypothetical situation. The most important indicator of this type of mood is words such as would, were etc. used with a subject.

When we use a subjunctive mood, If should be preferred to when . Secondly, when denotes a particular time of the action which can be specific or close approximation. In this case, the action has not happened. Therefore, E is the right answer.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2014, 21:46
greenka wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

I am wondering that Rising inventories is plural or singular? Could u pls explain to me? In the first place, I understand that Rising inventories is singular sub. Later, I get that N + N so the later noun is more important so it should be plural sub. But, now I read Sub-Verb agreement in Manhattan, it said that all subject phrases are singular. Foe example, Having good friends is a wonderful thing. Also, Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. Why two examples are singular sub?? How they differ from Rising inventories??

Pls explain to me. I got confused so much. Thanks a lot!

Rise is intransitive verb, so you cannot say " Rise something" or "Rise the inventory"
Raising inventories will be used instead of rising inventories

So the main subject here is inventories
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2014, 17:25
Hi All,

Can someone guide me on the difference between the usage of "corresponding" and "correspondingly" here. I believe "increased" is a verb, therefore the usage of this modifier seems correct to me (option D).
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2014, 01:33
@e-gmat - Would need some help with Option A and E

A- Why in A the use of 'Correspondingly' said to be ambiguous.'Correspondingly' modify "unaccompanied" in A, which is a verb- What is the ambiguity here ?

D Apart from SVA error (Inventories/leads),Why is used of Correspondingly wrong here ?
I think correspondingly modify 'increased' in D, which is a adj...

So my question is why an adv(correspondingly) modify a verb(unaccompanied in choice A) and an adj(increased in choice D) wrong???
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2015, 22:53
It must be correspoinding increases.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 08:45
POE:

1) Rising Inventories - Here rising is an adjective that is modifying noun (Inventories). So it should be plural.

Depending upon the context we can have "Rising inventories" as singular or plural.
Think what can cause production cutbacks? It's inventories (that are rising)

For example, consider following sentences:

a) Increasing gas prices is a difficult phenomena to understand. Here "increasing gas prices" is a Noun.
b) Increasing gas prices are taking up a larger portion. Here Increasing is used as an Adjective of noun "gas prices".

2) We should be highly ward of using "when" in GMAT SC. "When" is used to show a point in time.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 11:18
Now I understand why they call it GMAT Grammar. In a normal case, 'when' could be easily used even if it represents a condition, but not in gmat.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2016, 11:09
greenka wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2016, 20:39
"increases in sales". I wasnt able to select the right answer because I thought the correct pharse is " increase in sales".
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2016, 03:30
Here, in the first clause, "Rising Inventories" of the words the first must be noun, as
the second is an object, and object is associated with the subject, moreover, Rising can't
be an object, so it must be Noun.

Now, it is very elusive to debunk if Rising used here is Singular Noun or Plural Noun.Since, Rising is associated
with more than one inventory, each of them must be rising, hence, it will be comfortable to assume it as plural.

But i am not wholeheartedly convinced with my own explanation.

I believe here "Rising" should be Noun, so the verb lead should agree with singular
noun Rising, which entails the verb lead should take the singular form which is leads.
OA is E, but i am confused for D.

Someone, explained that, when lead is preceded by can, it takes plural form, but i am not convinced.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2016, 03:30
Here, in the first clause, "Rising Inventories" of the words the first must be noun, as
the second is an object, and object is associated with the subject, moreover, Rising can't
be an object, so it must be Noun.

Now, it is very elusive to debunk if Rising used here is Singular Noun or Plural Noun.Since, Rising is associated
with more than one inventory, each of them must be rising, hence, it will be comfortable to assume it as plural.

But i am not wholeheartedly convinced with my own explanation.

I believe here "Rising" should be Noun, so the verb lead should agree with singular
noun Rising, which entails the verb lead should take the singular form which is leads.
OA is E, but i am confused for D.

Someone, explained that, when lead is preceded by can, it takes plural form, but i am not convinced.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2016, 04:01
While reading the sentence, we understand that "Rising inventories" is plural, hence we need a plural verb.
Eliminate B and D

When refers to a specific point in time, not a situation. As is happening here.
Eliminate A and C.

Correct Option: E
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2016, 04:01

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