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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2011, 17:55
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Question Stats:

51% (01:50) correct 49% (01:14) wrong based on 119 sessions
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

Pls help with the explanation of the correct answer. I was confused between B and D, it will be great if you could help me understand why D is not acceptable
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bibli on 31 Dec 2011, 00:50, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC - Pls help (20) [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2011, 22:16
Bibli wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

Pls help with the explanation of the correct answer. I was confused between B and D, it will be great if you could help me understand why D is not acceptable


The correct answer is C, not B or D.
This is an official GMAT question. Please do a search before you post.
In D you can't change the subject to artisans. B doesn't need the pronoun it. C is concise and correct.
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Re: SC - Pls help (20) [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2011, 00:26
between B and C. C sounds better w/o the pronoun.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2013, 09:36
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2013, 11:20
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
Wrong.
"them" is redundant. The correct structure is: the army of terra-cotta took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.
The army is collective noun --> singular ---> "them" is wrong.

B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
Wrong. "it" is redundant. The correct structure is: the army of terra-cotta took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it

C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
Correct. The structure is: the army of terra-cotta is more than 2000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete. Good parallel structure.

D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
Wrong. Parallelism problem. "took" must be placed BEFORE "700,000 artisans".

E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years
Wrong. Parallelism problem. "is more than 2000 years old and to complete them too..."
Pls help with the explanation of the correct answer. I was confused between B and D, it will be great if you could help me understand why D is not acceptable[/quote]

Hope it helps.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2013, 18:56
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Bibli wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

Pls help with the explanation of the correct answer. I was confused between B and D, it will be great if you could help me understand why D is not acceptable


To answer your questions and lead you to the right answer:

First, what's the subject of the sentence? (e.g. What's it about?)

the army of terra-cotta warriors

Now, let's look at the rest of the sentence...

created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

This isn't really important to answering the question. Ignore it.

is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.


OK, let's put this together.
the army of terra-cotta warriors is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

The way the grammar of this sentence works is this:

THE ARMY…is (x)…and (y).

Let's make this easier by breaking it up into two new, shorter sentences.

The army is more than 2,000 years old. It took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

The "it" in this sentence is a pronoun standing in for "the army". In the correct answer, C, the pronoun is not needed because we use "and" as a coordinating conjunction to link the two clauses that share a common subject. This is also why both A & B are wrong.

D is not a right choice because it changes the subject from THE ARMY to 700,000 ARTISANS. For D to be right, we would need "it" at the end of the clause. To see why, again try breaking this up into two shorter sentences:
The army is more than 2,000 years old. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete <WHAT?>.

Hope that helps.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2013, 18:56
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