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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2010, 17:25
I chose C for concision. Thanks for the explanation. I intend to re-read everyone's comments again to fully absorb the grammer rules you've identified.

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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2010, 01:04
Hi, I am quite late but anyways.

Any thoughts on the above Q. As OG12 Q61 says the OA is A and on the forums say is either B or C. Can gurus reply on this one?

Would be interesting to learn few things out of Qs like this one...
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2010, 01:21
Please DO not post questions that have been modified. What is the source of this question?
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2010, 01:30
This question is modified version of the real OG question.

Original question

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect
Qin Shi Huang, China’s fi rst emperor, in his afterlife
is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000
artisans more than 36 years to complete
(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s fi rst emperor, was
protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta
warriors that was created more than
2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took
more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to
create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than
2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi
Huang, China’s fi rst emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans
worked more than 36 years to create an army of
terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang,
China’s fi rst emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete
the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000
artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin
Shi Huang, China’s fi rst emperor, in his afterlife

OA : A

Apples Vs Oranges. The pyramids to be compared with army. Period.
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2010, 09:46
Hey All,

I got asked by PM to answer this. Looks like everybody has gotten to the answer on their own, but I'll weigh in anyway (why not?).

Q> Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
PROBLEM: This is a parallel question, which we can tell from the conjunction "and". The subject is "the army of terra-cotta- warriors". The first verb is "is" (more than 2000...), and the second is "took" (700,000 artisans). If we remove the first item in the list, the sentence would read "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them." Obviously, we don't want the "them" part.

B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
PROBLEM: "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it." Again, we don't want "it".

C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
ANSWER: Looks good.

D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
PROBLEM: We need the verb "took" after the "and", or the parallel goes all wrong.

E. to complete them took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years
PROBLEM: Definitely don't want an infinitive after the "and", because there's no other infinitive in the sentence.

Hope that helps!

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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2010, 12:46
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,


Q> Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.



B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
PROBLEM: "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it." Again, we don't want "it".



Hope that helps!

-t


Why you dont want "it"?
"it" is the pronoun for Qin Shi Huang, so "The army...took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete Qin Shi Huang" seems to be OK, doesnt it?

Thanks Tommy.
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2010, 14:44
yeah I got C because "it" has no clear reference. kthx gg bai.
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 10:10
Hey Noburu,

Think of the logic. He's not the one who got completed, he's the Japanese guy who built the warriors. It's the warriors that were completed, and they're plural.

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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2011, 07:00
OA is C
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 11 Jan 2011, 07:36
Answer is C, I got it by first look itself

'it' refers to clay warrior which is already mentioned in 1st part of sentence. Use seperation of Clauses fellows. Its pretty simply. You dont need to mention 'it' again. GMAT gives more of clause sentences rather than plain sentences which we use in our daily life.

I would recomment Wren & Martins 'Clauses & Phrases' chapter. significant examples are given there.

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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2011, 00:47
It's B

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2012, 19:17
This is a variant of the original OG question and tests a totally different concept.
I was able to eliminate everything except C and D.

In terms of meaning C is a better choice.

C: The army is 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
D: The army is 2,000 years old and 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete. (needs an it?)

By the way what kind of sentence is "The army took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete"? It sounds half way between a active and a passive voice. We can clearly tell "The army is 2,000 years old" is active voice. But the latter I am still not sure because The army doesn't seem to be doing the action, right?
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 15 Jan 2012, 05:37
james12345 wrote:
110% C
the 'it' in B is redundant. Cut out the fluff and you get:

The terra-cotta army is 2000 years old and took artisans 36 years to complete it.

...sorry I just threw up on my keyboard. anyway--the 'it' is no bueno.

i would still go with (b) as there is no antecedent error with 'it'. In 'c' the question is 'complete what'.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2012, 08:15
+1 for C .This is a question from OG
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2012, 08:33
The answer should be C:

Parallelism needs to be maintained in this answer choice. Therefore, 2 verb phrases after "afterlife" must clearly describe the creation of these terra cotta warriors.

A. Breaks parallelism

B. Breaks parallelism

C. Parallelism is maintained

D. Not a verb phrase, so parallelism is broken

E. Not a verb phrase, so parallelism is broken.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 12:03
I think it is C here. "It" seems redundant.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2012, 21:21
IMO C........

it is indeed very clear now....nice explanation ppl.....
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Re: SC-GMAT SET. [#permalink] New post 15 Jan 2013, 05:29
tarek99 wrote:
I think that the answer should be B. Here's way:

Note: since there is no comma before "and", we know that we don't want to create another clause, otherwise we will end up with a run-on sentence. You normally connect the 2 clauses either with a comma before "and" or with any other subordinate conjunction such as "but", "not only.....but also", etc. A clause must have a subject and a verb. You can avoid the clause by removing either the subject or the verb after "and". Since we are still talking about the "army", we don't have to repeat it as the subject of this second "sentence", so we can look straight for the verbs, which makes our choices narrowed to A, B, and C:


A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them

"army" is singular, so "them" doesn't have a clear referent.

B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it

I believe that "complete" is a transitive verb, meaning that it must have an object, so "it" would be good and it is clear that
"it" is referring to "army." So this choice will be my answer. keep it!

C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

As I explained for option B, "complete" is a transitive verb, meaning that it should have an object. Otherwise, what did the artisans complete? did they complete 1000 laps around their nation's border? hehe.... etc and etc....so as you can see, the verb "complete" must have an object to complete its thought, otherwise, people will end up wondering what's next. so I don't think C is correct.


D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

The remaining 2 answer choices have been eliminated already from my first reasoning in this post.
So what's the OA?


I believe that the answer is C.

Cut out all the "fat" and it will jump at you.

...the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

Note where I put the "it" in bold. Whether the "it" is there or not, the sentence remains correct because it is optional. Let us put another "it" at the end of the sentence and here's what you get:

...the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it.

The last "it" has become superfluous. It may sound correct but the sentence is not concise. It is similar to saying "The price of sugar has gone down by 30% decline".

Without the "it", the meaning is already clear. Why add it?
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2013, 14:10
marshpa wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

(A) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
(B) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
(C) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
(D) 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
(E) to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

I have some doubt on OA so please post your answers with explaination.


C is correct.

The army is singular ==> A is out.
Structure is:
the army..............is more than 2,000 years old and took X more than 36 years to complete.

B is out because the use of "it" is redundant. It's like "the army took X 36 years to complete it".
D is out because the structure is not parallel.
E is out because the structure is not parallel

Only C is correct.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink] New post 08 Jan 2014, 14:04
Hi,

Answer is C

Look at the sentence in B: the army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it ==> the army of terra-cotta warriors .. This does not make sense! Put them together if you are not convinced: the army of terra-cotta warriors took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors

In C, you avoid such a problem!

hope it helps!
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2014, 14:04
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