Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2008, 15:20
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

(A) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
(B) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
(C) took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
(D) 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
(E) to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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18 Jul 2008, 16:24
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I think that the answer should be B. Here's way:

Note: since there is no comma before "and", we know that we don't want to create another clause, otherwise we will end up with a run-on sentence. You normally connect the 2 clauses either with a comma before "and" or with any other subordinate conjunction such as "but", "not only.....but also", etc. A clause must have a subject and a verb. You can avoid the clause by removing either the subject or the verb after "and". Since we are still talking about the "army", we don't have to repeat it as the subject of this second "sentence", so we can look straight for the verbs, which makes our choices narrowed to A, B, and C:

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them

"army" is singular, so "them" doesn't have a clear referent.

B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it

I believe that "complete" is a transitive verb, meaning that it must have an object, so "it" would be good and it is clear that
"it" is referring to "army." So this choice will be my answer. keep it!

C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

As I explained for option B, "complete" is a transitive verb, meaning that it should have an object. Otherwise, what did the artisans complete? did they complete 1000 laps around their nation's border? hehe.... etc and etc....so as you can see, the verb "complete" must have an object to complete its thought, otherwise, people will end up wondering what's next. so I don't think C is correct.

D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

The remaining 2 answer choices have been eliminated already from my first reasoning in this post.
So what's the OA?

Last edited by tarek99 on 19 Jul 2008, 00:10, edited 3 times in total.
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18 Jul 2008, 16:36
Tarek, +1 to you..for good explaination. OA is B, however I thought It has multiple referent in option B.. army and Qin Shi Huang. Could you please tell why It should refer only to army?
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19 Jul 2008, 00:00
marshpa wrote:
Tarek, +1 to you..for good explaination. OA is B, however I thought It has multiple referent in option B.. army and Qin Shi Huang. Could you please tell why It should refer only to army?

thanks well, the reason that "it" can not refer to Qin Shi Huag is that Huag is a person who is an emperor. "It" is ONLY used to refer to objects or things and NEVER to humans.
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19 Jul 2008, 00:14
tarek99 wrote:
marshpa wrote:
Tarek, +1 to you..for good explaination. OA is B, however I thought It has multiple referent in option B.. army and Qin Shi Huang. Could you please tell why It should refer only to army?

thanks well, the reason that "it" can not refer to Qin Shi Huag is that Huag is a person who is an emperor. "It" is ONLY used to refer to objects or things and NEVER to humans.

Opps I think i need vacation..sorry to bother you but thanks mate.
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19 Jul 2008, 01:11
hey no problem. I started realizing an interesting approach to the verbal question. For example, with the SC, I've been studying grammar forever! and I still see some SC questions with new grammar structures that I'm not familiar with. I think it's impossible to learn ever single grammar rule in English. the best approach is POE. Compare each answer choice to one other and look for a reason to eliminate it. I think looking for the wrong answers will be more rewarding than looking for the correct answers. Read each answer choice and look for a reason to eliminate it. If you're not too sure, then keep it and move on, so you'll eventually be left with the remaining answer choices that should make things easier to eliminate. since GMAC can provide a correct answer that may not be attractive, when you're very confident about the answers that you've eliminated, then the remaining answer choice must be correct no matter what.
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19 Jul 2008, 04:17
are u sure OA is B..i have seen OA floating around as C..

i really lost my nerves on this cause i went for b..but somehow convinced after lookin at Pauls explanation that OA is C..

Marsha can you please verify OA..thanks
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19 Jul 2008, 04:47
then I honestly don't know, but it makes sense to me that the answer is B. If you can find out what the answer should be, then please feel free to share with us. But for now, i'm content with option B as the answer.
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19 Jul 2008, 05:14
IMO (B)
(C) cannot be the answer since complete needs an object
Really good explanation in previous posts
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20 Jul 2008, 10:17
fresinha12 wrote:
are u sure OA is B..i have seen OA floating around as C..

i really lost my nerves on this cause i went for b..but somehow convinced after lookin at Pauls explanation that OA is C..

Marsha can you please verify OA..thanks

Fresinha, OA B is mentioned in the GMAT SET. So I think we can trust on OA.
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20 Jul 2008, 18:57
Taken from another forum:

Summary:
The terra cotta army is an archaeological find, like a pyramid. The confusion stems from the fact that "soldiers" are what make up the monument. Try treating the entire army as a pyramid and the soldiers as the steps, it will be clearerCorrect response is C.

... army ... is more than 2,000 years old and took ... more than 36 years to complete.

Choice B is wrong because of the superfluous "it." Examples

Gould's most recent book, "The Structure of Evolutionary Theory" (2002), is a 1433-page opus that took him more than 20 years to complete.

Susanna Clarke admits that her first novel took her more than 10 years to write.

The letter, of just 250 or so Chinese characters, took her more than two hours to compose.

http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentenc ... -sets.html
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20 Jul 2008, 19:07
will go with B...........................
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17 Mar 2009, 08:35
I got this on the GMAT PREP and the answer is OA C.
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05 Jan 2010, 06:29
I'd go with C here as well. I think 'it' is unnecessary as the phrase is already referring back to the subject of the sentence, the army of warriors.
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05 Jan 2010, 06:30
The answer to this should definitely be 'B'. In case someone is confused by the explanation given by tarek99, here is a simple funda.

Though it could be wrong, but I found answer through this only.

The word just before underlining starts is and, which means the sentence after and is in continuation. Now just read a few words nefore and:

is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

If the sentence after 'and' is in continuation, it should be in sync with is, so should be to complete it.

And regarding whether it is required at the end or not, just read the sentence without it in its simple form and see if it makes sense or not:

[Without it] The army is more than 2000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

[With it] The army is more than 2000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it.
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05 Jan 2010, 07:16
I think it makes more sense without 'it' . I feel like it's more concise that way. Breaking it down even more: "The army took more than 36 years to complete it."

"It" refers to what was being completed. In this case, "it" is the army. So the sentence reads:
The army took more than 36 years to complete the army.

Doesn't seem like 'it' is necessary in the truncated sentence. My grammar could be totally wrong though.

Last edited by perseverance on 20 Jan 2010, 12:02, edited 2 times in total.
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05 Jan 2010, 07:25
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we can cleary eliminate the choices which has them in it sin ce both army and china's first emperor or singular

so choice A and E are out and I eliminated D as it seemed awkward.

so between B and C I went for Choice C since in the choice B "it" has no clear referent
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05 Jan 2010, 08:46
110% C
the 'it' in B is redundant. Cut out the fluff and you get:

The terra-cotta army is 2000 years old and took artisans 36 years to complete it.

...sorry I just threw up on my keyboard. anyway--the 'it' is no bueno.
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05 Jan 2010, 15:02
B
Sold for 'it' in ... 36 years to complete it
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05 Jan 2010, 16:00
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GMAT Review 12th Edition..Sentence Correction ..Question no. 61.

answer is ( C ) .

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
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Re: SC-GMAT SET.   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2010, 16:00

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