Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that

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Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2013, 06:03
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46% (02:31) correct 54% (01:32) wrong based on 444 sessions

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Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
Source: Veritas Prep
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 06:52
Why not B ?

commentator has not made it clear what minimum or maximum fraction of the amount made by a millionaire will make a person of middle class.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 11:55
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fnumiamisburg wrote:
Why not B ?

commentator has not made it clear what minimum or maximum fraction of the amount made by a millionaire will make a person of middle class.

Rodrigo's point is that since commentators said "Millionaires" shouldn't receive sympathy and since he is 1/8th short of a million, he should get sympathy.
Notice how they mention a yacht, to point out that he is rich, just not technically a 'millionaire".
D says : He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term (term= millionaire). Bang on !

Whereas, B says: The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
It doesn't matter what max and min value are. Acc to Rodrigo's reasoning, as long as he's some amount short of a millionaire, he's good to go the sympathy route .

See how D makes wayyyy more sense?
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 13:32
thanks surbhi... D makes sense now..
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2014, 13:22
1
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surbhi87 wrote:
fnumiamisburg wrote:
Why not B ?

commentator has not made it clear what minimum or maximum fraction of the amount made by a millionaire will make a person of middle class.

Rodrigo's point is that since commentators said "Millionaires" shouldn't receive sympathy and since he is 1/8th short of a million, he should get sympathy.
Notice how they mention a yacht, to point out that he is rich, just not technically a 'millionaire".
D says : He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term (term= millionaire). Bang on !

Whereas, B says: The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
It doesn't matter what max and min value are. Acc to Rodrigo's reasoning, as long as he's some amount short of a millionaire, he's good to go the sympathy route .

See how D makes wayyyy more sense?

I agree with 'D' answer. However, I disagree with which the illicitily exploited term is.
According to Oxford Dictionary,the definition of "fraction" in English is the following:
fraction (noun)
1. A numerical quantity that is not a whole number (e.g. 1/ 2, 0.5).
2. A small or tiny part, amount, or proportion of something: he hesitated for a fraction of a second her eyes widened a fraction

Rodrigo exploits the first meaning, whereas the comentator is using the second one (IMO).
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2015, 00:22
TGC wrote:
Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
Source: Veritas Prep

Took a while to solve, but dont you guys feel a question like this is unlikely on the GMAT ?
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2016, 06:00
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2016, 13:08
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Beautiful question... Absolutely lovely question for student of syllogism and those who love fallacies
I never liked a question better in CR than a pure fallacy based question.

EXPLAINATION :- This argument commits the fallacy of ambiguity. There are two types of ambiguity fallacy:-

1)Amphiboly:- In amphiboly, the error in reasoning results from wrong interpretation of the sentence.
Example :- Professor Richard is going to deliver a lecture on heart attacks in seminar hall therefore many people must have suffered heart attacks while they are in seminar halls. Here what the argument means is that Prof. Richard is going to deliver a lecture on heart attacks and the venue/location for the lecture is seminar hall. But the listener mistakenly think that the the lecture is about "Heart attack in Seminar Hall"

2)Equivocation:- In equivocation, the error in reasoning is caused because one word has more than one meaning and the listener uses the unintended wrong meaning to reach a conclusion
Example:- The words "Obtuse" means Not transparent, it also means stupid, dim witted, retard. Obtuse also means a triangle that has angle greater than 90 degree. If the listener uses the wrong meaning of obtuse then his argument will become wrong. For example:-
Some triangle are obtuse therefore some triangle are stupid.

NOW COMING TO THE QUESTION:- IT COMMITS THE FALLACY OF EQUIVOCATION. THE ARGUMENT SAYS:- "We allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a FRACTION of the amount made by a millionaire."

FRACTION has 2 meaning :- $$\frac{numerator}{denominator}$$ and the second meaning is a small amount when compared to a bigger amount, a small part of something big.
Rodriguez uses the word FRACTION in mathematical terms and says I only make $$\frac{7}{8}$$ of what a millionaire makes per year. So give me sympathy.

D) He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
CORRECT ANSWER IS D

Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that it is strange that the public should generally show more sympathy for the rich than for the middle class, and have recommended that we allot the bulk of our sympathy for those who make a fraction of the amount made by a millionaire, since those who make millions have enough money to ease most of the real difficulties in life. I agree with these commentators, and will be glad to receive the public’s sympathy for my troubles getting a license for my new yacht, since I only make 7/8 of what a millionaire makes per year.

Which of the following best describes a flaw in Rodrigo’s reasoning?

A) He makes an inappropriate generalization when referring to a group.
B) The commentators he cites have not set a minimum and a maximum fractional value at which one can receive sympathy.
C) He is not a millionaire, so he cannot own a yacht.
D) He illicitly exploits a second incompatible meaning of a term.
E) He accepts a claim based on its source, not its merits.
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Re: Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2016, 13:08
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# Rodrigo: A number of commentators have recently opined that

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